London Buses route 106

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106
London bus 106 Whitechapel.jpg
Overview
Operator Arriva London
Garage Ash Grove (AE)
Vehicle VDL DB300 10.4m / Wright Gemini 2
Peak vehicle requirement 17
Night-time none
Route
Start Finsbury Park bus station
Via Stoke Newington
Clapton
Hackney
End Whitechapel
Length 6 miles (9.7 km)
Service
Level Daily
Frequency 8-12 minutes
Journey time 29-55 minutes
Operates 03:54 until 01:49

London Buses route 106 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Finsbury Park bus station and Whitechapel, it is operated by Arriva London.

History[edit]

Route 106 origins can be traced back to 19 August 1912 when two new routes were introduced which were later to become the foundation of route 106. Route 87 ran daily between Muswell Hill and Highgate via Colney Hatch Lane, Muswell Hill Broadway, Fortis Green Road, High Road East Finchley and Archway Road. Route 88 ran daily between Finsbury Park station and Clapton Pond via Blackstock Road, Brownswood Road, Lordship Park, Northwold Road, and Upper Clapton Road. Both routes were London Underground "feeder routes", opening up previously un-served areas as well as giving connections to the Underground system.

In December 1912, routes 87 and 88 were combined to under the route number 87 between Muswell Hill and Clapton Pond via Archway, Holloway Road, Nag's Head, Seven Sisters Road and Blackstock Road. In the summer of 1913, route 87 was withdrawn on Sundays between Finsbury Park and Clapton Pond, being replaced on by route 111, Finsbury Park to Epping Forest (High Beach) via Clapton, Lea Bridge Road, Whipps Cross and Woodford. This route also ran on certain weekdays during the summer.

Route 87 was withdrawn completely on 28 March 1914, being replaced in a complicated new scheme, by two new routes, 106 running Friern Barnet and Highgate on Sundays and between Muswell Hill (Colney Hatch Lane) and Leytonstone on Monday to Saturday, via Muswell Hill Broadway, Fortis Green Road, Archway Road, Nag's Head, Seven Sisters Road, Blackstock Road, Stoke Newington, Upper Clapton Road, Lea Bridge Road, Church Road, Vicarage Road, Leyton High Road, Hainault Road, Leytonstone Station to Leytonstone. The Sunday service between Finsbury Park and Clapton being covered by new Saturday and Sunday route 157 Camden Town to Epping Forest. This was the third time that the route number 106 had been used in London.

Probably due to confusion over the routing of the 106, a new Sunday route 106A was introduced on 26 April 1914 between Friern Barnet and Clapton Pond. A month later on 25 May 1914, the extension of route 106 from Clapton to Leytonstone was also withdrawn. On the outbreak of War at the beginning of August 1914, many London bus routes were withdrawn, as buses were requisitioned for use by the army. Route 106 was withdrawn on Sundays after service on 9 August 1914. On 31 October, it was further reduced, being withdrawn between Colney Hatch Lane and Finsbury Park, route 106A was also withdrawn at this time, leaving the route as a Monday to Saturday route 106 between Finsbury Park and Clapton Pond. More wartime economies led to the route being totally withdrawn as from 30 January 1915 being covered by an extended route 56, which now ran Finsbury Park to Millwall Docks (Isle of Dogs).

On 15 March 1915, route 106 was re-instated and now also took over part of route 56, which had so recently covered it. Route 106 now ran daily from Finsbury Park station to Poplar (Blackwall Tunnel) via the old routing to Clapton then via Hackney, Mare Street, Grove Road, Burdett Road, St Paul's Road and East India Dock Road. Route 56 was cut back to run Mile End station - Millwall Docks. But from June to November 1915, the 106 was again cut back on Sundays to terminate at Clapton Pond. After this period of instability the 106 now settled down to become a very stable daily operation between Finsbury Park and Poplar (Blackwall Tunnel).

On 19 September 1928, the route was extended from Poplar to Becontree via the East Ham & Barking By-Pass, which had been constructed and opened to traffic two years earlier.

106 Group Routes as from 19 September 1928: 106 Finsbury Park - Becontree, 106A Finsbury Park - Poplar. In the summer of 1929, the route was extended on Summer Sundays to Upminster, which necessitated another revision of the suffixes. The 106B became the main daily route, Finsbury Park - Becontree, 106A daily Finsbury Park - Poplar, The plain 106 working Finsbury Park - Upminster on Summer Sundays only.

On 3 October 1934, the newly constituted London Passenger Transport Board instituted its own numbering system, which generally re-instated the situation previous to December 1924. As the 106 had disappeared by this time, the 106A and 106B were renumbered plain 106 running daily Finsbury Park Station to Becontree (Chittys Lane). There was also a supplementary Monday to Saturday service between Finsbury Park Station - Canning Town - Victoria Dock via Silvertown Way which was also numbered plain 106. This service became daily from 27 February 1935.

As a tram replacement measure, as from 17 February 1937 a service was provided daily to West Ham Stadium. These journeys were withdrawn during the war and as a wartime economy, the 106 was also withdrawn evenings between Mile End station and Becontree from November 1939 until early 1940. The supplementary service to Victoria Dock was also withdrawn after service on 22 July 1941. On 30 April 1958, route 106 was diverted at Becontree via Becontree Avenue.

From 26 November 1958, the Sunday service on the 106 was re-routed to Dagenham (New Road) as route 106A, replacing routes 106 and 175 on Sundays. This pattern of services remained stable until 1971, apart from a small diversion of the 106 and 106A along Burdett Road in connection with the introduction of Trolleybus replacement route 277 on 15 April 1959.

From the 1960s onwards, bus services in London were continually reviewed as passenger numbers declined. The Sunday service along the East Ham & Barking By-Pass was considered to be surplus to requirements and was withdrawn in a scheme starting 16 January 1971. The 106 was re-introduced on Sundays, but was cut back to terminate daily at Poplar (Blackwall Tunne]). It was replaced between Barking and Becontree by new route 156. The 175 was increased on Mondays to Saturdays and the 106A was withdrawn.

On 12 August 1972, the route was converted to one-person operation. This heralded the most difficult period of operation of the route ever. In fact this nadir was only brought to an end when the Daimler Fleetlines, which were unreliable and caused so many problems on the route, were replaced by ten year older AEC Routemasters on 31 March 1979. (Passenger usage had diminished so much, that there were only two options available: Withdraw the route completely or improve the service using different (older) vehicles). The second option was chosen and this renewed period of two-person operation lasted for another three and half years, coming to an end with the changes of 4 September 1982.

The development of the Docklands area began to gather speed at the beginning of the 1980s and bus routes in the area were often amended to serve new developments. The first such change to affect route 106 occurred on 10 September 1983, when the Monday to Saturday service (evenings excepted) was extended from Poplar to the Isle of Dogs District Centre via Manchester Road and East Ferry Road. On 1 July 1984, the service was re-routed between Poplar and the Isle of Dogs District Centre via Marshwall, Limeharbour. From 21 June 1986, Monday to Friday morning journeys were also further extended to Isle of Dogs Asda Store.

On 4 March 1989, the Monday to Saturday service was diverted at Bethnal Green to run to Mile End Gate, although the Sunday service still continued to serve Grove Road, Burdett Road and Limehouse to Poplar (Blackwall Tunnel). On 6 April 1991, things were made more complicated when the evening service on Mondays to Saturdays was re-routed as on Sundays to Poplar (Blackwall Tunnel), being further extrended early evenings to Isle of Dogs Asda Store. This was simplified on 9 May 1992 when the route was withdrawn completely between Bethnal Green and Poplar and once again re-routed to Mile End Gate.

On 4 September 1993, the route was exended to Whitechapel station. Upon being tendered, on 27 April 1996 it passed to Docklands Transit with Dennis Darts. Route 106 was included in the 11 October 1997 sale of Docklands Transit to Stagecoach London.[1] In 2001 route 106 reverted to double deck operation.

Upon being re-tendered, on 27 April 2013 the route passed from Stagecoach London to Arriva London with new Wright Gemini 2 bodied VDL DB300s.[2][3][4]

Current route[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]