Uttar Pradesh Police

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Uttar Pradesh Police
Uttara Pradeśa Pulisa
Up-police mainlogo
The official emblem of Uttar Pradesh Police
Uttar Pradesh Police Flag.svg
The official flag of Uttar Pradesh Police
Common name UP Police
Abbreviation UPP
Motto Suraksha Apki Sankalp Hamara
Agency overview
Formed 1863
Annual budget 17,136 crore (US$2.4 billion) (2018-19 est.)[1][2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Uttar Pradesh, IN
India Uttar Pradesh locator map.svg
Jurisdiction of Uttar Pradesh Police
Legal jurisdiction State of Uttar Pradesh
Governing body Department of Home (Uttar Pradesh)
Constituting instrument
  • Police Act, 1861
General nature • Local civilian agency
Headquarters 1, Sarojni Naidu Marg, Allahabad

Sworn members 1,368 (406 IPS officers and 963 PPS officers)[3][4]
Unsworn members 2,31,443[5]
Agency executive
Website
Official Website

The Uttar Pradesh Police (IAST: Uttara Pradeśa Pulisa), often abbreviated as UP police, is the law enforcement agency of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh headquartered in Allahabad. The Uttar Pradesh Police is headed by a director general of police (DGP) ranked IPS officer. The current DG of Uttar Pradesh Police is Om Prakash Singh.

UP police is the largest police force in the world.[7] It was formed in 1863 as the Office of the inspector general of police, Uttar Pradesh under the Police Act, 1861.[8] Uttar police is the governed by Department of Home and Confidential of Uttar Pradesh Government.

History[edit]

The present police system was created following the recommendation of the Police Commission headed by H.M. Court in 1860 and was enacted as Police Act of 1861. H.M. Court became the first inspector general of police of the then North West Province and Avadh which comprised the territory of the present state of Uttar Pradesh. Since then many amendments in Police Act of 1861 have happened which has shaped the current institution and structure of police in the state.

Organisation[edit]

A constable Civil police of UP police
Upplogo.png
Rajesultanpur Kotwaali.

A director general of police heads the state police. He is assisted by many police officers. State police headquarters is situated in Allahabad.

For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of Uttar Pradesh is divided into 8 police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of additional director general of police who is an officer of the Indian police Service. Each police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 police ranges. The following is the list of the police zones.

There are a total of 18 police ranges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of either inspector general of police or deputy inspector general of police. Each police range is constituted by around 2 to 4 districts.

There are totally 75 police districts in the state. In each district the head of the police is the superintendent of police who is always an officer of the Indian police Service. In discharge of his duties he is assisted by Additional superintendents of police (Addl. S.P.), deputy superintendents of police (Dy. S.P.) who are officers of the Provincial Police Service. The number of Addl. SPs and Dy. SPs varies with the size, population, police work or nature of police work in different districts. The number of Addl.S.Ps and Dy.S.Ps in districts like Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabad is considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandauli the number of the PPS officers is relatively lesser.

Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the police force in the district is the senior superintendent of police who is always an officer of the Indian police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the district magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The police district is further subdivided into police sub-divisions or police circles. A police circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of deputy superintendent of police. The officer heading the police circle/sub-division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A police circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 police stations. Each police station is headed by a police inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh and other states, especially in North India, there is a main police station in the older/main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwali covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't grown in size so much, the Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a police station is designated as or called as the station officer (S.O.) or station house officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various sub-inspectors, assistant sub-inspectors, head-constables, constables. There are also a number of police chowkis that come under the police station. A police chowki is under the charge of a sub-inspector of police or an assistant sub-inspector of police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.

List of Uttar Pradesh Police chiefs[edit]

List of Directors General/inspectors general of Uttar Pradesh Police post-independence[9][10][11][12][13][14]
No. Name From To
Directors General of police[1][10][11][12]
56 OM PRAKASH SINGH[15][16][17][18] 1 Jan 2018 Incumbent
55 SULKHAN SINGH[19][20][21][22][23] 22 Apr 2017 31 Dec 2017
54 S. JAVEED AHMAD 1 Jan 2016 22 Apr 2017
53 JAGMOHAN YADAV 1 Jul 2015 31 Dec 2015
52 ARVIND KUMAR JAIN 31 Jan 2015 30 Jun 2015
51 ARUN KUMAR GUPTA 1 Jan 2015 31 Jan 2015
50 ANAND LAL BANERJEE 28 Feb 2014 31 Dec 2014
49 RIZWAN AHMAD 1 Jan 2014 28 Feb 2014
48 DEO RAJ NAGAR 12 Apr 2013 31 Dec 2013
47 A. C. SHARMA 19 Mar 2012 12 Apr 2013
46 ATUL 8 Jan 2012 19 Mar 2012
45 BRIJ LAL[24][25][26] 30 Sep 2011 8 Jan 2012
44 R. K. TIWARI 31 Aug 2011 30 Sep 2011
43 KARAMVIR SINGH 23 Sep 2009 31 Aug 2011
42 VIKRAM SINGH 23 Jun 2007 23 Sep 2009
41 G. L. SHARMA 15 Mar 2007 23 Jun 2007
40 BUA SINGH 3 Apr 2006 14 Mar 2007
39 YASHPAL SINGH 11 Jan 2005 03 Apr2006
38 V. K. B. Nair 28 Jun 2003 11 Jan 2005
37 HAKAM SINGH 20 Mar 2003 28 Jun 2003
36 R. M. SHUKLA 20 Jul 2002 20 Mar 2003
35 R. K. PANDIT 31 Jul 2001 20 Jul 2002
34 M. C. DWIVEDI 31 Jul 2000 31 Jul 2001
SHRI RAM ARUN 23 Dec 1999 31 Jul 2000
33 K. L. GUPTA 2 Apr 1998 23 Dec 1999
32 SHRI RAM ARUN 3 May 1997 2 Apr 1998
31 HARIDAS RAO 24 Nov 1996 3 May 1997
30 S. N. P. SINHA 4 Jul 1996 24 Nov 1996
V. S. MATHUR 31 Mar 1996 4 Jul 1996
29 GIRISH BIHARI 12 Aug 1995 31 Mar 1996
28 V. S. MATHUR 30 Sep 1994 12 Aug 1995
27 S. B. RAI 8 Jun 1993 30 Sep 1994
PRAKASH SINGH 23 Dec 1992 8 Jun 1993
26 Sabhajeet Rai 30 Sep 1992 23 Dec 1992
25 PRAKASH SINGH 22 Jul 1991 30 Sep 1992
24 V. K. JAIN 31 Dec 1990 22 Jul 1991
23 R. P. MATHUR 30 Dec 1989 31 Dec 1990
22 R. P. JOSHI 31 Jul 1989 30 Dec 1989
21 HARIMOHAN 31 Dec 1988 31 Jul 1989
20 R. N. GUPTA 8 Jun 1987 31 Dec 1988
19 D. S. BHATNAGAR 31 Mar 1987 8 Jun 1987
18 P. C. KAKKAR 1 Jan 1987 31 Mar 1987
17 D. K. AGARWAL 17 Sep 1985 31 Dec 1986
16 J. N. CHATURVEDI 1 Apr 1984 17 Sep 1985
15 S. C. Dixit 25 Jul 1982 31 Mar 1984
Naresh Kumar 5 Mar 1982 24 Jul 1982
inspectors general of police[12][13][14]
14 NARESH KUMAR 24 Feb 1981 4 Mar 1982
13 MAHENDRA SINGH 12 Mar 1980 23 Feb 1981
12 LAL SINGH VERMA 5 Jul 1977 11 Mar 1980
11 SARVAN TANDON 27 Mar 1976 4 Jul 1977
10 GOVIND CHANDRA 16 May 1975 26 Mar 1976
09 H. K. KERR 1 Dec 1973 15 May 1975
08 A. K. DAS 5 Nov 1971 30 Nov 1973
07 ISLAM AHMAD 18 May 1971 4 Nov 1971
06 N. S. SAXENA 20 Feb 1970 17 May 1971
05 JIYARAM 10 Apr 1967 19 Feb 1970
04 SHANTI PRASAD 17 Feb 1961 9 Apr 1967
03 M. S. MATHUR 1 Apr 1954 16 Feb 1961
02 T. P. BHALLA 13 Jan 1953 31 Mar 1954
01 B. N. LAHARI 27 Oct 1947 12 Jan 1953
List of inspectors general of Uttar Pradesh Police pre-Independence[14]
No. Name From To
11 S.G. PEARCE 1 December 1946 26 October 1947
10 P. MEABSURES 28 June 1945 30 November 1946
9 M.A. INGLIS 6 July 1940 26 June 1945
R.A. HORTON 7 November 1937 5 July 1940
8 A.H. PHILLIPS 15 March 1937 6 November 1937
7 R.A. HORTON 16 June 1935 18 February 1937
S.T. HOLLING 7 April 1934 15 June 1935
6 H.R. ROE 5 November 1933 6 April 1934
5 S.T. HOLLING 27 April 1931 4 November 1933
R.J.S. DODD 5 November 1928 25 March 1931
4 A.H. WILLIAMSON 3 May 1928 4 November 1928
3 R.J.S. DODD 7 November 1925 2 May 1928
2 A.D. ASHDOWN 1 October 1923 6 November 1925
1 L.M. KAYE 23 February 1919 30 September 1923

