List of political parties in the United Kingdom

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This article lists political parties in the United Kingdom.

Brief history and overview[edit]

Before the middle of the 19th century, politics in the United Kingdom was dominated by the Whigs and the Tories. These were not political parties in the modern sense but somewhat loose alliances of interests and individuals. The Whigs included many of the leading aristocratic dynasties committed to the Protestant succession, and later drew support from elements of the emerging industrial interests and wealthy merchants, while the Tories were associated with the landed gentry, the Church of England and the Church of Scotland.

By the mid 19th century, the Tories had evolved into the Conservative Party, and the Whigs had evolved into the Liberal Party. The concept of right and left came originally from France, where the supporters of a monarchy (constitutional or absolute) sat on the right wing of the National Assembly, and republicans on the left. In the late 19th century the Liberal Party began to lean towards the left. Liberal Unionists split off from the Liberals over Irish Home Rule and moved closer to the Conservatives over time.

The Liberals and Conservatives dominated the political scene until the 1920s, when the Liberal Party declined in popularity and suffered a long stream of resignations. It was replaced as the main anti-Tory opposition party by the newly emerging Labour Party, which represented an alliance between the labour movement, organised trades unions and various socialist societies.

Since then the Conservative and Labour parties have dominated British politics, and have alternated in government ever since. However, the UK is not quite a two-party system as other parties have significant support. The Liberal Democrats were the third largest party until the 2015 general election when they were overtaken by the Scottish National Party in terms of seats and UK political party membership, and by the UK Independence Party in terms of votes.

The UK's First Past the Post electoral system leaves small parties disadvantaged on a UK-wide scale. It can, however, allow parties with concentrations of supporters in the constituent countries to flourish. In the 2015 election there was widespread controversy[1][2][3] when UKIP and the Green Party of England and Wales received 4.9 million votes[4] (12.6% of the total vote for UKIP and 3.8% for the Greens) yet only gained one seat each in the House of Commons. After that election, UKIP, the Liberal Democrats, and the Green Party of England and Wales, together with its Scottish and Northern Ireland affiliated parties, the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru, delivered a petition signed by 477,000[5] people to Downing Street demanding electoral reform.

Scottish Parliament debating chamber

Since 1997, proportional representation-based voting systems have been adopted for elections to the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly, the London Assembly and the UK's seats in the European Parliament. In these bodies, other parties have had success.

Traditionally political parties have been private organisations with no official recognition by the state. The Registration of Political Parties Act 1998 changed that by creating a register of parties.

Membership of political parties has been in decline in the UK since the 1950s, falling by over 65% from 1983 (4% of the electorate) to 2005 (1.3%).[6]

Register of political parties[edit]

The Electoral Commission's Register of Political Parties[7] lists the details of parties registered to fight elections in the United Kingdom, including their registered name. Under current electoral law, including the Registration of Political Parties Act, the Electoral Administration Act 2006, and the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, only registered party names can be used on ballot papers by those wishing to fight elections. Candidates who do not belong to a registered party can use "independent" or no label at all.

As of 2 August 2019 the Electoral Commission showed the number of registered political parties in Great Britain and Northern Ireland as 408.[8]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Party Date of foundation Political position Ideology Leader House of Commons Scottish Parliament Welsh Parliament Northern Ireland Assembly London Assembly Local Government Membership UK vote share % (2019 general election)
Conservative and Unionist Party 1834 Centre-right Conservatism
British unionism
Economic liberalism
Boris Johnson official portrait (cropped 3).jpg Boris Johnson
365 / 650
31 / 129
11 / 60
N/A
8 / 25
7,530 / 20,649
[9]
191,000[10] 43.6
Labour Party

Co-operative Party

1900

1917 (Co-operative)

