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List of people who survived assassination attempts

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List of survivors of unsuccessful assassination attempts, listed chronologically.

Gallery

List

Date Intended Victim(s) Title at the Time Place Country Would-be Assassin(s)
2017 12 May Abdul Ghafoor Haideri Deputy Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan Mastung  Pakistan ISIL
2016 18 Jun Donald Trump U.S. Presidential candidate Las Vegas  United States Michael Steven Sandford
2016 1 Mar Aaidh al-Qarni Saudi Arabian Islamic scholor, author, and activist Zamboanga City  Philippines 21-year old Filipino
2015 17 Oct Henriette Reker Mayor of Cologne Cologne  Germany Unnamed 44-year-old far-right[1] extremist
2014 29 Oct Yehuda Glick Chairman of Temple Mount Heritage Foundation Jerusalem  Israel Mutaz Hijazi
2013 19 Jan Ahmed Dogan Chairman of DPS party Sofia  Bulgaria Oktai Enimehmedov
2013 4 Jan Mohammed Magariaf Head of Libya's General National Congress Sabha  Libya Unknown
2012 9 Oct Malala Yousafzai [2] Pakistani human rights activist Mingora  Pakistan Taliban
2011 29 Sep Adel al-Jubeir Saudi Arabian Ambassador to the United States Washington, D.C.  United States Manssor Arbabsiar and Gholam Shakuri
2011 3 Jun Ali Abdullah Saleh [3] President of Yemen Sana'a  Yemen Unknown
2011 8 Jan Gabrielle Giffords [4] Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (Arizona) Casas Adobes, Arizona  United States Jared Lee Loughner
2010 14 May Stephen Timms[5] British Labour MP Beckton  United Kingdom Roshonara Choudhry,
2009 31 Jul Anvar-qori Tursunov[6] Uzbekistani Imam Tashkent  Uzbekistan Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
2009 Jun Yunus-Bek Yevkurov[7] Head of Ingushetia Nazran, Ingushetia  Russia Chechen rebels (blamed)
2009 30 Apr Queen Beatrix, Prince Willem-Alexander, and other members of the Dutch Royal Family [8] Queen of the Netherlands Apeldoorn  Netherlands Karst Tates
2008 11 Feb Jose Ramos-Horta[9] President of Timor-Leste Dili  East Timor Alfredo Reinado
2008 11 Feb Xanana Gusmão[9] Prime Minister of Timor-Leste
2008 8 Jan Maumoon Abdul Gayoom[10] President of the Maldives Hoarafushi  Maldives Mohamed Murshid
2007 18 Oct Benazir Bhutto[11] Pakistani opposition leader and ex-Prime Minister Karachi  Pakistan Usama al-Kini and Baitullah Mehsud
2007 6 Jul Pervez Musharraf[12] President of Pakistan Rawalpindi  Pakistan Taliban
2007 29 Jun Guillaume Soro[13] Prime Minister of Ivory Coast Bouaké  Ivory Coast Unknown
2007 14 Apr Onyema Ugochukwu[14] Gubernatorial candidate of Abia State, Nigeria Abia State  Nigeria
2007 27 Feb Dick Cheney[15] Vice President of the United States Bagram Airfield  Afghanistan Taliban
2007 26 Feb Adil Abdul-Mahdi [16] Vice President of Iraq Baghdad  Iraq Unknown
2006 1 Dec Gotabhaya Rajapaksa [17] Secretary of Defense for Sri Lanka and brother of the President Kollupitiya  Sri Lanka LTT
2006 18 Sep Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed [18] President of Somalia Baidoa  Somalia Islamic Courts Union (blamed)
2006 30 May Georgios Voulgarakis[citation needed] Greek Minister of Culture Athens  Greece Revolutionary Struggle
2006 12 Mar Sibghatullah Mojadeddi [19] President of the Senate of Afghanistan Kabul  Afghanistan Unknown
2005 25 Sep May Chidiac Lebanese journalist Beirut  Lebanon
2005 10 May George W. Bush [20] President of the United States Tbilisi  Georgia Vladimir Arutyunian
Mikheil Saakashvili [20] President of Georgia
2005 17 Mar Anatoly Chubais [21] Russian politician and administrator of RAO UES Moscow  Russia Vladimir Kvachkov
2005 15 Mar Ibrahim Rugova [22] President of Kosovo Pristina  Kosovo Unknown
2004 Sep Viktor Yushchenko [23][24] Ukrainian presidential candidate Unknown  Ukraine
2004 1 Sep Ahmad Chalabi [25] Iraqi politician Latifiya  Iraq
2004 21 Aug Sheikh Hasina [26] Prime Minister of Bangladesh Dhaka  Bangladesh Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami
2004 29 Jul Shaukat Aziz [27] Prime Minister of Pakistan Fateh Jang  Pakistan Al-Qaeda sympathizers
2004 6 Apr Murat Zyazikov [28] President of Ingushetia Nazran, Ingushetia  Russia Chechen rebels blamed
2004 19 Mar Chen Shui-bian [11] President of the Republic of China Tainan  Taiwan Unknown
2004 19 Mar Annette Lu [11] Vice President of the Republic of China
2003 April Iyabo Obasanjo-Bello Nigerian Commissioner for Health Ifo Road, Ogun State  Nigeria
2003 25 Dec Pervez Musharraf [11][29] President of Pakistan Rawalpindi  Pakistan Ordered by Amjad Farooqi
2002 5 Oct Bertrand Delanoë [30] Mayor of Paris Paris  France Azedine Berkane
