Dakshineswar

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Dakshineswar
Dakhineswar
Neighbourhoods in Kolkata
Dakshineswar Kali Temple, built between 1847 and 1855
Dakshineswar Kali Temple, built between 1847 and 1855
Dakshineswar is located in Kolkata
Dakshineswar
Dakshineswar
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°39′20″N 88°21′28″E / 22.6554310°N 88.3578620°E / 22.6554310; 88.3578620Coordinates: 22°39′20″N 88°21′28″E / 22.6554310°N 88.3578620°E / 22.6554310; 88.3578620
Country  India
State West Bengal
City Kolkata
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 700076
Telephone code +91-33
For the Kali temple, see Dakshineswar Kali Temple

Dakshineswar (Bengali: দক্ষিনেশ্বর) is a town under Kamarhati Municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of the city Kolkata in West Bengal. Belgharia Police Station of Barrackpore Police is responsible for law and order at Dakshineswar.

Installation of the Dakshineswar Kali Temple[edit]

On 31 May 1855 Rani Rashmoni had the Kali temple[1] along with twelve Shiva temples & a Radha Krisna temple on a single premises installed on the occasion of the Hindu festival of Snanyatra. It was a luxurious and flamboyant occasion. Brahmins invited for the installation came from as far as Kanauj, Chattagram, Odisha, and Navadwip. Each of them was gifted a silk garment and a gold coin. Thousands of people gathered to witness the spectacle. At the time, nine lakh rupees were spent by the Rani for this occasion.

Claim to fame[edit]

Dakshineswar became the workplace for Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, the famous 19th century saint of India, also regarded as an incarnation of God on earth by many. For the upcoming years Dakshineswar would witness spectacular sadhana and unparalled asceticism by Ramakrishna. It would eventually draw numerous intellectual and aristocratic hindus from the nearby city of Calcutta which was the capital of British Empire at that time.

Ramakrishna formed around him a gathering of spiritual aspirants that condensed into later Ramakrishna Mission. His greatest disciple Vivekananda would proclaim the superiority of vedic culture over others which eventually gave rise to Bengali nationalism that intensely affected India as a whole.

Thus Dakshineswar could be counted as an important place of origin of the great socio religious renaissance of India.

There is also another famous temple in Dakshineswar - the Adyapeeth[2]

On the West bank of Hoogli River (almost across Dakshineswar), is Belur Math, the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Mission, an association founded by Swami Vivekananda in 1897.

Before the temple was built, the nawabs of Chitpur used to hunt tigers at Dakshineswar.[3]

Geography[edit]

Apartment buildings at D D Mondal Ghat Road, Dakshineswar

Dakshineshwar is located at 22°39′20″N 88°21′28″E / 22.6554310°N 88.3578620°E / 22.6554310; 88.3578620.

It is situated alongside the Vivekananda Setu, in the North 24 Parganas district, north of Calcutta, on the East bank of Hoogli River, is famous for its temples. Dakshineswar is 14 km from Sealdah on the Sealdah-Dankuni section of Eastern Railway[4]

Places of Interest[edit]

Dakshineswar is full of many religious places like maths & temples. Along with Dakshineswar Kali Temple & Adyapeath there are famous places like Sri Sri Sarada Math, Jogoda Satsanga Ashram, Balananda Ashram, Alambazar Math (near Dakshineswar) and many other temples. Adyapeath has a large area which is full of educational & charitable organizations. Two bridges Vivekananda Setu/Bally Bridge(Formerly Willingdon Bridge estd. 1932) and Nivedita Setu which connect Dakshineswar with the other side of the river (Bally) are famous establishments at Dakshineswar.

Nivedita Setu as seen from Bally Bridge

Healthcare[edit]

North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[5] There are some Hospitals & Nursing homes nearby. Ariadaha Hospital, Balananda Arogya Niketan, Sagar Dutta State General Hospital & Medical College, Midland Nursing Home, Zenith Super Specialty Hospital are some of them.

