Hartley County, Texas

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Hartley County
1906 Hartley County Courthouse
1906 Hartley County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting Hartley County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°50′N 102°37′W / 35.84°N 102.61°W / 35.84; -102.61
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1891
SeatChanning
Largest communityDalhart
Area
 • Total1,463 sq mi (3,790 km2)
 • Land1,462 sq mi (3,790 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2)  0.08%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,382
 • Density3.7/sq mi (1.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district13th
Websitewww.co.hartley.tx.us

Hartley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 5,382.[1] The county seat is Channing.[2] The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1891.[3] It is named for Oliver C. Hartley and his brother, Rufus K. Hartley, two early Texas legislators and lawyers.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,463 square miles (3,790 km2), of which 1,462 square miles (3,790 km2) are land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.08%) are covered by water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880100
1890252152.0%
190037749.6%
19101,298244.3%
19201,109−14.6%
19302,18597.0%
19401,873−14.3%
19501,9132.1%
19602,17113.5%
19702,78228.1%
19803,98743.3%
19903,637−8.8%
20005,53752.2%
20106,0629.5%
20205,382−11.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2010[7] 2020[8]

2020 census[edit]

Hartley County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[7] Pop 2020[8] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 4,111 3,403 67.82% 63.23%
Black or African American alone (NH) 416 191 6.86% 3.55%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 18 15 0.30% 0.28%
Asian alone (NH) 29 24 0.48% 0.45%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 5 0.05% 0.09%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 8 1 0.13% 0.02%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 29 112 0.48% 2.08%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,448 1,631 23.89% 30.30%
Total 6,062 5,382 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, 5,537 people, 1,604 households, and 1,220 families were residing in the county. The population density was 4 people/sq mi (1/km2). The 1,760 housing units had an average density of 1 /sq mi (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.07% White, 8.15% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 8.65% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. About 13.69% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. In ancestry, 21.0% were of German, 12.6% were of English, 12.3% were of Irish, 6.6% were of American, 4.3% were of French, 3.0% were of Scottish, and 3.0% were of Dutch.

Of the 1,604 households, 35.5% had children under 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were not families; 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.56, and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the age distribution was 20.8% under 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 35.7% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 154.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 172.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,327, and for a family was $53,004. Males had a median income of $29,783 versus $21,783 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,067. About 3.70% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Dalhart Unit prison in an unincorporated area in the county, near Dalhart.[10]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Hartley County, Texas[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,868 89.89% 195 9.38% 15 0.72%
2016 1,730 88.63% 173 8.86% 49 2.51%
2012 1,708 89.28% 184 9.62% 21 1.10%
2008 1,711 86.20% 250 12.59% 24 1.21%
2004 1,736 84.31% 315 15.30% 8 0.39%
2000 1,645 80.99% 359 17.68% 27 1.33%
1996 1,242 68.66% 463 25.59% 104 5.75%
1992 1,081 60.16% 406 22.59% 310 17.25%
1988 1,229 70.35% 505 28.91% 13 0.74%
1984 1,419 79.45% 356 19.93% 11 0.62%
1980 1,248 71.03% 470 26.75% 39 2.22%
1976 811 50.78% 774 48.47% 12 0.75%
1972 946 80.17% 206 17.46% 28 2.37%
1968 597 51.47% 299 25.78% 264 22.76%
1964 437 43.57% 565 56.33% 1 0.10%
1960 413 50.67% 397 48.71% 5 0.61%
1956 353 43.96% 448 55.79% 2 0.25%
1952 468 53.55% 402 46.00% 4 0.46%
1948 83 14.64% 477 84.13% 7 1.23%
1944 26 5.00% 484 93.08% 10 1.92%
1940 110 16.79% 545 83.21% 0 0.00%
1936 40 6.67% 560 93.33% 0 0.00%
1932 74 11.21% 586 88.79% 0 0.00%
1928 179 52.34% 163 47.66% 0 0.00%
1924 61 25.10% 156 64.20% 26 10.70%
1920 81 34.62% 144 61.54% 9 3.85%
1916 30 15.54% 161 83.42% 2 1.04%
1912 16 9.76% 116 70.73% 32 19.51%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hartley County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hartley County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hartley County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ "Dalhart Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on June 4, 2010.
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 11, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°50′N 102°37′W / 35.84°N 102.61°W / 35.84; -102.61