2002 5 Sep Hamid Karzai [31] President of Afghanistan Kandahar  Afghanistan Lone gunman
2002 14 Jul Jacques Chirac [32] President of France Paris  France Maxime Brunerie
2001 1 Jun Ezekiel Alebua [33] Former Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands, serving as Premier of Guadalcanal Guadalcanal  Solomon Islands Harold Keke's Isatabu Freedom Movement
2001 7 Feb George W. Bush President of the United States Washington D.C.  United States Robert Pickett
2000 15 Jun Vuk Drašković [34] Former Deputy Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Budva  Montenegro Milorad Ulemek and Slobodan Milošević
2000 24 Apr Curtis James Jackson American rapper New York City  United States Kenneth McGriff
2000 Mar Saeed Hajjarian [35] Iranian intellectual, prominent journalist, pro-democracy activist Tehran  Iran Members of the Basij militia
1999 30 Dec George Harrison [36] Musician, spiritual activist, former member of the Beatles Henley-on-Thames  United Kingdom Michael Abram
1999 18 Dec Chandrika Kumaratunga [37] President of Sri Lanka Colombo  Sri Lanka LTTE
1999 3 Oct Vuk Drašković [38] Former deputy prime minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ibar Highway  Serbia and Montenegro Serbian State Security Special Ops Force
1998 12 Jun Muammar Gaddafi [39] Libyan Revolutionary leader Derna  Libya Islamic militants
1998 9 Feb Eduard Shevardnadze [40] President of Georgia Tbilisi  Georgia Anti-government forces.
1997 25 Sep Khaled Mashal [41] Leader of Hamas Amman  Jordan Mossad
1996 12 Dec Uday Hussein [42] Son and heir-apparent of Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein Baghdad  Iraq Salman Sharif, and three others.[43]
1996 17 Jul Pavlo Lazarenko [44] Prime Minister of Ukraine Kiev  Ukraine Unknown
1996 Feb Muammar Gaddafi [39][45] Libyan leader Sirte  Libya Islamic extremists
1995 5 Nov Jean Chrétien[46] Prime Minister of Canada Ottawa  Canada André Dallaire
1995 4 Nov Mengistu Haile Mariam Former President of Ethiopia Harare[citation needed]  Zimbabwe Solomon Haile Ghebre Michael and Abraham Goletom Joseph.
1995 José María Aznar[47] Head of the People's Party and future Prime Minister of Spain  Spain ETA
1995 3 Oct Kiro Gligorov [48] President of Macedonia Skopje  Macedonia Unknown
1995 29 Aug Eduard Shevardnadze [40] President of Georgia Tbilisi  Georgia Mkhedrioni rebels
1995 25 Jun Hosni Mubarak[49] President of Egypt Addis Ababa  Ethiopia National Islamic Front
1994 29 Oct Bill Clinton President of the United States Washington D.C.  United States Francisco Martin Duran
1994 14 Oct Naguib Mahfouz [50] Egyptian Nobel writer Cairo  Egypt Ordered by Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman
1993 George H. W. Bush former President of the United States Kuwait City  Kuwait Iraqi Intelligence Service
1993 11 Oct William Nygaard [51] Norwegian publisher of "The Satanic Verses" Oslo  Norway Unknown
1993 2 Jul Aziz Nesin [52] Turkish translator of "The Satanic Verses" Sivas  Turkey Sunni Wahhabi and Salafist extremist mob
1993 Nov Atef Sedki [53] Prime Minister of Egypt Cairo  Egypt Vanguards of Conquest.
1991 Mohammed Zahir Shah[54] Last King of Afghanistan Olgiata  Italy masquerad Portuguese journalist
1991 7 Feb John Major [55] Prime Minister of the United Kingdom London  United Kingdom IRA
1990 25 Oct Byron Barrera[56] Guatemalan journalist Guatemala City  Guatemala Members of the military implicated
1990 12 Oct Wolfgang Schäuble [57] German Minister of the Interior Oppenau, Baden-Württemberg,  West Germany Dieter Kaufmann.
1990 18 Sep Sir Peter Terry and wife, Lady Betty[58] British Governor of Gibraltar (1985–89) and wife Milford, Staffordshire  United Kingdom Provisional Irish Republican Army
1990 25 Apr Oskar Lafontaine [59] Minister-President of Saarland Cologne  West Germany Adelheid Streidel.
1990 18 Jan Motoshima Hitoshi [60] Mayor of Nagasaki, Japan Nagasaki  Japan Seikijuku member
1989 3 Aug Salman Rushdie British Indian novelist and essayist London  United Kingdom Mustafa Mahmoud Mazeh
1989 14 Jul Jani Allan [61] South African columnist Johannesburg  South Africa Cornelius Lottering, Orde van die Dood member
1988 17 Nov Antoine Lahad [62] Lebanese general and leader of the South Lebanon Army South Lebanon  Lebanon Souha Bechara
1988 20 Oct Nikola Stedul [63] Ethnic Croatian emigré from Yugoslavia and head of the "Croatian Statehood Movement" Kirkcaldy, Scotland  United Kingdom Vinko Sindičić, UDBA agent
1987 18 Aug Junius Richard Jayewardene [64] President of Sri Lanka Colombo  Sri Lanka Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
Ranasinghe Premadasa [65] Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
1987 30 Jul Rajiv Gandhi Prime Minister of India Vijitha Rohana
