Mumbai Metropolitan Region
|Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR)
मुंबई महानगर प्रदेश
Dark Blue: Mumbai City (Bombay) Light Blue: Rest of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region
|• Metro||4,355 km2 (1,681 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 Census)|
|• Urban density||20,694/km2 (53,600/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||4,764/km2 (12,340/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5.30)|
Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) is a metropolitan area consisting of the metropolis of Mumbai and its satellite towns in Maharashtra. Developing over a period of about 20 years, it consists of seven municipal corporations and fifteen smaller municipal councils. The entire area is overseen by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA), a Maharashtra State Government organisation in charge of town planning, development, transportation and housing in the region. The MMRDA was formed to address the challenges in planning and development of integrated infrastructure for the metropolitan region. The areas outside of Brihan Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) and Navi Mumbai have lacked organised development. Navi Mumbai, developed as one of the largest planned cities in the world, was promoted by a Maharashtra Government-owned company, City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). The region has had problems related to haphazard and illegal development as a result of rapid urbanisation. Villages along the NH3 in Bhiwandi Taluka are examples of haphazard developments in the MMR, with some of the largest warehousing areas in India. Government agencies such as the Town Planner and Collector of Thane have had challenges in addressing unorganised development.
The region has an area of 4,355 km² and with a population of 20,748,395, it is among the top ten most populated urban agglomerations in the world. It is linked with Mumbai through the Mumbai Suburban Railway system and a large network of roads.
The area takes up all or part of five districts of Maharashtra state.
- Mumbai City (complete)
- Mumbai Suburban (complete)
- Navi Mumbai(complete)
- Thane (complete)
- Palghar (partial)
- Raigad (partial)
|This section does not cite any sources. (October 2014)|
The Mumbai Conurbation is a conurbation that comprises the metropolitan city of Mumbai (City, Suburban and Navi Mumbai), and seven urban areas - Thane, Mira-Bhayandar, Kalyan-Dombivali, Ulhasnagar, Vasai-Virar and Bhiwandi-Nizampur as well as several other towns and villages. Several public authorities are responsible for development and maintenance of the Mumbai Conurbation. While each urban area or township has its own local self government the MMRDA undertakes projects that cross over the local governments. Mumbai city - especially the Greater Mumbai area - is plagued with troubles due to concentration of businesses and lack of supporting infrastructure. Some of the projects MMRDA undertook were to move some of these business to other areas in the Mumbai Conurbation. For example, some of the wholesale markets were moved out of Greater Mumbai to other areas in the Conurbation. The entire island of Salsette is included within the Mumbai Metropolitan Area.
- Nala Sopara
- Vasai Virar Industrial Area
- Bhiwandi-Kalyan Complex Notified Area
- Trans Thane Creek Industrial Area TTC MIDC (Navi Mumbai)
- Taloja Industrial Area
- Patalganga-Rasayani Industrial Area
- Postal Codes : 400 xxx to 401 xxx, 410 xxx, 421 xxx
- Telephone Code : +91 (022),+91 (250),+91 (0251),+91 (02522)
- Vehicle : MH-01, MH-02, MH-03, MH-04, MH-05, MH-06, MH-43, MH-46, MH-47, MH-48
- "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Mumbai. National Informatics Centre (NIC). Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Mumbai metropolitan area" (in Italian). Projectsecoa.eu. Retrieved 2013-03-14.