Centre-left Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Official portrait of Keir Starmer crop 2.jpg Keir Starmer
202 / 650
[Note 1][Note 2]
23 / 129
[Note 3]
29 / 60
[Note 4]
N/A
12 / 25
6,344 / 20,649
[9]
580,000[Note 5][11] 32.2
Scottish National Party 1934 Centre-left
Big tent
Scottish nationalism
Scottish independence
Regionalism
Social democracy
Pro-Europeanism
Official portrait of Nicola Sturgeon (cropped 2).jpg Nicola Sturgeon
47 / 650
63 / 129
N/A N/A N/A
433 / 20,649
[9]
125,482[12] 3.9
Liberal Democrats 1988
(1859 as Liberal Party)
Centre to centre-left Liberalism
Social liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Official portrait of Rt Hon Sir Edward Davey MP crop 2.jpg Ed Davey &
Mark Pack
(acting)
11 / 650
5 / 129
1 / 60
N/A
1 / 25
2,552 / 20,649
[9]
120,845[13] 11.5
Democratic Unionist Party 1971 Centre-right to right-wing British unionism
British nationalism
Conservatism
National conservatism
Right-wing populism
Social conservatism
Hard Euroscepticism
Arlene Foster MLA (cropped) 2.jpg Arlene Foster
8 / 650
N/A N/A
27 / 90
N/A
122 / 20,649
Not published 0.8
Sinn Féin 1905 (original);
1970 (current)
Centre-left to left-wing Irish republicanism
Left-wing nationalism
Democratic socialism
Mary Lou McDonald (official portrait).jpg Mary Lou McDonald
7 / 650
[Note 6]
N/A N/A
27 / 90
N/A
105 / 20,649
Not published 0.6
Plaid Cymru 1925 Centre-left to left-wing Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Civic nationalism
Regionalism
Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Environmentalism
Pro-Europeanism
Adam Price 2016 (cropped).jpg Adam Price
3 / 650
N/A
10 / 60
N/A N/A
204 / 20,649
[9]
11,500[14] 0.5
Social Democratic and Labour Party 1970 Centre-left Social democracy
Irish nationalism
Irish reunification
Pro-Europeanism
Colum Eastwood MLA.JPG Colum Eastwood
2 / 650
N/A N/A
12 / 90
N/A
59 / 20,649
Not published 0.4
Green Party of England and Wales 1990 Left-wing Green politics
Eco-socialism
Progressivism
British republicanism
Pro-Europeanism
Sian Berry and Jonathan Bartley, 2018.jpg Siân Berry &
Jonathan Bartley
(job share)
1 / 650
N/A N/A N/A
2 / 25
360 / 20,649
[9]
49,500[15] 2.7
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland 1970 Centre to
centre-left
Liberalism
Nonsectarianism
Pro-Europeanism
Cropped image of Naomi Long.JPG Naomi Long
1 / 650
N/A N/A
7 / 90
N/A
53 / 20,649
Not published 0.4

Parties without representation in the House of Commons, but with representation in a devolved parliament or assembly[edit]

There are a number of political parties in the United Kingdom that do not have representation in the House of Commons, but have elected representatives in the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales, Northern Ireland Assembly, or the London Assembly respectively. These are:

Party Date of foundation Political position Ideology Leader House of Commons Scottish Parliament Welsh Parliament Northern Ireland Assembly London Assembly Local Government Membership UK vote share % (2019 general election)
Brexit Party 2019 Big tent Single-issue Hard Euroscepticism
Populism Right-wing nationalism[16]
Nigel Farage (45718080574) (cropped).jpg Nigel Farage N/A N/A
4 / 60
[17]
N/A N/A
32 / 20,649
115,000[18] 2.0
Scottish Green Party 1990 Centre-left to left-wing Green politics
Scottish independence
Scottish republicanism
Pro-Europeanism
Patrick Harvie 2016.png Patrick Harvie and Lorna Slater
(job share)
N/A
6 / 129
N/A N/A N/A
19 / 20,649
[9]
6,412[19] 0.1
Ulster Unionist Party 1905 Centre-right British unionism
Conservatism
Steve Aiken (2020).png Steve Aiken N/A N/A N/A
10 / 90
N/A
75 / 20,649
Not published 0.3
UK Independence Party 1993 Right-wing to far-right Hard Euroscepticism
British nationalism
Right-wing populism
Social conservatism
National conservatism
N/A Vacant N/A N/A
1 / 60
N/A
2 / 25
35 / 20,649
[20]
26,447[21] 0.1
Green Party in Northern Ireland 1983 Centre-left Green politics
Nonsectarianism
Pro-Europeanism
Clare Bailey.png Clare Bailey N/A N/A N/A
2 / 90
N/A
8 / 20,649
[22]
406[23] (May 2015)
Traditional Unionist Voice 2007 Right-wing British unionism
Social conservatism
National conservatism
Christian right
Euroscepticism
JimAllister (cropped).jpg Jim Allister N/A N/A N/A
1 / 90
N/A
6 / 20,649
Not published 0.0
People Before Profit 2005 Left-wing Socialism Eamonn McCann (cropped).jpg Eamonn McCann[Note 7] N/A N/A N/A
1 / 90
N/A
5 / 20,649
Not published 0.0
Welsh National Party 2020 N/A Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Localism
Sovereignism
Neil McEvoy AM (28092346611).jpg Neil McEvoy N/A N/A
1 / 60
N/A N/A
7 / 20,649
Not published

