|• Municipality Chairperson||Aditi Kundu |
|• Official||Bengali, English[verification needed]|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Srirampur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Uttarpara|
It is a town of historical importance. Uttarpara is home to some of the biggest industrial setups in the state. It has the United Spirits Distilliery, Shalimar Wire Products, Hindustan Motors which was the only vehicle plant in West Bengal which manufactured the car Ambassador.
Uttarpara is located at Ganges, it is just across the Dakshineswar Kali Temple. There is a man-made canal name "Balli Khal" that clearly marks the boundary between Uttarpara and the adjoining Howrah District., within 10 km from Kolkata, the capital of the state of West Bengal. It has an average elevation of 15 metres (52 feet). Located at the south-eastern tip of the Hooghly District, on the banks of the river
Uttarpara remains firmly locked with its history through the hymn of Satya-Narayan Puja in Bengali.
- "Gangaar Paschim Kul, Varanasi Samatul, Taar Madhya Uttam Uttarpara Gram, Sabarna Choudhury Dwija Narayan Naam..."
- (in English, "Uttarpara is located on west bank of the Ganges, just as Varanasi. It was set up by the descendants of Sabarna Choudhury...")
Atul Krishna Ray, in his book Lakshmikanta: A Chapter In The Social History Of Bengal (1928) has written that Ratneshwar Roy Choudhury (1670–1720) belonged to the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family of Barisha-Behala. In 1709 Ratneshwar had purchased Chakbali tract from Sheoraphuli fiefdom of Manohar Roy. Since it was on the north of Chakbali, the place was called Uttarpara. He is the fourth generation in the family of Lakshmikanta, who was awarded the titles of "Roy" and "Choudhury" by Mughal Emperor Jahangir. The entire Kolkata of today and the adjacent Sundarbans belonged to the Sabarna Choudhury family. Lakshmikanta's father, Kamdev Brahmachari, who had become a saint and resided at Varanasi, had expressed that a piece of tract be bought by the family on the same side of the Ganges as that of Varanasi. The Kalighat Kali Temple was installed by Kamdev Brahmachari. Lakhmikanta was the great grandson of Panchanan Gangopadhyay, who had joined Emperor Humayun's Afghan cavalry and raised a haveli for which the place was called Havei Shahar, now Halisahar.
Amarnath Bandyopadhyay, in his book Bangsha Parichay (1911), has detailed all the Brahmin and Kayastha families of the then Uttarpara. It contains genealogy of each and every family. Sabarna Choudhury Paribar Parishad of Barisha-Behala has copies of both the above books. Ootarpara, in those days was marshland — bereft of decent human settlement. Only fishermen of Patni, Malo castes and a few Muslims lived there. Their trade was fishing, marketing fishing equipments, ferry service and dacoity. Ratneshwar cleared the entire area and developed it as a progressive town.
The compulsion of Kaulinya system made Ratneswar, who was a non-Kulin Brahmin, to bring Kulin Brahmin families for matrimony. Gradually, many Brahmin families like Durga Charan Banerjee, Ramtanu Chatterjee, Ramnidhi Chatterjee, Nandaram Mukherjee etc. migrated and settled at Ootarpara through matrimonial relation with descendants of Ratneswar Roychoudhury. Many of these families afterwards took leading role in intellectual and spiritual development of Uttarpara. It is not known how and when 'Ootarpara' became Uttarpara. Jaykrisna Mukherjee, one of the renowned Zamindars of that time belonged to this historic town. He and his family members (Mukhopadhayy Bangso) are said to be one of the founders of modern Uttarpara. Jaykrisna Mukherjee a big lover of education and it was he who founded the famous Jaykrisna library (India's largest reference library). He paid a great attention towards female education and founded a school for the women which is still active.
Joykrishna Mukherjee was the first person to sign a mass petition for enactment of a law for widow marriage (Bidhoba Bibaha). A part of the Joykrishna library was opened for the famous poet Michael Madhusudan Dutta during his last few years.Every year in the month of January a classical concert is organised by the Sangeet Chakra where many famous classical maestros perform.
As of 2001[update] India census, Uttarpara Kotrung had a population of 150,204. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Uttarpara Kotrung has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 76%. In Uttarpara Kotrung, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Uttarpara is well connected by road and rail. There is a railway station at Uttarpara that connects Uttarpara with Howrah via the main line axis which connects the metropolis of Kolkata with the rest of India. At Bally, just a kilometre off, three major railway lines converge. The historically famed and the nation's prime road artery, the Grand Trunk Road passes through Uttarpara. Central Kolkata (Esplanade) is just 14 km away from Uttarpara. Presently, Uttarpara is better described as a suburb of Kolkata. Majority of its population goes to Kolkata for work.
The two adjacent stations to Uttarpara are Hindmotor and Bally.
Uttarpara boasts of a rich cultural heritage. Philanthropic zamindar of Bengal, Sri Joy Krishna Mookherjee, who was related to the family of founder Ratneshwar through marriage, contributed towards establishment of library, a public hospital and a school. The town once boasted of sylvan peace, beautiful buildings, epitome of great architectural works and steeped in cultural heritage. But, that is fast giving way to flats and modern apartment buildings to accommodate the ever increasing populace. Bengali poet Michael Madhusudan Dutt spent his last days in Uttarpara Joykrishna Library.
In 1909, Aurobindo Ghosh gave his last political speech before leaving for Pondicherry to embrace monkhood. This speech, known as 'Uttarpara Speech', is a valuable work for understanding Hinduism and Sanatan dharma by Sri Aurobindo.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose also came to Uttarpara once and gave his political speech. A heritage building is under renovation process to keep the memory of this great freedom fighter.
The Hungry Generation literary movement which changed the course of Bengali creative literature, was started by two brothers, Malay Roy Choudhury and Samir Roychoudhury, descendants of the founder of Uttarpara, Ratneshwar Roychoudhury. The literary movement had its meetings in their ancestral home Sabarna Villa on Choudhury Para Street, which was visited by such literary stalwarts as Sunil Gangopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay and many others.
The first professional Indian photographer-artist Lakshminarayan Roychoudhury who learned photography in the 1880s from John Lockwood Kipling in Lahore was a descendant of Ratneshwar Roychoudhury and grandfather of Malay Roy Choudhury and Samir Roychoudhury.
- Raja Peary Mohan College
- Uttarpara Govt. High School
- Uttarpara Amarendra Vidyapith (Boys')
- Uttarpara Amarendra Vidyapith (Girls')
- Uttarpara Union High School (Boys')
- Uttarpara Girls' School
- Makhla Deviswari Vidya Niketan
- Bhadrakali High School
- Uttarpara Children's Own Home
- Pearls Of God, Hindmotor (Nursery to Class XII, CISCE)
- Swami Niswambalananda Girls' College
- Blue Star Academy (Netaji Subhas Road Uttarpara)
- Vision International School at Makhla
- Indira Gandhi Memorial Academy at Makhla (Class I to X)
- Vision International
- Dreamland School
- Little Flowers' High School(Class L.N to X)
- Uttarpara Model School (H. S.)
- Hind Motor High School
- Hind Motor Education Center
- Bhupendra Sriti Vidyalaya
- Pramoda Charan Banerji, judge in the Allahabad High Court
- Amarendra Chatterjee, freedom fighter
- Malay Roy Choudhury, founder of Hungry generation Movement
- Joykrishna Mookherjee
- Samir Roychoudhury member of Krittibas group and co-founder of the "Hungryalist" movement
- Tapan Sinha, Indal Union Leader
- The Telegraph 19 June 2005
- "Base Map of Kolkata Metroploitan area". Kolkata Metroploitan Development Authority. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Hindustan Motors website
- The Statesman 25 August 2006.
- The Statesman 26 August 2006
- Uttarpara Joykrishna Library
- A page from intyoga.online.fr
- Website of Uttarpara Municipality
- Website of Uttarpara
- Uttarpara Govt. High School
- Website of Raja Peary Mohan College (Uttarpara College)
- Website of Uttarpara Amarendra Vidyapith(Boys)
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