Parmer County, Texas

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Parmer County
The Parmer County Courthouse in Farwell
The Parmer County Courthouse in Farwell
Map of Texas highlighting Parmer County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°32′N 102°47′W / 34.53°N 102.78°W / 34.53; -102.78
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1907
Named forMartin Parmer
SeatFarwell
Largest cityFriona
Area
 • Total885 sq mi (2,290 km2)
 • Land881 sq mi (2,280 km2)
 • Water4.4 sq mi (11 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,869
 • Density11/sq mi (4.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district19th
Websiteparmercounty.org

Parmer County is a county located in the southwestern Texas Panhandle on the High Plains of the Llano Estacado in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 9,869.[1] The county seat is Farwell.[2] The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1907.[3] It is named in honor of Martin Parmer, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and early judge. Parmer County was one of 10[4] prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas, but is now a wet county.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 885 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 881 square miles (2,280 km2) are land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.5%) are covered by water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18907
190034385.7%
19101,5554,473.5%
19201,6999.3%
19305,869245.4%
19405,8900.4%
19505,787−1.7%
19609,58365.6%
197010,5099.7%
198011,0385.0%
19909,863−10.6%
200010,0161.6%
201010,2692.5%
20209,869−3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1850–2010[7] 2010[8] 2020[9]

2020 census[edit]

Parmer County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[8] Pop 2020[9] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 3,943 3,187 38.40% 32.29%
Black or African American alone (NH) 91 53 0.89% 0.54%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 17 11 0.17% 0.11%
Asian alone (NH) 18 14 0.18% 0.14%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 8 0 0.08% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 2 39 0.02% 0.40%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 26 61 0.25% 0.62%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 6,164 6,504 60.03% 65.90%
Total 10,269 9,869 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, 10,016 people, 3,322 households, and 2,614 families resided in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km2). The 3,732 housing units averaged four per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 66.01% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 29.51% from other races, and 2.35% from two or more races. About 49.19% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 3,322 households, 42.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were not families. About 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the county, the population was distributed as 32.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,813, and for a family was $34,149. Males had a median income of $26,966 versus $19,650 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,184. About 14.2% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Education[edit]

School districts:

All of the county is in the service area of Amarillo College.[11]

Gallery[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Parmer County, Texas[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,135 80.57% 488 18.42% 27 1.02%
2016 1,915 77.66% 485 19.67% 66 2.68%
2012 2,011 78.74% 529 20.71% 14 0.55%
2008 2,969 79.96% 719 19.36% 25 0.67%
2004 2,375 85.65% 389 14.03% 9 0.32%
2000 2,274 82.87% 447 16.29% 23 0.84%
1996 2,042 70.71% 676 23.41% 170 5.89%
1992 1,829 60.30% 637 21.00% 567 18.69%
1988 2,061 72.60% 764 26.91% 14 0.49%
1984 2,524 81.37% 567 18.28% 11 0.35%
1980 2,640 77.69% 707 20.81% 51 1.50%
1976 1,487 43.52% 1,914 56.01% 16 0.47%
1972 2,304 81.62% 495 17.53% 24 0.85%
1968 1,539 49.61% 833 26.85% 730 23.53%
1964 1,216 43.76% 1,556 55.99% 7 0.25%
1960 1,674 60.09% 1,090 39.12% 22 0.79%
1956 1,028 42.76% 1,362 56.66% 14 0.58%
1952 1,503 69.39% 663 30.61% 0 0.00%
1948 280 19.70% 1,091 76.78% 50 3.52%
1944 415 29.99% 810 58.53% 159 11.49%
1940 370 25.78% 1,062 74.01% 3 0.21%
1936 135 12.52% 936 86.83% 7 0.65%
1932 148 11.22% 1,154 87.49% 17 1.29%
1928 620 65.75% 315 33.40% 8 0.85%
1924 91 26.69% 214 62.76% 36 10.56%
1920 140 41.06% 189 55.43% 12 3.52%
1916 64 23.36% 194 70.80% 16 5.84%
1912 6 3.35% 107 59.78% 66 36.87%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parmer County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  4. ^ "TABC Local Option Elections". Retrieved May 3, 2014.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  7. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Parmer County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Parmer County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.164. AMARILLO COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 28, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°32′N 102°47′W / 34.53°N 102.78°W / 34.53; -102.78