Party descriptions[edit]

Party Description
Conservative and Unionist Party A party loosely divided into three categories: The Thatcherites or Conservative Way Forward, who strongly support a free market and tend to be Eurosceptic; the economically moderate, often more pro-European and socially liberal One Nation Conservatives, and the socially conservative, deeply Eurosceptic Cornerstone Group.
Labour Party A social democratic party with democratic socialist elements that has its roots in the trade union movement. The party in recent years is seen to have several internal factions, which include: Momentum, Open Labour, Progress, Blue Labour, and, the Labour members who stand on a split ticket with the Co-operative Party.
Scottish National Party Scottish nationalist and social democratic party which supports Scottish Independence and membership of the European Union.
Liberal Democrats Liberal and social liberal. The party's main two branches are the social-liberals based around groups like the Social Liberal Forum, and the 'Orange Book' grouping, which supports classical economic liberalism. Strongly supports membership of the European Union.
Democratic Unionist Party Unionist and national conservative party in Northern Ireland. Socially conservative with close links to Protestantism.
Sinn Féin Irish republican party that supports the unification of the island of Ireland as a 32-county Irish republic.
Plaid Cymru Social-democratic and Welsh nationalist party in favour of Welsh independence.
Social Democratic and Labour Party Social-democratic and Irish nationalist party supporting a United Ireland.
Ulster Unionist Party Unionist party in Northern Ireland, conservative but with liberal factions.
Green Party of England and Wales Green political party that favours eco-socialism,[24] environmentalism,[24] and sustainability.[24]
Scottish Green Party Green political party in favour of Scottish independence and Scottish republicanism.
UK Independence Party Eurosceptic, right-wing populist party. Favours national sovereignty, social conservatism and economic liberalism.
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland Liberal and nonsectarian political party in Northern Ireland.
Green Party in Northern Ireland Green political and nonsectarian party in Northern Ireland.
Traditional Unionist Voice Strongly social and national conservative unionist party in Northern Ireland, opposed to the St Andrews Agreement.
People Before Profit Socialist party that is active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Brexit Party Hard Eurosceptic party that supports leaving all the institutions of the EU and is strongly positioned against a second EU referendum.
Welsh National Party Sovereignist party that advocates Wales becoming an independent sovereign state.

Local government[edit]

Principal authorities[edit]