1987 18 Jun Turgut Özal [66] President of Turkey Ankara  Turkey Kartal Demirağ
1986 7 Sep Augusto Pinochet [67] President of Chile Cajón del Maipo  Chile Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front
1988 11 Sep Jean-Bertrand Aristide [68] Catholic Salesian Order priest, political dissident and future President of Haiti Port-au-Prince  Haiti Ex-Tonton Macoute member
1985 8 Mar Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah [69] Lebanese Grand Ayatollah and mentor to Hezbollah Beirut  Lebanon Unknown
1984 12 Oct Margaret Thatcher [70] Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Brighton  United Kingdom IRA
1984 14 Mar Gerry Adams[71] Irish Republican politician and President of Sinn Féin Belfast Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF)
1983 19 Oct Chun Doo-hwan [72] President of South Korea. Rangoon  Burma North Korean agents
1982 8 Jul Saddam Hussein President of Iraq Dujail  Iraq Islamic Dawa Party
1982 3 Jun Shlomo Argov [73] Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom London  United Kingdom Abu Nidal Organization
1982 12 May Pope John Paul II [11][74] Bishop of Rome Fátima  Portugal Juan María Fernández y Krohn
1981 June Ali Khamenei[75] Tehran's Friday Prayer Imam Tehran  Iran People's Mujahedin of Iran, Furqan Group
1981 13 May Pope John Paul II [11][76] Bishop of Rome St. Peter's Square   Vatican City State Mehmet Ali Ağca
1981 30 Mar Ronald Reagan [11][65] President of the United States Washington, D.C.  United States John Hinckley Jr.
1981 16 Jan Bernadette and Michael McAliskey Irish socialist and republican political activists Coalisland, County Tyrone  United Kingdom Ulster Freedom Fighters
1980 May 29 Vernon Jordan American Civil Rights Movement activist Fort Wayne, Indiana  United States Joseph Paul Franklin
1980 April Tariq Aziz [77] Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq Baghdad  Iraq Islamic Dawa Party members.
1979 25 June Alexander Haig Supreme Allied Commander Europe Mons  Belgium Rolf Clemens Wagner
1978 5 Apr Antonio Cubillo [78] Canarian nationalist Movement leader Algiers  Algeria Spanish secret service members.
1978 February Ayad Allawi [79] Iraqi opposition politician in exile Surrey  United Kingdom Saddam Hussein's agents.
1978 6 Mar Larry Flynt [80] American newspaper publisher Lawrenceville, Georgia  United States Joseph Paul Franklin
1976 3 Dec Bob Marley[81] Jamaican Reggae musician Kingston  Jamaica unknown
1976 Feb Jean-Bédel Bokassa President of the Central African Republic Bangui M'Poko International Airport  Central African Republic unknown
1975 6 Oct Bernardo Leighton Former Chilean Christian Democrat vice-president in exile. Rome  Italy DINA, Avanguardia Nazionale
1975 22 Sep Gerald Ford [82] President of the United States San Francisco  United States Sara Jane Moore
1975 5 Sep Sacramento Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme
1974 17 Feb Richard Nixon[83] Baltimore/Washington International Airport Samuel Byck
1974 15 Aug Park Chung-hee President of South Korea Seoul  South Korea Mun Se-gwang
1973 30 Dec Joseph Sieff[84] Honorary vice-president of the British Zionist Federation London  United Kingdom Ilich Ramírez Sánchez
1972 16 Aug Hassan II King of Morocco Kenitra  Morocco Mohamed Amekrane
1972 15 May George Wallace[85] U.S. presidential candidate Laurel, Maryland,  United States Arthur Bremer
1972 25 Feb John Taylor British Ulster Unionist politician Belfast  United Kingdom Joe McCann
1971 10 Jul Hassan II King of Morocco Skhirat  Morocco M'hamed Ababou and Mohamed Medbouh,
1970 1 Sep Hussein I King of Jordan Amman  Jordan PFLP
1970 24 Apr Chiang Ching-kuo Vice Premier of the Republic of China New York City  United States Peter Huang
1970 27 Nov Pope Paul VI Bishop of Rome Manila  Philippines Benjamin Mendoza y Amor
1969 22 Jan Leonid Brezhnev General Secretary of the Soviet Union Moscow.  Soviet Union Viktor Ilyin,
1968 13 Aug Georgios Papadopoulos President of Greece between Lagonisi and Athens  Greece Alexandros Panagoulis
1968 3 Jun Andy Warhol American artist New York City  United States Valerie Solanas
1968 11 Apr Rudi Dutschke[86] German student activist West Berlin  West Germany Josef Bachmann
1966 18 Oct Bhim Singh[87] President of Student's Indian Congress Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir  India Senior superintendent of police
1966 21 Jun Arthur Calwell Australian Opposition Leader, Leader of the Australian Labor Party Mosman, Sydney  Australia Peter Kocan
1965 12 Apr Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi [88] Shah of Iran Tehran  Iran Iranian soldier
1964 11 Aug Francisco Franco Generalissimo Caudillo of Spain