Transport at Dakshineswar[edit]

Dakshineswar is well connected to the main Kolkata city by both Rail and Roads. It is also well connected to various parts of Howrah and Hooghly district like Bally, Belur, Dhulagarh, Salap, Dankuni, Uttarpara etc. by road. Dakshineswar rail station is a part of Sealdah - Dankuni section. Many Mail & Express trains pass through here and most of them stop here. Metro Railway's existing line will reach Dakshineswar very soon as per Railway plans. Other transports like Buses, taxis, autos, rickshaws are also available here. There are several bus routes to reach Dakshineswar.

Dakshineshwar Station

Bus routes at Dakshineswar

Private Bus Routes[edit]

  • 3 Serampore - Baghbazar/Karunamoyee via BT Road, Shyambazar, Ultadanga, Karunamoyee
  • 26 Bonhooghly - Chapadanga via Dunlop, Dakshineshwar, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Delhi Road, Dankuni Station, Chanditala, Kalipur, Shiakhala
  • 32A Dakshineswar - Sector V via via Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Shyambazar, Khanna, Ultadanga, PNB More, CA Market, Laboni, Tank No.13, Tank No.12, Karunamayee, Tank No.10, Nicco Park, SDF, College More
  • 43/1 Ariadaha - Esplanade via Shyambazar, Hatibagan, Amherst Street, College Street, Bowbazar
  • 56 Sodepur-Ruiya - Howrah via Bally, Belure, Salkia, Liluah
  • 78E Dakshineswar - Barasat/Bangaon via Sodepur, Madhyamgram, Jessore Road
  • 79 Dunlop - Panchla via Bally Halt, Salap, Jangalpur, Dhulagarh, Ranihati

Mini Bus Routes[edit]

  • 158 Dakshineswar - Babughat via Baranagar, Shyambazar, Hatibagan, Amherst Street, College Street, Bowbazar, Dalhousie
  • 181 Ariadaha - Babughat via Baranagar, Shyambazar, Central Avenue, Lalbazar, Dalhousie

DN Series of Routes[edit]

  • DN2 Dakshineswar - Barasat via Ariadaha, Belgharia Station, Nimta, Tatkal, Pathanpur, Birati Station, M.B. Road, Birati More, Gouripur, Doltala, B.T. College, Madhyamgram
  • DN9 Dakshineswar - Barasat via Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Dum Dum Station, Hamuman Mandir, Motijheel College, Nagerbazar, Gorabazar, Airport, Birati, Ganganagar, Madhyamgram, Dakbungalow More, Champadali
  • DN9/1 Dakshineswar - Barasat via via Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Dum Dum Station, Hamuman Mandir, Motijheel College, Nagerbazar, Gorabazar, Airport, Birati, Gouripur, Doltala, Madhyamgram, Dakbungalow More, Champadali
  • DN40 Lauhati - Dakshineshwar via Rajarhat Chowmatha, Naipukur Kathgola, DeRozio College, Kalipark, Salua, Dashadrone, Phooltala, Atghara, Chinar Park, Lokenath Mandir, Jyangra, Baguihati, Kestopur, VIP Road, Ultadanga, Khanna, Shyambazar, Chiria More, Sinthee More, Bonhoogly, Dunlop
  • DN43 Dakshineswar - Barasat Checkpost via Dunlop, Belghoria, Sodepur, Ghola, Madhyamgram, Colony More, Moyna
  • DN44 Dakshineswar - Bangaon via Dunlop(Baranagar Road Station), Belgharia Expressway, Birati, Gouripur, Doltala, Madhyamgram, Dakbungalow More, Barasat Champadali, Kazipara, Bamungachi, Duttapukur, Bira, Guma, Ashoknagar, Habra, Gaighata, Chandpara
  • DN46 Dankuni Housing - Salt Lake Karunamayee via Delhi Road, Rajchandrapur, Bally Holt, Dakshineshwar, Dunlop (Baranagar Road Station), Belghoria Expressway, Airport, Kaikhali, Chinar Park, Narkelbagan, New Town, DLF More, Technopolis, College More, SDF, Nicco Park, Tank No.10

