Angelina County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Angelina County
The Angelina County Courthouse in Lufkin
The Angelina County Courthouse in Lufkin
Map of Texas highlighting Angelina County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°16′N 94°37′W / 31.26°N 94.61°W / 31.26; -94.61
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1846
Named forA Hasinai woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries and was named Angelina by them
SeatLufkin
Largest cityLufkin
Area
 • Total865 sq mi (2,240 km2)
 • Land798 sq mi (2,070 km2)
 • Water67 sq mi (170 km2)  7.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total86,395
 • Density100/sq mi (39/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.angelinacounty.net

Angelina County (/ˌænəˈlnə/ AN-jə-LEE-nə) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is in East Texas and its county seat is Lufkin.[1]

As of the 2020 census, the population was 86,395.[2][3] The Lufkin, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Angelina County.

It was formed in 1846 from Nacogdoches County. It is named for a Hasinai Native American woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries and was named Angelina by them.[4]

History[edit]

The county's first Anglo settlers were what John Nova Lomax described as "Scotch-Irish backwoods folk."[5] Cotton farmers and slaves did not come to Angelina County because it had poor soil. Lomax added that "Culturally, the county was less moonlight-and-magnolias Dixie than a little pocket of Appalachia, where pioneers, often from similarly hardscrabble areas of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, wanted nothing more than to carve homesteads out of the Piney Woods and river thickets, farm a little, maybe raise a scraggly herd of tough cattle to drive to market in New Orleans."[5] Lomax added that "[t]hey also wanted to brew up a little whiskey and subsist on the bass, catfish and perch they hauled from the Neches and Angelina rivers and whatever they could trap and shoot on dry land."[5]

Settlement was still thin when Texas won its independence. Angelina County was organized on April 22, 1846, when Nacogdoches County was divided. The first permanent settler after the county was formed is thought to have been George W. Collins. The population increased quickly thereafter due to the good farming land and to the rivers, which made steamboat transportation possible. The population reached 1,165, of whom 196 were slaves, in 1850. The first county seat was Marion; successively, Jonesville became county seat in 1854, Homer in 1858, and Lufkin in 1892. Lufkin was favored by the route of the Houston, East and West Texas Railway (now the Southern Pacific), which had been built in 1882 from Houston to Shreveport.

Angelina County was settled predominantly by natives of the southern United States, some of them slaveowners who established plantations in their new Texas home. Large plantations were owned by the Stearns, Oates, Kalty, Stovall, and Ewing families. However, many Angelina County farmers were relatively poor men who owned no slaves. In 1847 slaves numbered 154, out of a total population of 834. In 1859 the number of slaves had grown to 427, valued at $269,550, and the total population was 4,271. Cotton culture, however, occupied only 2,048 acres of county land in 1858, a relatively small area for East Texas. Between 1850 and 1860 improved land in the county increased from about 3,000 to about 16,000 acres.

In 1861 Angelina County was the only county in East Texas, and one of only a handful of other Texas counties, to reject secession. This election result was startling when compared with that of Angelina County's neighbor to the immediate south, Tyler County, which supported secession by a 99 percent vote. Angelina County had also given the Constitutional Union party candidate, John Bell, a strong minority vote in the 1860 election. Two companies of county men were organized to fight in the Civil War, but they saw only limited action; only nineteen Angelina County men lost their lives in the war, and no Union soldiers entered the county before 1866.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 798 square miles (2,070 km2) is land and 67 square miles (170 km2) (7.7%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18501,165
18604,271266.6%
18703,985−6.7%
18805,23931.5%
18906,30620.4%
190013,481113.8%
191017,70531.3%
192022,28725.9%
193027,80324.7%
194032,20115.8%
195036,03211.9%
196039,81410.5%
197049,34923.9%
198064,17230.0%
199069,8848.9%
200080,13014.7%
201086,7718.3%
202086,395−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census[edit]

Age pyramid as of the 2000 United States Census
Angelina County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 54,889 49,970 63.26% 57.84%
Black or African American alone (NH) 12,840 12,872 14.80% 14.90%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 255 200 0.29% 0.23%
Asian alone (NH) 744 891 0.86% 1.03%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 9 30 0.01% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 94 196 0.11% 0.23%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 795 2,504 0.92% 2.90%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 17,145 19,732 19.76% 22.84%
Total 86,771 86,395 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 80,130 people, 28,685 households, and 21,255 families residing in the county. The population density was 100 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 32,435 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.10% White, 14.72% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 7.77% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 14.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 28,685 households, out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.70% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,806, and the median income for a family was $39,505. Males had a median income of $30,373 versus $20,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,876. About 12.40% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.90% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Angelina County Sheriff's Office is the county law enforcement agency. The Sheriff is Greg Sanches.[13]

Angelina County is governed by its Commissioners Court of which Don Lymbery presides over as County Judge [14]

It is a "partly-wet" county, with beer and wine generally authorized for off-premises consumption.[15] However, the small community of Burke voted to restrict alcohol sales only to restaurants holding permits.