Madrid

 Spain Stuart Christie
1963 10 Apr Edwin Walker United States Army officer Dallas, Texas  United States Lee Harvey Oswald
1962 August Charles de Gaulle President of France Petit-Clamart  France Jean-Marie Bastien-Thiry
1962 27 Feb Ngô Đình Diệm President of the Republic of Vietnam Saigon  South Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Cử and Phạm Phú Quốc
1962 27 Feb Ngô Đình Nhu Chief Republic of Vietnam presidential adviser and brother of Ngô Đình Diệm
1960 24 Jun Rómulo Betancourt President of Venezuela Caracas  Venezuela Ordered by Dominican Republic President Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
1960 9 Apr Hendrik Verwoerd Prime Minister of South Africa Johannesburg  South Africa David Pratt
1958 20 Sep Martin Luther King, Jr. American civil rights activist and Baptist minister New York City  United States Izola Curry
1957 22 Feb Ngô Đình Diệm President of the Republic of Vietnam Buôn Ma Thuột  South Vietnam Hà Minh Tri
1955 11 Apr Zhou Enlai Chinese Premier Hong Kong  British Hong Kong Kuomintang agents
1954 26 Oct Gamal Abdel Nasser President of Egypt Alexandria  Egypt Mohammed Abdel Latif
1952 27 Mar Konrad Adenauer Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany Munich  West Germany Herut
1951 20 Jul Prince Hussein[89] Crown Prince of Jordan East Jerusalem  Jordan Mustapha Shukri Usho
1950 1 Nov Harry Truman President of the United States Washington, D.C.  United States Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola

(FALN)

1949 4 Feb Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi [90] Shah of Iran Tehran  Iran Fakhr-Arai
1944 20 Jul Adolf Hitler [11] German Führer Rastenburg, East Prussia  Nazi Germany Claus von Stauffenberg
1943 5 Jun José P. Laurel Commissioner of the Interior, Philippine Executive Commission Mandaluyong  Philippines Feliciano Lizardo (Disputed)
1943 13 Mar Adolf Hitler [11] German Führer Wolf's Lair  Nazi Germany Henning von Tresckow, Fabian von Schlabrendorff, Rudolf Christoph Freiherr von Gersdorff[citation needed]
1942 24 Feb Franz von Papen Nazi Germany's Ambassador to Turkey Ankara  Turkey NKVD agents
1941 17 May Victor Emmanuel III King of Italy Tirana  Albania Vasil Laçi
1933 15 Feb Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the United States (elected) Miami  United States Giuseppe Zangara
1936 26 Feb Keisuke Okada Prime Minister of Japan Tokyo  Japan Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) officers
Kantarō Suzuki Grand Chamberlain
1936 Mar Eleftherios Venizelos Greek revolutionary and statesman Athens  Greece Greek royalists
1936 26 Feb Makino Nobuaki Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal Tokyo  Japan Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) officers
1933 Oct Engelbert Dollfuss Chancellor of Austria Vienna  Austria Rudolf Dertill
1931 22 Jul John Ernest Buttery Hotson Acting Governor of Bombay Pune  British India Vasudeo Balwant Gogte
1931 21 Feb Zog I King of Albania Vienna  Austria Ndok Gjeloshi, Aziz Çami
1929 24 Oct Umberto of Savoy Prince of Piedmont Brussels  Belgium Fernando de Rosa
1926 31 Oct Benito Mussolini Prime Minister of Italy Bologna  Italy Anteo Zamboni
1926 11 Sep Rome Gino Lucetti
1926 7 Apr Violet Gibson
1923 27 Dec Hirohito Prince regent Tokyo  Japan Daisuke Namba
1920 Aug Eleftherios Venizelos Greek revolutionary and statesman Paris  France Greek royalists
1919 Apr-Jun A. Mitchell Palmer United States Attorney General Washington, D.C.  United States Luigi Galleani
1919 19 Feb Georges Clemenceau Prime Minister of France Paris  France Émile Cottin
1918 Aug 30 Vladimir Lenin Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union Moscow  Russian SFSR Fanny Kaplan
1914 29 Jun Grigori Rasputin Russian monk Pokrovskoye  Russian Empire Khioniya Guseva
1914 17 Mar John Purroy Mitchel Mayor of New York City New York City  United States Michael P. Mahoney
1912 14 Oct Theodore Roosevelt Former President of the United States Milwaukee John Flammang Schrank
1912 7 Jun István Tisza Speaker of the House of Representatives of Hungary Budapest  Austria-Hungary Gyula Kovács
1910 9 Aug William Jay Gaynor Mayor of New York City Hoboken, New Jersey.  United States James J. Gallagher
1908 15 Mar Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar[91] Shah of Persia Tehran  Persia Constitutionalists
1908 4 Jun Alfred Dreyfus French military officer Paris  France Louis Gregori
1907 18 Apr Nicholas Salmeron y Alonso Spanish statesman Barcelona  Spain political foe
1905 21 Jul Abdul Hamid II[92] Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Constantinople  Ottoman Empire Armenian Revolutionary Federation
1905 1 Jun Alfonso XIII [93] King of Spain Paris  France an anarchist
1905 1 Jun Émile Loubet[94] President of France
1906 31 May Alfonso XIII King of Spain Madrid  Spain Mateu Morral.
1902 15 Nov Leopold II King of the Belgians Brussels  Belgium Gennaro Rubino
1902 18 May Victor von Wahl Tsarist governor of Vilna Vilna  Russian Empire Hirsh Lekert