Unit/wings[edit]

Organizational structure of UPP.

The various units/wings of the UP police are:

  1. Training Directorate
  2. Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  3. Special Enquiry Cell
  4. Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)
  5. Human Rights Cell (HRC)
  6. Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)
  7. Intelligence Department (ID)
  8. Economic Offences Wing (EOW)
  9. Crime Cell
  10. Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT)
  11. Technical Services
  12. Government Railway police (GRP)
  13. Dial 100 Service)
  14. Special Task Force (STF)
  15. Uttar Pradesh Fire Service
  16. Traffic Directorate
  17. Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)
  18. Special investigation team (SIT)
  19. Radio Headquarter of police

Zones, ranges and districts[edit]

Following is a list of the police zones, ranges and districts falling under them:

List of the police zones, ranges and districts falling under them
# Zone # Ranges # Districts
1 Lucknow zone 1 Lucknow 1 Lucknow
2 Unnao
3 Sitapur
4 Hardoi
5 Rae Bareli
6 Kheri
2 Faizabad 1 Faizabad
2 Barabanki
3 Sultanpur
4 Ambedkar Nagar
2 Bareilly zone 1 Bareilly 1 Bareilly
2 Shahjahanpur
3 Pilibhit
4 Badayun
2 Moradabad 1 Moradabad
2 Jyotiba Phule Nagar
3 Rampur
4 Bijnor
3 Meerut zone 1 Meerut 1 Meerut
2 Baghpat
3 Ghaziabad
4 Bulandshahr
5 Gautam Budh Nagar
6 Hapur
2 Saharanpur 1 Saharanpur
2 Muzaffarnagar
3 Shamli
4 Agra zone 1 Agra 1 Agra
2 Mathura
3 Firozabad
4 Mainpuri
2 Aligarh 1 Aligarh
2 Hathras
3 Etah
4 Kanshi Ram Nagar (Kasganj)
5 Kanpur zone 1 Kanpur 1 Kanpur Nagar
2 Kanpur Dehat
3 Auraiya
4 Kannauj
5 Farrukhabad
6 Etawah
2 Jhansi 1 Jhansi
2 Jalaun (Orai)
3 Lalitpur
6 Allahabad zone 1 Allahabad 1 Allahabad
2 Kaushambi
3 Pratapgarh
4 Fatehpur
2 Chitrakoot (Banda) 1 Chitrakoot
2 Hamirpur
3 Banda
4 Mahoba
7 Varanasi zone 1 Varanasi 1 Varanasi
2 Chandauli
3 Jaunpur
4 Ghazipur
2 Mirzapur 1 Mirzapur
2 Bhadohi
3 Sonbhadra
3 Azamgarh 1 Azamgarh
2 Mau
3 Ballia
8 Gorakhpur zone 1 Gorakhpur 1 Gorakhpur
2 Maharajganj
3 Kushinagar
4 Deoria
2 Basti 1 Basti
2 Siddharth Nagar
3 Sant Kabir Nagar (Khalilabad)
3 Devipatan (Gonda) 1 Gonda
2 Balrampur
3 Shravasti
4 Bahraich
Total zones 8 Total ranges 18 Total districts 75

Controversies[edit]

The Uttar Pradesh Police has been accused of its record of human rights violations due to political pressure.[citation needed]

Equipment[edit]

Most of the weapons in service with the Uttar Pradesh Police are locally produced by the Indian ordnance factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, the police also inducts various weapons imported by the Ministry of Home Affairs as part of modernisation plans.

