Sutton County, Texas
The Sutton County Courthouse in Sonora
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||John S. Sutton|
|• Total||1,454 sq mi (3,770 km2)|
|• Land||1,454 sq mi (3,770 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1 km2) 0.03%%|
|• Density||2.8/sq mi (1.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Sutton County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,128. Its county seat is Sonora. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1890. Sutton County is named for John S. Sutton, an officer in the Confederate Army.
- 9500 BC – c. 1860s AD Paleo-Indians in the county leave behind archaeological remains of a burned-rock midden with mortar and pestle, as well as other tools. Later native inhabitants include Tonkawa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.
- 1736 Lt. Miguel de la Garza Falcón leads 100 soldiers along the Devils River
- 1852, February 2 - Camp Terrett, later known as Fort Terrett, established to protect settlers from Comanches. Founded by Lt. Col. Henry Bainbridge and named for Lt. John Terrett, who was killed in the Battle of Monterrey in 1846.
- 1881 Wall's Well discovered by Tim Birtrong and Ed Wall. Town of Wentworth discovered. Birtrong Ranch is the area's only ranch.
- 1885 Charles G. Adams, a merchant and sometime rancher from Fort McKavett, founds Sonora, Texas, named after a family servant from Sonora, Mexico.
- 1887 The Texas legislature establishes Sutton County, carved out of eastern Crockett County named for Confederate officer John Schuyler Sutton.
- 1890 Sonora becomes the county seat.
- 1915 Texas Sheep & Goat Raisers’ Association organized.
- 1928 The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway acquires Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway to connect Sonora with San Angelo, Del Rio, and the outside world by rail.
- 1930 Sonora Wool and Mohair Company established.
- 1936 WPA projects help local economy.
- 1958, August 1 – Sonora Municipal Airport activated.
- 1960, July 16 – Caverns of Sonora open to the public.
- 1965 Caverns of Sonora designated National Natural Landmark.
- 1975 Fort Terrett Ranch is purchased by the Texas oil industrialist Bill Noël and used in part for the growing of pecans.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,454 square miles (3,770 km2), of which 1,454 square miles (3,770 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.03%) is water.
- Schleicher County (north)
- Kimble County (east)
- Edwards County (south)
- Val Verde County (southwest)
- Crockett County (west)
- Menard County (northeast)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,077 people, 1,515 households, and 1,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 1,998 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 45.28% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 2.27% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 49.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,515 households, out of which 38.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.40% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.80% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,385, and the median income for a family was $38,143. Males had a median income of $31,193 versus $18,587 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,105. About 14.10% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.20% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.
- Sonora (county seat)
Sutton County is very conservative in national politics. In 2016, it gave 76% of its vote to Republican candidate Donald Trump. It last supported a Democrat in 1964, when Texan Lyndon B. Johnson was the Democratic candidate. However, this was not always the case. In fact, in 1916, the Democratic candidate received 10 times as many votes as the Republican. It hasn't supported a Democrat in Texas gubernatorial elections since 1974, when Mark White, the Democrat, carried all but five counties in the state.
- List of museums in Central Texas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Sutton County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Sutton County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Hosmer, Brian C. "Sutton County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- Smith, Julia Cauble. "Devils River". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- Skiles, Jack; Kelton, Elmer (1996). Judge Roy Bean Country. Texas Tech University Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-89672-369-6.
- Uglow, Loyd and Loyd M (2001). Standing in the Gap: Army Outposts, Picket Stations, and the Pacification of the Texas Frontier, 1866-1886. Texas Christian University. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-87565-246-7.
- "Wentworth - Sonora, Sutton County, Texas". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "Sonora, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- Lackey, Jerry (21 December 2009). "HOMESTEAD: 'Stockman's Paradise' true to the past". San Angelo Standard Times.
- "Sonora Municipal Airport". AirNav. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "History Caverns of Sonora". Caverns of Sonora. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "NPS Caverns of Sonora". National Park Service. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "William Douglas Noël". The Handbook of Texas. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
Media related to Sutton County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons
- Sutton County government's website
- Sutton County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Sutton County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties