List of national capitals by population

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This is a list of national capitals, ordered according to population. Capitals of dependent territories and disputed territories are marked in italics. The population statistics given refer only to the official capital area, and do not include the wider metropolitan/urban district.

List[edit]

Beijing, China
New Delhi, India
Tokyo, Japan
Manila, Philippines
Jakarta, Indonesia
London, United Kingdom
Lima, Peru
Berlin, Germany
Kyiv, Ukraine
Brasilia, Brazil
Luanda, Angola
Pretoria, South Africa
Paris, France
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Stockholm, Sweden
Bucharest, Romania
Baku, Azerbaijan
Budapest, Hungary
Warsaw, Poland
Minsk, Belarus
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Brussels, Belgium & EU Capital
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Jerusalem, Israel
Kingston, Jamaica
(Washington) District of Columbia, United States
Asuncion, Paraguay
Riga, Latvia
Helsinki, Finland
Vilnius, Lithuania
Tallinn, Estonia
Nicosia, Cyprus
Rank Country/Territory Capital Population Year Percent of Population
1  China Beijing 20,693,000[1] 2012 1.52%
2  India New Delhi 16,787,949[2] 2014 0.90%
3  Japan Tokyo 13,189,000[3] 2011 10.32%
4  Philippines Manila 12,877,253[4] 2015 12.44%
5  Russia Moscow 11,541,000[5] 2011 8.07%
6  Egypt Cairo 10,230,350 2012 11.10%
7  Indonesia Jakarta 10,187,595[6] 2011 4.18%
8  Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 10,125,000[7] 2012 12.30%
9  South Korea Seoul 9,989,795[8] 2015 20.47%
10  Bangladesh Dhaka 8,906,000 [9] 2011 5.56%
11  Mexico Mexico City 8,851,080[10] 2010 7.51%
12  Iran Tehran 8,846,782 2014 9.91%
13  United Kingdom London 8,630,100[11] 2015 13.25%
14  Peru Lima 8,481,415[12] 2012 28.29%
15  Thailand Bangkok 8,249,117[13] 2010 12.42%
16  Colombia Bogotá 7,613,303[14] 2011 16.17%
17  Vietnam Hanoi 7,587,800[15] 2014 8.22%
18  Hong Kong (China) Hong Kong 7,298,600[16] 2015 100%
19  Iraq Baghdad 7,216,040[17] 21.59%
20  Singapore Singapore 5,535,000[18] 2015 100%
21  Turkey Ankara 5,150,072 2014 6.72%
22  Chile Santiago 5,084,038[19] 2012 29.12%
23  Saudi Arabia Riyadh 4,878,723[20] 2009 18.20%
24  Germany Berlin 3,520,000[21] 2012 4.38%
25  Syria Damascus 3,500,000 15.32%
26  Algeria Algiers 3,415,811 8.45%
27  Spain Madrid 3,233,527[22] 2012 6.84%
28  North Korea Pyongyang 3,144,005 12.63%
29  Afghanistan Kabul 3,140,853 10.28%
30  Kenya Nairobi 3,138,369 2010 7.67%
31  Greece Athens 3,090,508 28.02%
32  Ethiopia Addis Ababa 3,040,740[23] 2012 3.31%
33  Argentina Buenos Aires 2,891,082[24] 2010 7.16%
34  Italy Rome 2,868,104[25] 2014 4.72%
35  Ukraine Kiev 2,847,200[26] 2013 6.26%
36  Cameroon Yaoundé 2,765,568 [27] 2015 11.65%
37  Taiwan Taipei 2,686,516[28] 2013 11.53%
38  Brazil Brasília 2,648,532[29] 2012 1.33%
39  Jordan Amman 2,600,603 40.26%
40  Angola Luanda 2,453,779 11.43%
41  South Africa Pretoria 2,345,908 4.43%
42  France Paris 2,241,346[30] 2014 3.38%
43  Uzbekistan Tashkent 2,207,850 7.30%
44  Azerbaijan Baku 2,204,200[31] 2015 22.96%
45  Sweden Stockholm 1,856,475[32] 2014 22.33%
46  Cuba Havana 2,135,498[33] 2010 18.93%
47  Cambodia Phnom Penh 2,011,725 13.29%
48  Romania Bucharest 1,942,254[34] 9.73%
49  Venezuela Caracas 1,838,939 6.05%
50  Morocco Rabat 1,789,635 5.42%
51  Austria Vienna 1,749,673[35] 2013 20.65%
52  Sudan Khartoum 1,740,661 4.59%
53  Hungary Budapest 1,729,040[36] 2011 17.34%
54  Poland Warsaw 1,711,324[37] 2012 4.42%
55  Belarus Minsk 1,702,061 17.98%
56  Uganda Kampala 1,659,600 4.42%
56  Ghana Accra 1,640,507 6.33%
57  Madagascar Antananarivo 1,613,375[38][unreliable source?] 7.04%
58  Lebanon Beirut 1,574,387 35.25%
60  Ecuador Quito 1,504,991 9.65%
61  Zimbabwe Harare 1,487,028 10.51%
62  Qatar Doha 1,450,000 66.85%
63  Yemen Sana'a 1,431,649 5.87%
64  Guinea Conakry 1,399,981 11.91%
65  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1,381,830 4.65%
66  Uruguay Montevideo 1,369,797 40.21%