As per the 2017 audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Uttar Pradesh Police has a shortage of 45,047 handguns and an excess of 56,298 rifles.[27][28][29]

48%, 58,853, of the 1.22 lakh (122,000) rifles available to the state police are of point-303 bore category, which was rendered obsolete by the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1995.[27][28][29]

Weapons of the UP Police also include:

Social Media Command and research center

A social media command and research center has been established in Meerut. The center monitors trends in social media that can have impact on law & order situation and advises concerned district and range police chiefs.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Khullar, Vatsal (20 February 2018). "Uttar Pradesh Budget Analysis 2018-19" (PDF). PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  2. ^ "गृह विभाग (पुलिस)" [Department of Home (Police)] (PDF). Department of Finance (Budget), Government of Uttar Pradesh (in Hindi). Retrieved August 18, 2017. 
  3. ^ "LIST OF INDIAN POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  4. ^ "LIST OF PROVINCIAL POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Nominal Roll System - Uttar Pradesh Police". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017. [dead link]
  6. ^ "UP Police Official website". www.uppolice.gov.in. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "General Information". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  8. ^ "The Police Act, 1861" (PDF). Uttar Pradesh Police. March 22, 1861. Retrieved August 19, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Former UP Police Chiefs". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017. 
  10. ^ a b "DGP-UP-Archive". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "DGP U.P. Archive 2". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c "DGP U.P. Archive 3". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "DGP U.P. Archive 4". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c "DGP U.P. Archive 5". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved August 29, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Who is OP Singh, the officer appointed as new Uttar Pradesh DGP by Yogi Adityanath government". The Financial Express. New Delhi. December 31, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  16. ^ "O. P. Singh is new DGP of Uttar Pradesh". The Hindu. Lucknow. January 1, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  17. ^ "Om Prakash Singh is Uttar Pradesh's New DGP, Succeeds Sulkhan Singh". News 18. Lucknow. December 31, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  18. ^ "Uttar Pradesh gets a new DGP, OP Singh succeeds Sulkhan Singh". Zee News. December 31, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  19. ^ "Sulkhan Singh - Executive Record Sheet". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  20. ^ Bajpai, Namita (29 April 2017). "Sulkhan Singh's rise from a village boy to Uttar Pradesh's top-cop". The Indian Express. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  21. ^ Goswami, Dev, ed. (22 April 2017). "Sulkhan Singh takes charge as new UP DGP, promises zero tolerance against cow vigilantism, 'gundagardi'". India Today. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  22. ^ "Sulkhan Singh -- From humble background to UP's top cop". Hindustan Times. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  23. ^ "Who is Sulkhan Singh? Here is all you need to know about UP's new DGP". Financial Express. 22 April 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  24. ^ "New Police Chief for Uttar Pradesh". thehindu.com. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  25. ^ "Brij Lal appointed new UP DGP". zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "UP polls: Election Commission orders removal of state police chief; BSP cries foul". ndtv.com. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  27. ^ a b "Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India for the year ended 31 March 2016 on Performance Audit of Modernisation and Strengthening of Police Forces" (PDF). Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Government of Uttar Pradesh. pp. 15–16. Retrieved March 27, 2018. 
  28. ^ a b "CAG paints grim picture of UP police functioning". The Economic Times. Allahabad. Press Trust of India. July 27, 2014. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved March 27, 2018. 
  29. ^ a b "CAG raps Uttar Pradesh govt over rise in crimes against women". Hindustan Times. HT Correspondent. August 23, 2016. Retrieved March 27, 2018. 
  30. ^ "Meerut gets 2nd social media lab in country after Mumbai - TOI Mobile | The Times of India Mobile Site". m.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 

External links[edit]