1900 2 Aug Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar[95] Shah of Persia Paris  France Francois Salson
1900 5 Apr Edward, Prince of Wales Prince of Wales Brussels  Belgium Jean-Baptiste Sipido
1892 23 Jul Henry Clay Frick[96] American industrialist Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  United States Alexander Berkman
1891 11 May[citation needed] Prince Nicholas Alexandrovich Tsarevich of Russia Ōtsu, Shiga Prefecture  Japan Tsuda Sanzō
1889 Ōkuma Shigenobu[97] Prime Minister of Japan Tokyo member of the Gen'yōsha
1882 2 Mar Queen Victoria [98] Queen of the United Kingdom Windsor  United Kingdom Roderick McLean
1880 5 Feb Alexander II Czar of Russia St. Petersburg  Russian Empire Stephan Khalturin
1879 20 Apr Alexander Soloviev
1878 17 Nov Umberto I King of Italy Naples  Italy Giovanni Passannante
1874 13 Jul Otto von Bismarck[99] Chancellor of the German Reich Bad Kissingen,  German Empire Eduard Kullman[who?]
1873 22 Aug Domingo Faustino Sarmiento President of Argentina Buenos Aires  Argentina Ricardo López Jordán
1869 11 Jul Thomas Eyre Lambert Irish landlord Athenry, County Galway,  United Kingdom Peter Barrett
1868 12 March Prince Alfred Duke of Edinburgh Clontarf, Sydney New South Wales Colony of New South Wales Henry James O'Farrell
1866 7 May Otto von Bismarck Minister President of Prussia Berlin  German Empire Ferdinand Cohen-Blind
1866 4 Apr Alexander II Czar of Russia St. Petersburg  Russian Empire Dmitry Karakozov
1865 14 Apr William H. Seward [100] United States Secretary of State Washington, D.C.  United States Lewis Powell
1858 14 Jan Napoleon III [101] Emperor of the French Paris  France Felice Orsini
1853 18 Feb Franz Joseph I [102] Austria-Hungarian Emperor Vienna  Austria-Hungary János Libényi
1852 15 Aug Nasser al-Din Shah[103] Shahanshah of Persia Tehran  Iran Babis
1842 30 May Queen Victoria [98] Queen of the United Kingdom London  United Kingdom John Francis
1842 6 May Lilburn Boggs [104] ex-Governor of Missouri Zion, Missouri  United States Unknown
1840 10 Jun Queen Victoria [98] Queen of the United Kingdom London  United Kingdom Edward Oxford
1835 28 Jul Louis-Philippe [105] King of France Paris  France Giuseppe Marco Fieschi
1835 30 Jan Andrew Jackson [106] President of the United States Washington D.C.  United States Richard Lawrence
1800 24 Dec Napoleon I [107] First Consul, past and future Emperor of the French Paris  France François-Joseph Carbon
1800 15 May George III [108] King of Britain and Ireland Westminster  United Kingdom James Hadfield
1757 5 Jan Louis XV [109] King of France Versailles Flag of France (XII-XIII).svg France Robert-François Damiens
1582 18 Mar William of Orange [110] Leader of the United Provinces Antwerp  Dutch Republic Juan de Jáuregui
1572 22 Aug Gaspard de Coligny Leader of the Huguenots Paris Flag of France (XII-XIII).svg France Maurevert[citation needed]
1606 5 Mar James I King of England Westminster  England Guy Fawkes
1272 Jun Edward I Longshanks[111] King of England Acre, Jerusalem Holy Land Unnamed Muslim
1134 Hugh II of Jaffa[112] Count of Jaffa Jerusalem A Breton knight
626 A.D. Mar–Apr Saint Edwin of Northumbria [113] King of Deira and Bernicia York, Northumbria  England Agents of Cwichelm of Wessex
156-155 B.C. Ptolemy VIII of Egypt [114] Egyptian Monarch Alexandria Ancient Egypt Ordered by Ptolemy VI Philometor, his brother
218 B.C. Qin Shi Huang[115] First Emperor of a unified China China China Ordered by Zhang Liang (Western Han)

See also

Notes and references

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