67  Zambia Lusaka 1,331,254 9.16%
68  Mali Bamako 1,289,626 8.43%
69  Czech Republic Prague 1,241,664[39] 2011 11.83%
70  Haiti Port-au-Prince 1,235,227 11.97%
71  Libya Tripoli 1,184,045 19.09%
72  Kuwait Kuwait City 1,171,880 34.78%
73  Serbia Belgrade 1,154,589 16.12%
74  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 1,111,838[40] 2010 11.10%
75  Somalia Mogadishu 1,097,133 10.45%
76  Bulgaria Sofia 1,090,295 15.02%
77  Congo Brazzaville 1,088,044 1.61%
78  Belgium Brussels 1,080,790[41] 9.65%
79  Armenia Yerevan 1,080,487[38][unreliable source?] 36.29%
80  Mozambique Maputo 1,076,689 4.17%
81  Sierra Leone Freetown 1,070,200 17.57%
82  Ireland Dublin 1,045,769 22.76%
83  Georgia Tbilisi 1,044,993 23.34%
84  Senegal Dakar 1,030,594 7.29%
85  Guatemala Guatemala City 1,022,000 2001 8.90%
86  Liberia Monrovia 1,010,970 23.54%
87  Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 1,005,231 5.94%
88    Nepal Kathmandu 1,003,285 2011[42] 3.69%
89  Pakistan Islamabad 955,629 0.48%
90  Nicaragua Managua 926,883 15.24%
91  Myanmar Naypyidaw[44] 925,000[45] 1.74%
92  Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 907,802 31.98%
93  Malawi Lilongwe 902,388 5.52%
94  Canada Ottawa 898,150[46] 2.55%
95  Bolivia La Paz 877,363 8.22%
96  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 843,240 14.74%
97  Kazakhstan Astana 835,153 2014 4.79%
98  Togo Lomé 824,738 12.10%
99  Panama Panama City 813,097 21.04%
100  Netherlands Amsterdam 810,909[47] 4.83%
101  Croatia Zagreb 804,200[48] 18.91%
102  Oman Muscat 797,000[49] 21.94%
103  Niger Niamey 794,814[47] 4.46%
104  Moldova Chişinău 794,800 [50] 22.33%
105  Israel Jerusalem[51] 780,200[52] 9.68%
106  Nigeria Abuja 778,567 [53] 0.45%
107  Albania Tirana 763,634 27.53%
108  Tunisia Tunis 767,629 7.05%
109  Turkmenistan Ashgabat 763,537 14.57%
110  Chad N'Djamena 751,288 5.86%
111  Honduras Tegucigalpa 735,982 9.09%
112  Central African Republic Bangui 731,548 14.79%
113  Mauritania Nouakchott 719,167 18.49%
114  Rwanda Kigali 718,414 6.10%
115  Latvia Riga 713,016 35.42%
116  Jamaica Kingston 701,063 25.82%
118  United States Washington, D.C. 658,893 2014 0.21%
119  Norway Oslo 645,701[54] 2013 12.70%
120  Finland Helsinki 635,591[55] 2016 11.55%
121  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 585,097[56] 6.27%
122  Tajikistan Dushanbe 582,496 7.10%
123  Portugal Lisbon 564,657 5.40%
124  Denmark Copenhagen 562,253 10.02%
125  Lithuania Vilnius 556,723 18.83%
126  Gabon Libreville 556,425 33.28%
127  Eritrea Asmara 1,258,001 5.20%
128  El Salvador San Salvador 521,366 8.22%
129  Paraguay Asunción 520,722 7.66%
130  Macau (China) Macau 520,400[57] 100%
131  Scotland Edinburgh 492,680 9.30%
132  Djibouti Djibouti (city) 475,332 54.45%
133  Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro 454,929 2.24%
134  Guinea-Bissau Bissau 452,640 26.56%
135  Estonia Tallinn 440,206[58] 33.22%
136  Slovakia Bratislava 424,207 7.84%
137  Puerto Rico (US) San Juan 421,356 ---
138  New Zealand Wellington 405,000 2015[59] 8.66%
139  Burundi Bujumbura 384,461[60] 3.78%
140  Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 383,604 10.02%
141  South Sudan Juba 372,410 3.30%
141  Australia Canberra 354,644[61] 1.53%
142  Wales Cardiff 346,100 11.30%
143  Northern Ireland Belfast 333,871 18.44%
144  Costa Rica San José 328,195 6.74%
145  Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 299,396[62][unreliable source?] 4.09%
146  Laos Vientiane 287,579 4.25%
147  Tanzania Dodoma 287,200 2002 est.[63] 0.80%
148  Lesotho Maseru 267,652[62] 12.91%
149  Cyprus Nicosia (south) 270,000 late 2004[64] 26.57%
150  Slovenia Ljubljana 280,140 13.60%
151  Suriname Paramaribo 254,147 47.13%
152  Namibia Windhoek 252,721 10.97%
153  Bahamas Nassau 248,948 65.97%
154  Botswana Gaborone 225,656[65] 11.17%
155  Benin Porto-Novo 223,552 [66] 2.17%
156  Kosovo Prishtina 198,214 ---
157  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic El Aaiún (claimed)
Tifariti (factual)
194,668
3,000 [67]

