Mitchell County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mitchell County
The Mitchell County Courthouse in Colorado City
The Mitchell County Courthouse in Colorado City
Map of Texas highlighting Mitchell County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°18′N 100°55′W / 32.3°N 100.92°W / 32.3; -100.92
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1881
SeatColorado City
Largest cityColorado City
Area
 • Total916 sq mi (2,370 km2)
 • Land911 sq mi (2,360 km2)
 • Water4.8 sq mi (12 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,990
 • Density9.8/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district11th
Veterans Monument in Mitchell County
Mitchell County Public Library

Mitchell County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 8,990.[1] Its county seat is Colorado City.[2] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1881.[3] It is named for Asa and Eli Mitchell, two early settlers and soldiers in the Texas Revolution.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 916 square miles (2,370 km2), of which 911 sq mi (2,360 km2) are land and 4.8 sq mi (12 km2) (0.5%) are covered by water.[4] Mitchell County contains two reservoirs, Lake Colorado City and Lake Champion.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880117
18902,0591,659.8%
19002,85538.7%
19108,956213.7%
19207,527−16.0%
193014,18388.4%
194012,477−12.0%
195014,35715.1%
196011,255−21.6%
19709,073−19.4%
19809,0880.2%
19908,016−11.8%
20009,69821.0%
20109,403−3.0%
20208,990−4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2010[7] 2020[8]

2020 census[edit]

Mitchell County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[7] Pop 2020[8] % 2010 % 2020
  White alone (NH) 4,753 4,328 50.55% 48.14%
  Black or African American alone (NH) 1,043 925 11.09% 10.29%
  Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 44 34 0.47% 0.38%
Asian alone (NH) 27 54 0.29% 0.60%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.01%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 10 11 0.11% 0.12%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 45 183 0.48% 2.04%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 3,481 3,454 37.02% 38.42%
Total 9,403 8,990 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, 9,698 people, 2,837 households, and 1,997 families resided in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km2). The 4,168 housing units averaged five per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.52% White, 12.81% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.19% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races; 31.03% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 2,837 households, 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were not families; 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was distributed as 19.80% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 159.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 174.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,399, and for a family was $31,481. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $20,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,043. About 15.00% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.90% of those under age 18 and 20.90% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

From 1921 to 1925, the Democrat Richard M. Chitwood of Sweetwater represented Mitchell County in the state House. He left his post to become the first business manager of Texas Tech University, which he had worked to establish in Sweetwater until the Lubbock site was chosen. He died in 1926 after a year as the business manager.[10]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Mitchell County, Texas[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,170 84.14% 397 15.39% 12 0.47%
2016 1,780 81.06% 354 16.12% 62 2.82%
2012 1,756 75.82% 538 23.23% 22 0.95%
2008 1,815 74.66% 586 24.11% 30 1.23%
2004 1,912 74.75% 639 24.98% 7 0.27%
2000 1,708 66.36% 837 32.52% 29 1.13%
1996 949 39.46% 1,213 50.44% 243 10.10%
1992 1,128 36.47% 1,353 43.74% 612 19.79%
1988 1,596 47.27% 1,773 52.52% 7 0.21%
1984 2,007 59.79% 1,332 39.68% 18 0.54%
1980 1,455 49.73% 1,446 49.42% 25 0.85%
1976 1,058 37.73% 1,730 61.70% 16 0.57%
1972 1,790 71.83% 699 28.05% 3 0.12%
1968 893 29.96% 1,589 53.30% 499 16.74%
1964 737 23.33% 2,420 76.61% 2 0.06%
1960 1,208 36.06% 2,131 63.61% 11 0.33%
1956 1,091 36.59% 1,891 63.41% 0 0.00%
1952 1,417 40.95% 2,031 58.70% 12 0.35%
1948 230 9.26% 2,181 87.80% 73 2.94%
1944 218 8.47% 2,215 86.09% 140 5.44%
1940 251 9.45% 2,401 90.37% 5 0.19%
1936 192 8.61% 2,035 91.21% 4 0.18%
1932 148 9.02% 1,490 90.85% 2 0.12%
1928 1,099 59.57% 746 40.43% 0 0.00%
1924 169 11.69% 1,242 85.89% 35 2.42%
1920 89 10.47% 694 81.65% 67 7.88%
1916 39 4.23% 803 87.00% 81 8.78%
1912 19 2.69% 573 81.05% 115 16.27%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mitchell County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mitchell County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mitchell County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ "Richard M. Chitwood". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 27, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°18′N 100°55′W / 32.30°N 100.92°W / 32.30; -100.92