Trinity County, Texas

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Trinity County, Texas
Trinity county tx courthouse 2015.jpg
The Trinity County Courthouse in Groveton
Map of Texas highlighting Trinity County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1850
Named for Trinity River
Seat Groveton
Largest city Trinity
Area
 • Total 714 sq mi (1,849 km2)
 • Land 694 sq mi (1,797 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (52 km2), 2.9%
Population
 • (2010) 14,585
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.trinity.tx.us

Trinity County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,585.[1] Its county seat is Groveton.[2] The county is named for the Trinity River.

Trinity County is included in the Huntsville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Houston-The Woodlands, TX Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 714 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 694 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.9%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,392
1870 4,141 −5.7%
1880 4,915 18.7%
1890 7,648 55.6%
1900 10,976 43.5%
1910 12,768 16.3%
1920 13,623 6.7%
1930 13,637 0.1%
1940 13,705 0.5%
1950 10,040 −26.7%
1960 7,539 −24.9%
1970 7,628 1.2%
1980 9,450 23.9%
1990 11,445 21.1%
2000 13,779 20.4%
2010 14,585 5.8%
Est. 2016 14,442 [4] −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 13,779 people, 5,723 households, and 4,000 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 8,141 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.75% White, 11.92% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.66% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 4.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,723 households out of which 25.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,070, and the median income for a family was $32,304. Males had a median income of $27,518 versus $21,696 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,472. About 13.20% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.80% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Trinity County:

A small portion of Kennard ISD, located in neighboring Houston County, goes into Trinity County.

Transportation[edit]

Southern Pine Lumber Company steam log loader, Trinity County around 1907. Crew is loading logs into a railcar.

Major Highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Union Pacific operates a freight line running north-south through Trinity County.[8]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 79.2% 4,737 19.3% 1,154 1.6% 94
2012 72.8% 4,537 25.9% 1,614 1.4% 84
2008 67.4% 4,095 31.7% 1,925 0.9% 57
2004 64.1% 3,985 35.5% 2,204 0.4% 24
2000 58.4% 3,093 40.4% 2,142 1.2% 62
1996 38.8% 2,058 52.2% 2,774 9.0% 478
1992 33.6% 1,988 47.1% 2,784 19.2% 1,137
1988 47.7% 2,448 51.7% 2,657 0.6% 32
1984 54.9% 2,599 44.7% 2,115 0.4% 21
1980 37.0% 1,503 61.7% 2,510 1.4% 55
1976 33.0% 1,042 66.6% 2,100 0.4% 12
1972 63.9% 1,467 36.0% 826 0.1% 2
1968 22.9% 636 41.2% 1,146 35.9% 997
1964 31.4% 763 68.1% 1,654 0.5% 11
1960 31.2% 707 67.2% 1,521 1.6% 36
1956 44.0% 865 55.5% 1,091 0.6% 11
1952 35.7% 958 64.3% 1,725
1948 11.4% 150 68.8% 905 19.8% 260
1944 8.2% 127 73.1% 1,132 18.7% 289
1940 13.2% 274 86.6% 1,791 0.2% 4
1936 11.2% 151 88.7% 1,196 0.1% 1
1932 4.1% 65 95.7% 1,514 0.2% 3
1928 39.9% 456 60.1% 686
1924 8.6% 146 88.9% 1,504 2.5% 42
1920 11.1% 125 57.0% 643 31.9% 360
1916 13.5% 156 78.4% 906 8.1% 93
1912 11.9% 112 69.5% 657 18.6% 176

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ National Atlas
  9. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Media related to Trinity County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 31°05′N 95°07′W / 31.09°N 95.12°W / 31.09; -95.12