County Government[edit]

Position Name Party
  County Judge Keith Wright Republican
  Commissioner, Precinct 1 Rodney Paulette Republican
  Commissioner, Precinct 2 Kermit Kennedy Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 3 Terry Pitts Republican
  Commissioner, Precinct 4 Steve Smith Republican

Politics[edit]

John Nova Lomax of the Houston Press said that the residents of Angelina County "were, and are, a self-sufficient breed, good with their hands, bluntly honest and leery of all central authority."[5] (In 1861, Angelina County voted against seceding from the United States, the only East Texas county to do so.) He also said "[t]heir electoral peculiarity continued through the 20th Century."[5] Angelina County was the seat of power of Charlie Wilson, a politician labeled the "Liberal from Lufkin".[5]

The current state representative from Angelina County is Republican Trent Ashby, first elected in 2012.

United States presidential election results for Angelina County, Texas[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 25,076 72.53% 9,143 26.44% 355 1.03%
2016 21,668 72.44% 7,538 25.20% 705 2.36%
2012 20,303 71.47% 7,834 27.58% 269 0.95%
2008 19,569 67.13% 9,379 32.17% 205 0.70%
2004 18,932 66.75% 9,302 32.80% 130 0.46%
2000 16,648 61.72% 9,957 36.91% 369 1.37%
1996 11,789 46.38% 11,346 44.63% 2,286 8.99%
1992 9,722 36.99% 10,318 39.26% 6,241 23.75%
1988 12,738 53.40% 10,849 45.48% 265 1.11%
1984 14,685 61.62% 9,054 37.99% 92 0.39%
1980 9,900 48.54% 10,140 49.72% 354 1.74%
1976 7,223 42.21% 9,750 56.98% 139 0.81%
1972 11,453 69.04% 4,970 29.96% 166 1.00%
1968 4,645 29.16% 5,174 32.48% 6,111 38.36%
1964 5,262 39.02% 8,194 60.77% 28 0.21%
1960 5,169 41.32% 7,046 56.32% 295 2.36%
1956 5,274 52.24% 4,781 47.36% 41 0.41%
1952 4,705 43.00% 6,224 56.88% 13 0.12%
1948 1,000 15.78% 4,377 69.05% 962 15.18%
1944 1,001 16.97% 4,387 74.38% 510 8.65%
1940 572 8.70% 5,993 91.19% 7 0.11%
1936 342 7.97% 3,943 91.91% 5 0.12%
1932 287 5.46% 4,962 94.46% 4 0.08%
1928 1,209 34.41% 2,305 65.59% 0 0.00%
1924 333 7.54% 3,914 88.57% 172 3.89%
1920 205 7.67% 1,661 62.16% 806 30.16%
1916 75 4.27% 1,344 76.54% 337 19.19%
1912 45 3.94% 1,068 93.60% 28 2.45%


Crime[edit]

In previous eras criminals established moonshine stands. Around the 1970s some criminals established marijuana farms. As of 2011 the main drug dealing activity is the methamphetamine trade. Allen Hill, formerly of the Angelina County Narcotics Squad, said that the local meth trade is doing more damage to the county than drug couriers passing through the county, crack cocaine, and heroin. According to Hill, many Hispanic drug dealers increasingly sold imported "ice"-style meth made by drug cartels instead of crack cocaine or powdered cocaine, because they make more money than they did selling crack. Hill said that many of the drug dealers claim to be affiliated with Mexican drug cartels or gangs like MS-13.[17]

Education[edit]

Abandoned Redland Drive-in Theater off U.S. Highway 59 north of Lufkin prior to demolishment in 2020.
Among numerous rural churches in Angelina County is the Redtown Missionary Baptist Church (pastor Ross Black, 2010) of Pollok, located near the intersection of Texas Highways 103 and 7.

Primary/Secondary Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Angelina County (districts marked with (*) are located partly within the county and partly outside it):

Colleges and Universities[edit]

Angelina College, a community college, serves all of Angelina County.[18]

Stephen F. Austin State University is located in Nacogdoches, which is located in neighboring Nacogdoches County.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

US 59 goes through Angelina County. It is planned to be upgraded to interstate standards as part of the planned Interstate 69.

Bus[edit]

Greyhound Lines operates the Lufkin Station at the Kerrville Bus Company station in Lufkin.[19]

Airport[edit]

Angelina County Airport is located seven miles southwest of Lufkin.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Angelina County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  3. ^ "Angelina County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  4. ^ "About". Angelina County website. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Lomax, John Nova. "Texas Tweakers." Houston Press. Wednesday November 16, 2011. 3 Archived November 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on November 19, 2011.
  6. ^ Texas State Handbook Online
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Angelina County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Angelina County, Texass". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "Sheriff's Office".
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "County Wet-Dry Status". Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  17. ^ Lomax, John Nova. "Texas Tweakers." Houston Press. Wednesday November 16, 2011. 4. Retrieved on November 19, 2011.
  18. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.165. ANGELINA COUNTY JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
  19. ^ ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on July 29, 2012. NOTE: The information for Lufkin appears as a pop-up window.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°16′N 94°37′W / 31.26°N 94.61°W / 31.26; -94.61