Party Leader Ideology Political position Local authorities Councillors
Ashfield Independents Jason Zadrozny N/A N/A Ashfield, Nottinghamshire 37 (+12 parish cllrs)
Residents Associations of Epsom and Ewell Keith Lugton N/A N/A Epsom and Ewell, Surrey 34[25][26]
Mansfield Independents Martin Wright Localism N/A Mansfield, Nottinghamshire 19[27]
Thurrock Independents Graham Snell Local politics, Hard Euroscepticism N/A Thurrock 17
Canvey Island Independent Party David Blackwell N/A N/A Castle Point, Essex 16[28][29]
Residents for Uttlesford John Lodge Localism N/A Uttlesford 11[30]
Havering Residents Association Ray Morgon N/A N/A Havering 11
Temple and Farringdon Together No leader Localism N/A City of London Corporation 10[31]
Liberal Party Steve Radford Liberalism, Euroscepticism Centre Liverpool, Mid Devon, Peterborough, Ryedale 9[32]
East Devon Alliance Paul Arnott Localism, Transparency[33] N/A East Devon 11[34]
Independent Union John Tennant Localism, Euroscepticism N/A Hartlepool Borough Council 8[35]
Derwentside Independents Watts Stelling N/A N/A Durham 7[36] (+5 parish cllrs)[37]
Yorkshire Party Chris Whitwood Yorkshire regionalism, Social democracy Centre to centre-left East Riding, Selby, North Yorkshire 7
Llais Gwynedd Owain Williams Gwynedd regionalism N/A Gwynedd 6[38]
Runnymede Independent Residents' Group No leader N/A N/A Runnymede 6
Spennymoor Independents No leader N/A N/A Durham 5 (+16 parish cllrs)[9]
Morley Borough Independents Robert Finnigan Independent politics, Localism N/A Leeds 5
Socialist Labour Party Arthur Scargill Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Fiscal localism,
Republicanism, Hard Euroscepticism
Left-wing Hartlepool Borough Council 4[39]
Progressive Unionist Party Billy Hutchinson British unionism, Democratic socialism, Social democracy Centre-left Belfast, Causeway Coast and Glens 4[40][41]
Independent Community and Health Concern Dr Richard Taylor N/A Single-issue Wyre Forest, Worcestershire, Shropshire 4[9]
Mebyon Kernow Dick Cole Cornish nationalism, Civic nationalism, Regionalism,
Social democracy, Environmentalism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre-left Cornwall 4[9]
Barnsley Independent Group Phillip Birkinshaw N/A N/A Barnsley 4[42]
Newport Independents Party Kevin Whitehead Social democracy, Localism Centre Newport, South Wales 4 [43]
Nottingham Independents Francesco Lari N/A N/A Nottingham City Council, Gedling Borough Council, Nottinghamshire 3 (+1 parish cllr)[44]
People Against Bureaucracy Malcolm Stennett Transparency N/A Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 3[45][46]
Guildford Greenbelt Group Susan Parker Environmentalism N/A Guildford 3[47]
North East Party Mark Burdon Regionalism, Subsidiarity, Progressivism Centre to centre-left Durham 3[48]
Middlewich First James Basford Localism N/A Cheshire East 3[49] (+5 parish cllrs)
Putting Hartlepool First James Black Localism N/A Hartlepool 3[50]
Democrats and Veterans John Rees-Evans Euroscepticism, Libertarianism, Direct democracy[51] N/A Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council, Hartlepool Borough Council 3[52][53]
Highwoods Group Beverley Oxford N/A N/A Colchester 3[54]
The Borough First[55] Charles Hollingsworth N/A N/A Windsor and Maidenhead 2[56]
Morecambe Bay Independents Roger Dennison Localism N/A Lancaster 2[57]
Henley Residents Group No leader N/A N/A South Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire 2 (+6 parish cllrs)[58]
For Britain Movement Anne Marie Waters Anti-Islam, Right-wing populism, British nationalism,
National conservatism, Hard Euroscepticism
Far-right Hartlepool Borough Council, Epping Forest District Council 2[59][60]
Aontú Peadar Tóibín Anti-abortion, Irish republicanism, Irish reunification,
Social conservatism, Soft Euroscepticism
Syncretic Derry City and Strabane District Council, Mid Ulster District Council 2
West Dunbartonshire Community Party Drew MacEoghainn Socialism Left-wing West Dunbartonshire 1[61]
Lincolnshire Independents Marianne Overton Regionalism N/A Lincolnshire 1[62]
Harold Hill Independent Lorraine Moss Localism N/A Havering 1[63]
Merthyr Independents Stephen Brown [64] N/A N/A Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Council 1[65]
The Cynon Valley Party No leader Localism N/A Rhondda Cynon Taf 1 [66]
The Rubbish Party Sally Cogley Localism, Environmentalism N/A East Ayrshire 1
Cross-Community Labour Alternative Owen McCracken Democratic socialism, Trade unionism, Nonsectarianism,
Eco-socialism
Left-wing Fermanagh and Omagh District Council 1
Women's Equality Party Mandu Reid Feminism, Egalitarianism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-left Congleton Town Council 1
Aspire Kalam Mahmud Abu Taher Choudhury Social democracy, Localism N/A Tower Hamlets Council 1
Abolish the Welsh Assembly Party Jonathan Harrington Welsh Parliament abolition, Localism, Welsh unionism Single-issue Powys County Council 1