2009
---
158  Transnistria Tiraspol 159,163 ---
159  Mauritius Port Louis 147,251[68] 12.28%
160  Montenegro Podgorica 141,854 22.83%
161  Bahrain Manama 140,616 10.56%
162  Guyana Georgetown 134,599 16.83%
163  Cape Verde Praia 125,464 25.15%
164   Switzerland Berne (de facto) 121,631 [69] 1.51%
165  Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte 118,556[70] 0.58%
166  Iceland Reykjavík 115,000[71] 35.60%
167  Barbados Bridgetown 110,000 39.06%
168  Maldives Malé 103,693 30.05%
169  Bhutan Thimphu 101,259 [70] 13.43%
170  Equatorial Guinea Malabo 100,677 [72] 13.30%
171  New Caledonia (France) Nouméa 89,207[73] ---
172  Northern Cyprus Nicosia (north) 84,893 ---
173  Fiji Suva 84,410[73] 9.58%
174  Swaziland Mbabane 81,594 6.53%
175  Luxembourg Luxembourg 76,420[74] 14.07%
176  Saint Lucia Castries 70,000[75] 38.40%
177  Northern Mariana Islands (USA) Saipan 62,392 (2000)[76] ---
178  Comoros Moroni 60,200 8.19%
179  Solomon Islands Honiara 59,288[73] 10.56%
180  East Timor Dili 59,069 5.01%
181  São Tomé and Príncipe Sao Tome 56,166 29.10%
182  American Samoa (USA) Pago Pago 52,000 (2003)[77] ---
183  Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 50,479 3.76%
184  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Stepanakert 49,986 ---
185  Curaçao (Netherlands) Willemstad 49,885 [78] ---
186  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 40,020 36.59%
187  Samoa Apia 39,813[79] 20.91%
188  Vanuatu Port Vila 38,000 [80] 15.03%
189  Monaco Monaco 35,986 (2011 est.)[81] ---
190  Gambia Banjul 34,828 1.88%
191  Kiribati Tarawa 30,000[82] 29.31%
192  Aruba (Netherlands) Oranjestad 29,998[83] ---
193  Seychelles Victoria 29,298 32.86%
194  Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar 29,286 ---
195  Jersey (UK) Saint Helier 28,380 ---
196  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 28,135 6.73%
197  Cayman Islands (UK) George Town 26,798 ---
198  Isle of Man (UK) Douglas 26,600 ---
199  French Polynesia (France) Papeete 26,200 [84] ---
200  West Bank (Israel/PNA) Ramallah (de facto) 25,500[85] ---
201  Marshall Islands Majuro 25,400 48.26%
202  Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,884 28.89%
203  Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 22,679[86] 25.20%
204  Tonga Nukuʻalofa 22,400 21.27%
205  Faroe Islands (Denmark) Tórshavn 18,573 [87] ---
206  Guernsey (UK) St. Peter Port 16,701 ---
207  Belize Belmopan 16,451[88] 4.96%
208  Greenland (Denmark) Nuuk (Godthåb) 15,469 ---
209  Dominica Roseau 14,847 [89] 20.62%
210  Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 13,043 24.07%
211  Åland (Finland) Mariehamn 11,296 [90] ---
212  United States Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie 10,817 ---
213  Federated States of Micronesia Palikir 9,900 9.56%
214  British Virgin Islands (UK) Road Town 9,400 ---
215  Grenada St. George's 7,500 7.08%
216  Malta Valletta 6,444[91] 2014 1.45%
217  Saint Barthélemy (France) Gustavia 6,000 ---
218  Collectivity of Saint Martin (France) Marigot 5,700 ---
219  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) Saint-Pierre 5,509 ---
220  Cook Islands (NZ) Avarua 5,445 ---
221  Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,248 14.21%
222  San Marino City of San Marino 4,493 ---
223  Tuvalu Funafuti 4,492 45.48%
224  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town 3,700 ---
225  Falkland Islands (UK) Stanley 2,115 [92] ---
226  Svalbard (Norway) Longyearbyen 2,075 ---
227  Christmas Island (Australia) Flying Fish Cove 1,493 [93] ---
228  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) Philipsburg 1,338 ---
229  Wallis and Futuna (France) Mata-Utu 1,191 ---
230  Anguilla (UK) The Valley 1,169 ---
231  Nauru Yaren (de facto) 1,100[94] 10.91%
232  Guam (US) Hagåtña 1,100 ---
233  Montserrat (UK) Brades (de facto) 391 ---
234  Bermuda (UK) Hamilton 1,010 ---
235  Norfolk Island (Australia) Kingston 880 [95][unreliable source?] ---
236   Vatican City Vatican City (city-state) 826 (2009 est.)[96] ---
237  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) Jamestown 714 ---
238  Niue (NZ) Alofi 616 ---
239  Tokelau (NZ) Atafu 524 ---
240  Palau Ngerulmud 391 1.87%
241  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) West Island 120 ---
242  Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown 56 ---
243  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) King Edward Point 18 ---

