London Buses route 220
|Garage||Park Royal (PK)
Shepherd's Bush (S)
|Vehicle||Alexander Dennis Enviro400 10.2m
Alexander Dennis Enviro400H 10.1m
|Peak vehicle requirement||24|
|Start||Willesden Junction station|
|Length||8 miles (13 km)|
|Journey time||31-69 minutes|
Route 220 commenced operating on 20 July 1960 as part of the Trolleybus Replacement Programme for route 630 (Harlesden to West Croydon), running between Park Royal and West Croydon. In December 1966, the route was withdrawn between Mitcham and West Croydon, with weekend journeys terminating at Tooting, but extended north to Willesden Junction. In 1971 it was withdrawn between Tooting and Mitcham.
On 2 January 1971, route 220, at the time operated from Shepherd's Bush garage, became the first route to be operated by DMS-class Daimler Fleetlines. On 4 September 1982, the route was withdrawn between Park Royal and Willesden Junction station, and on 25 May 1991 between Wandsworth and Tooting, being replaced by new route 270.
During the 1990s the route began to suffer from punctuality issues due to traffic congestion on its central section between Shepherd's Bush and Putney Bridge. The route became the first in London to be systematically upgraded with bus priority measures, and by 1997 bus lanes had been installed along most of this section.
Route 220 operates via these primary locations:
- Willesden Junction station
- Harlesden Jubilee Clock
- Wormwood Scrubs Mitre Bridge
- White City station
- Shepherd's Bush station
- Brook Green
- Hammersmith bus station for Hammersmith stations
- Charing Cross Hospital
- Putney Bridge station
- Putney Bridge
- Wandsworth Park
- Southside Wandsworth
- "London Transport Central Area Routes 220-223". eplates.info. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Graeme Bruce, J; Curtis, Colin (1977). The London Motor Bus: Its Origins and Development. London Transport. p. 121. ISBN 0853290830.
- Reed, John (2000). London Buses: A Brief History. Capital Transport Publishing. p. 61. ISBN 9781854142337.
- Day, John (1973). The Story of the London Bus: London and its buses from the horse bus to the present day. London Transport. p. 135. ISBN 9780853290377.
- "Motor bus DMS1". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Annual Report and Accounts - London Transport Executive. London Transport Executive. 1970. p. 13.
The first DMS buses entered service on Routes 95 and 220 on 2 January 1971. The newer types of buses introduced in the last few years have proved to be mechanically less reliable in service than their predecessors, which were specifically designed to London Transport requirements.
- Roberts, M (1997). "Bus priority - Route 220 monitoring". European Transport Conference. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "Policy Areas" (PDF). London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. p. 6. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Tender News BusTalk (Go-Ahead London) issue 7 February 2012
- Route 220 Map Transport for London