Halisahar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Halisahar
city
Halisahar is located in West Bengal
Halisahar
Halisahar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°57′N 88°25′E / 22.95°N 88.42°E / 22.95; 88.42Coordinates: 22°57′N 88°25′E / 22.95°N 88.42°E / 22.95; 88.42
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Ansuman Roy[1]
Area
 • Total 8.29 km2 (3.20 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 124,479
 • Density 15,000/km2 (39,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743134 743135 743136
Telephone code 91 33
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bijpur
Website halisahar.org

Halisahar (In Bengali: হালিশহর) is a city and a municipality under Bijpur/ Naihati police stations of Barrackpore subdivision.[2] in North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.[3]

It was formerly known Kumarhatta. It has an ideal blend of green with township. Wet land is still present here.

Geography[edit]

With a total area of 8.29 km2 (3.20 sq mi) Halisahar forms a small part of the state of West Bengal. There is a significant difference in elevation across different localities of Halisahar. There are significantly large numbers of ponds in Halisahar. Most of them are shallow. Moreover, it is adjacent to the river Ganga and therefore, Halisahar is abundant with water resources. Halisahar falls under the Earthquake zone 3.[4]

Climate[edit]

The main seasons are summer, rainy season, a short autumn, and winter. While the summer in the delta region is noted for excessive humidity, with the highest day temperature ranging from 38 °C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F). In early summer brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur. Halisahar receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian ocean monsoon that moves in a northwest direction. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. During the arrival of the monsoons, low pressure in the Bay of Bengal region often leads to the occurrence of storms in the coastal areas. Winter (December–January) is mild with average minimum temperatures of 19 °C (66.2 °F). A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Halisahar had a population of 34124,479. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Halisahar has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 70%. In Halisahar, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Culture[edit]

Halisahar is mostly known for being a home to Sadhak Ramprasad Sen. For this reason the city witnesses many worshipping programs of mother Kali of whom Ramprasad was devotee. It is worth noting that being a region within West Bengal it is expected that Durga Puja should be its primary Bangali parva (Bengali festival) but in practice it is Kali Puja which is celebrated with as much enthusiasm as no other. This is of course because Halisahar is home to the great, and perhaps the greatest, Kali devotee Ramprasad.

Economy[edit]

Hukum Chand Jute Mill, which is one of the biggest jute mills in Asia, is situated in Halisahar. This had been in existence from the British Raj and therefore is important historically besides economically. This had once been the biggest successful industries in the past. But due to consistently declining preference of jute and no government policies to revive them these mills are suffering high input costs and low demands. Consequently these industries are now seen to be economically unimportant. Halisahar is situated adjacent to Kanchrapara and therefore to Kanchrapara workshop. Kanchrapara workshop is a public sector industry under the Indian Railways. It is therefore an employment opportunity and in fact a significant number of people from Halisahar work in the Railway workshop, Kanchrapara.

Railway Coach Factory[edit]

It was proposed in the railway budget of 2009 by Mamata Banerjee, then Railways Minister, that Halisahar would be getting a coach factory to meet the national demands for EMU/MEMUs and Metro Railway coaches. This coach factory is proposed to have state-of-the-art-facilities. Works concerning coach factories in Halisahar has already been started. Needless to say with upcoming coach factories this city of Halisahar is expected to become in parity with more economically advanced cities like Kolkata. In BJP govt. rail minister S Goura postpond the project. So no coach factory will be at Halisahar.

Notable people[edit]

Halisahar was abode of Sadhak Ramprasad Sen, a saint, devotee of Hindu Goddess Kali. One can find many ashrams here, the famous Nigamananda Asram is at Halisahar. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's Guru Griha is situated near 'Chaitannya Doba'. Both Rani Rashmoni and Sadhak Ramprasad Sen were born here. There is a tourist spot - the "Ramprasad Vita" which was the cottage of Sadhak Ramprasad, where he was born. Halisahar is also known as a birth land of freedom fighter Bipin Behari Ganguli. And there is a park named after him, Bipin Bihari Ganguly park, which was formerly known as Craig Park.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Halisahar Municipality Website". halisahar.org. 2014-05-20. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  2. ^ "District-wise list of statutory towns". Wbcensus.gov.in. 2008-09-27. Archived from the original on 2008-09-27. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  3. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metroploitan area". Kolkata Metroploitan Development Authority. Retrieved 2007-09-03. [dead link]
  4. ^ "India Earthquake zone map". Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.