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

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  2. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
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  13. ^ "Table 1: Number of population and sex ratio (males per 100 females) by region, province and area" (PDF). National Statistics Office of the Kingdom of Thailand. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  14. ^ "Reloj de Poblacion" (in Spanish). secretaria distrital de planeacion (SDP). Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  15. ^ VnExpress – Ha Noi co 3,4 trieu nguoi Also aligns with who.int figure.
  16. ^ "Hong Kong Statistics". Census and Statistics Department. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  17. ^ Estimates of total population differ substantially. The Encyclopædia Britannica gives a 2001 population of 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population of 7,216,040 in 2011.
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  27. ^ https://www.populationdata.net/pays/cameroun/
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  29. ^ "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2012" (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
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  31. ^ Bölmə 2: Demoqrafik göstəricilər, səhifə 89. // Azərbaycanın Statistik Göstəriciləri 2015 (statistik məcmuə). Müəllifi: Azərbaycan Respublikası Dövlət Statistika Komitəsi. Məcmuənin ümumi rəhbəri: Həmid Bağırov; Məcmuənin hazırlanması üçün məsul şəxs: Rafael Süleymanov. Bakı — 2015, 814 səhifə.
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  42. ^ http://cbs.gov.np/image/data/Publication/Statistical%20Year%20book%202013_SS/Statistical-Year-book-2013_SS.pdf
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  51. ^ The Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel" and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. The United Nations and most countries do not accept the Jerusalem Law (see Kellerman 1993, p. 140) and maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya (see the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel) The Palestinian Authority sees East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state and the city's final status awaits future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (see "Negotiating Jerusalem", University of Maryland Archived 2006-05-14 at the Wayback Machine.). See Positions on Jerusalem for more information.
  52. ^ "Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-12-31. Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
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  57. ^ http://www.dsec.gov.mo/index.asp?src=/english/indicator/e_dem_indicator_1.html
  58. ^ http://www.tallinn.ee/est/Tallinna-elanike-arv
  59. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2016 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  60. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_04.html
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Bibliography[edit]

  • Kellerman, Aharon (1993). Society and Settlement: Jewish Land of Israel in the Twentieth Century. State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-1295-4.