Trinity County, Texas

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Trinity County
The Trinity County Courthouse in Groveton
The Trinity County Courthouse in Groveton
Map of Texas highlighting Trinity County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°05′N 95°07′W / 31.09°N 95.12°W / 31.09; -95.12
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1850
Named forTrinity River
SeatGroveton
Largest cityTrinity
Area
 • Total714 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Land694 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water20 sq mi (50 km2)  2.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total13,602
 • Density19/sq mi (7.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.trinity.tx.us

Trinity County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 13,602.[1] Its county seat is Groveton.[2] The county is named for the Trinity River.

Trinity County is included in the Huntsville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Houston-The Woodlands, TX Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 714 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 694 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.9%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18604,392
18704,141−5.7%
18804,91518.7%
18907,64855.6%
190010,97643.5%
191012,76816.3%
192013,6236.7%
193013,6370.1%
194013,7050.5%
195010,040−26.7%
19607,539−24.9%
19707,6281.2%
19809,45023.9%
199011,44521.1%
200013,77920.4%
201014,5855.8%
202013,602−6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1850–2010[5] 2010[6] 2020[7]

2020 census[edit]

Trinity County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[6] Pop 2020[7] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 11,819 10,533 81.04% 77.44%
Black or African American alone (NH) 1,377 1,086 9.44% 7.98%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 57 29 0.39% 0.21%
Asian alone (NH) 36 30 0.25% 0.22%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 4 0.00% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 13 33 0.09% 0.24%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 166 573 1.14% 4.21%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,117 1,314 7.66% 9.66%
Total 14,585 13,602 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 13,779 people, 5,723 households, and 4,000 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 8,141 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.75% White, 11.92% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.66% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 4.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,723 households, out of which 25.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,070, and the median income for a family was $32,304. Males had a median income of $27,518 versus $21,696 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,472. About 13.20% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.80% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Trinity County:

A small portion of Kennard ISD, located in neighboring Houston County, goes into Trinity County.

The county is in the service area of Angelina College.[9]

Transportation[edit]

Southern Pine Lumber Company steam log loader, Trinity County around 1907. Crew is loading logs into a railcar.

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Union Pacific operates a freight line running north–south through Trinity County.[10]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Trinity County, Texas[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,579 80.41% 1,323 19.07% 36 0.52%
2016 4,737 79.15% 1,154 19.28% 94 1.57%
2012 4,537 72.77% 1,614 25.89% 84 1.35%
2008 4,095 67.39% 1,925 31.68% 57 0.94%
2004 3,985 64.14% 2,204 35.47% 24 0.39%
2000 3,093 58.39% 2,142 40.44% 62 1.17%
1996 2,058 38.76% 2,774 52.24% 478 9.00%
1992 1,988 33.64% 2,784 47.11% 1,137 19.24%
1988 2,448 47.65% 2,657 51.72% 32 0.62%
1984 2,599 54.89% 2,115 44.67% 21 0.44%
1980 1,503 36.95% 2,510 61.70% 55 1.35%
1976 1,042 33.04% 2,100 66.58% 12 0.38%
1972 1,467 63.92% 826 35.99% 2 0.09%
1968 636 22.89% 1,146 41.24% 997 35.88%
1964 763 31.43% 1,654 68.12% 11 0.45%
1960 707 31.23% 1,521 67.18% 36 1.59%
1956 865 43.98% 1,091 55.47% 11 0.56%
1952 958 35.71% 1,725 64.29% 0 0.00%
1948 150 11.41% 905 68.82% 260 19.77%
1944 127 8.20% 1,132 73.13% 289 18.67%
1940 274 13.24% 1,791 86.56% 4 0.19%
1936 151 11.20% 1,196 88.72% 1 0.07%
1932 65 4.11% 1,514 95.70% 3 0.19%
1928 456 39.93% 686 60.07% 0 0.00%
1924 146 8.63% 1,504 88.89% 42 2.48%
1920 125 11.08% 643 57.00% 360 31.91%
1916 156 13.51% 906 78.44% 93 8.05%
1912 112 11.85% 657 69.52% 176 18.62%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trinity County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  5. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Trinity County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  7. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Trinity County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  9. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.165. ANGELINA COUNTY JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
  10. ^ National Atlas Archived 2008-05-11 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 11, 2018.

External links[edit]

Media related to Trinity County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 31°05′N 95°07′W / 31.09°N 95.12°W / 31.09; -95.12