JM Series of Routes[edit]

  • JM1 Dhulagarh - Salt LakeKarunamayee via via Alampur, Ankurhati, Salap, Kona, Rajchandrapur, Bally Holt, Dakshineshwar, Dunlop (Baranagar Road Station), Belghoria Expressway, Airport, Kaikhali, Chinar Park, Narkelbagan, New Town, DLF More, Technopolis, College More, SDF, Nicco Park, Tank No.10
  • JM4 Dharsa - Narendrapur via Uttarpara, Ballykhal, Dakshineshwar, Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Shyambazar, E.M. Bypass, Chingrighata, Science City, Ruby Hospital, Kalikapur, Mukundapur, Ajoynagar, Patuli, Baishnabghata, Garia Bus Stand, Sitala Mandir, Mahamayatala, Pratapgarh, Kamalgazi

CSTC Bus Routes[edit]

  • 34 Ariadaha - Esplanade via Shyambazar, Central Avenue
  • S15G DakshineshwarBaruipur via Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Shyambazar, Khanna, Ultadanga, E.M. Bypass, Chingrighata, Science City, Ruby Hospital, Kalikapur, Mukundapur, Ajoynagar, Hiland Park, Patuli, Baishnabghata, Garia Bus Stand, Sitala Mandir, Mahamayatala, Pratapgarh, Kamalgazi, Rajpur, Narendrapur, Harinavi, Malancha, Gobindapur, Padmapukur
  • S17/1 Ariadaha - Chetla via Shyambazar, Central Avenue, Exide
  • ST23 Dankuni - Salt Lake Depot via Delhi Road, Rajchandrapur, Bally Holt, Dakshineshwar, Dunlop (Baranagar Road Station), Belghoria Expressway, Airport, Kaikhali, Chinar Park, Narkelbagan, New Town, DLF More, Technopolis, College More, SDF, Nicco Park
  • Dumdum Station - Dankuni via Dunlop, Bally Halt
  • AC9A Dakshineshwar - Golf Green via Shyambazar, Central Avenue, Esplanade, Rasbehari, Gariahat, Jadavpur P.S., South City

CTC Bus Routes[edit]

  • C23 Park Circus - Dankuni Housing Estate via Bridge No.4, Topsia, Science City, Chingrighata, Nicco Park, SDF, College More, Technopolis, DLF More, New Town, Narkelbagan, Chinar Park, Kaikhali, Airport, Belghoria Expressway, Dunlop (Baranagar Road Station), Dakshineshwar, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Delhi Road

MM Series of Routes[edit]

  • MM3 Duttapukur - Dakshineswar via Santoshpur, Wireless Gate, Kalyani Expressway, Muragachha, Sodepur, Dunlop

K Series of Routes[edit]

WBSTC Franchisee Bus Routes[edit]

  • Dakshineswar - Naktala via Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Shyambazar, Khanna, Ultadanga, E.M. Bypass, Chingrighata, Science City, Ruby Hospital, Kalikapur, Mukundapur, Ajoynagar, Hiland Park, Patuli, Baishnabghata, Garia Bus Stand
  • Dakshineswar - Amtala via Shyambazar, Park Circus, AJC Bose Flyover, Alipore, Behala
  • Dhulagarh - Barasat via Alampur, Ankurhati, Salap, Kona, Rajchandrapur, Bally Holt, Dakshineshwar, Dunlop, Rathtala, Belghoria, Kamarhati, Sodepur, Ghola, Madhyamgram Station, Dakbungalow More, Champadali
  • DankuniKamalgazi via Delhi Road, Rajchandrapur, Bally Halt, Dakshineshwar, Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Shyambazar, Khanna, Ultadanga, E.M. Bypass, Chingrighata, Science City, Ruby Hospital, Kalikapur, Mukundapur, Ajoynagar, Hiland Park, Patuli, Baishnabghata, Garia Bus Stand, Sitala Mandir, Mahamayatala, Pratapgarh

STA Bus Routes[edit]

  • BarasatKamalpur via Champadali, Colony More, Jagannathpur, Nilgunge, Wireless More, Barasat University (Kazibari), Barrackpore Station, Talpukur, Khardah, Titagarh, Sodepur, Kamarhati, Belghoria, Rathtala, Dunlop, Dakshineshwar, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Kona, Salap, Ankurhati, Alampur, Dhulagarh, Ranihati, Panchla, Uluberia, Birshibpur, Kulgachia, Bagnan, 58 Gate, Shyampur
  • BarasatBagnan via Champadali, Dakbungalow More, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Doltala, B.T. College, Gouripur, Birati, Airport, Belghoria Expressway, Dunlop (Baranagar Road Station), Dakshineshwar, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Kona, Salap, Ankurhati, Alampur, Dhulagarh, Ranihati, Panchla, Uluberia, Nimdighi, Kulgachia
  • Haroa - Dankuni via Pirnagar, Shyamnagar, Vedic Village, Lauhati, Rajarhat Chowmatha, Naipukur Kathgola, DeRozio College, Kalipark, Salua, Dashadrone, Phooltala, Atghara, Chinar Park, Lokenath Mandir, Jyangra, Baguihati, Kestopur, VIP Road, Ultadanga, Khanna, Shyambazar, Chiria More, Sinthee More, Bonhoogly, Dunlop, Dakshineshwar, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Delhi Road

Bus Routes without Numbers[edit]

  • Barrackpore - Salap via Bally Halt, Dunlop, Sodepur, Barrackpore
  • Dankuni - Nagerbazar/Nicco Park via Nagerbazar, Laketown
  • Dankuni - Newtown via Shyambazar, Ultadanga, Salt Lake
  • Dakshineshwar - Sapoorji Estate via Belghoria Expressway, Airport, Kaikhali, Chinar Park, New Town
  • Mourigram - Barrackpore via Andul, Alampur, Bally Halt, Dunlop, Sodepore
  • Belur Math - Garia Station via via Lalbaba College, Bally P.S., Badamtala, Ballykhal, , Dakshineshwar, Dunlop, Bonhoogly, Sinthee More, Chiria More, Shyambazar, Khanna, Ultadanga, E.M. Bypass, Chingrighata, Science City, Ruby Hospital, Kalikapur, Mukundapur, Ajoynagar, Hiland Park, Patuli, Dhalai Bridge, Balia More
  • Belur Math - Golpark (Now running till Mullick Bazar) via Shyambazar, Rajabazar, Moulali
  • Thakurnagar - Alampur via Gaighata, Habra, Ashoknagar, Guma, Bira, Duttapukur, Bamungachi, Barasat Champadali, Dakbungalow More, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Doltala, B.T. College, Gouripur, Birati, Airport, Belghoria Expressway, Dunlop (Baranagar Road Station), Dakshineshwar, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Kona, Salap, Santragachi, Mandirtala, Danesh Shekh Lane, Botanical Garden New Gate, Bakultala, Hanskhalipool, West Bank Hospital, Mourigram, Andul

Educational Institutions[edit]

There are several Educational Institutions at & near Dakshineswar.

  • Dakshineswar High School
  • Bharati Bhawan Girls High School
  • Dakshineswar Sri Sri Sarada Devi Balika Vidyamandir
  • Dakshineswar Adyapeath Manikuntala Balika Vidyalaya
  • Hiralal Mazumdar Memorial College for Women
  • Ariadaha Kalachand High School
  • Ariadaha Girls School
  • Adyapeath Balakashram
  • Adyapeath Balikashram
  • Ariadaha Sarbamangala Girls High School
  • Adamas International School
  • Ariadaha Ramananda Charity Vidyalaya
  • Sri Sarada Math Rasik Bhita
  • Khalsa Model Senior Secondary School
  • Central Modern School
  • Bhairab Ganguly College
  • NIMAS Institute
  • DPS North

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dakshineswar Kali Temple official website
  2. ^ Adyapeeth.
  3. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, p807, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  4. ^ Eastern Railway time table.
  5. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 

External links[edit]