Civil parishes and community councils[edit]

Party Leader Ideology Political position Councillors
Independents for Frome Mel Usher Localism, Conservation N/A 17[67]
Devizes Guardians Nigel Carter Localism, Conservation N/A 11[68]
Official Monster Raving Loony Party Howling Laud Hope Political satirism, Populism Centre
Big tent
2
Animal Welfare Party Vanessa Hudson Animal welfare N/A 1[69]
Cornish Nationalist Party Androw Hawke Cornish nationalism, Cornish devolution, Pan-Celticism Right-wing 1

No elected UK representation[edit]

This is a table of notable minor parties. Many parties are registered with the Electoral Commission but do not qualify for this list as they have not received significant independent coverage. Parties active across Ireland may have representation in the Republic of Ireland but not Northern Ireland.

Party Leader Ideology Political position
Social Democratic Party William Clouston Social democracy, Communitarianism,
Euroscepticism, Social conservatism
Centre to centre-left
Libertarian Party Adam Brown Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Euroscepticism N/A
Peace Party John Morris Pacifism, Environmentalism N/A
Pirate Party Harley James Faggetter Pirate politics, Civil libertarianism N/A
National Health Action Dr Alex Ashman Re-nationalisation of the NHS, Social democracy,
Environmentalism, Anti-austerity, Reformism
Centre-left
Young People's Party Thomas Hall Tax reform, Georgism, Egalitarianism N/A
Populist Party Russell White Populism, Anti-globalisation N/A
Whig Party Waleed Ghani Pro-Europeanism, Social progressivism, Whiggism Centre
Volt UK[70] Philipp Gnatzy[70] Pro-Europeanism, European federalism, Social liberalism, Progressivism Centre to centre-left
4 Freedoms Party (UK EEP) Dirk Hazell Conservatism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-right
Advance Together Annabel Mullin Social liberalism, Subsidiarity, Reformism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
UK European Union Party Pierre Kirk Pro-Europeanism, Cultural liberalism, Social liberalism,
Fiscal conservatism
Centre
Something New Dr James Smith No fixed ideology Centre
Syncretic
Renew Party Julie Girling Pro-Europeanism Centre
Workers Party of Britain[71] George Galloway Socialism, Anti-imperialism, Euroscepticism[71] Left-wing[71]
Socialist Party of Great Britain Collective leadership Socialism, Marxism Far-left
Communist Party of Britain
(Marxist–Leninist)
No clear leader Communism Far-left
Revolutionary Communist Party of
Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
Chris Coleman Communism Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
(Marxist–Leninist)
Ella Rule Communism, Anti-revisionism Far-left
Socialist Workers Party Collective leadership Trotskyism Far-left
Socialist Equality Party No clear leader Orthodox Trotskyism Far-left
Communist League No clear leader Orthodox Trotskyism Far-left
Communist Party of Britain Robert Griffiths Communism, Socialism Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
(Provisional Central Committee)
Collective leadership Communism Far-left
Independent Working Class Association No clear leader Socialism Left-wing
Socialist Party (England and Wales) Hannah Sell Trotskyism Far-left
Lewisham People Before Profit Patricia Richardson Socialism, Localism Left-wing
Workers Revolutionary Party Joshua Ogunleye Trotskyism, Euroscepticism, Healyism Far-left
New Communist Party of Britain Andy Brooks Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Anti-revisionism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Alliance for Green Socialism Mike Davies Eco-socialism, Anti-capitalism, Participatory democracy, Republicanism Left-wing
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition Dave Nellist Trade unionism, Socialism, Euroscepticism Left-wing to far-left
Left Unity Sharon McCourt
Joseph Healy
Nick Jones
(Principal Speakers)
Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Environmentalism,
Feminism, Anti-racism, Pro-Europeanism
Left-wing
National Front Tony Martin Fascism, Neo-fascism, British nationalism, White supremacism
Factions: Neo-Nazism, Radical populism, Third Positionism
Far-right
Britain First Paul Golding British Fascism, Ultranationalism, British unionism, Anti-Islam, Euroscepticism Far-right
British National Party Adam Walker British Fascism, Right-wing populism, White nationalism, White supremacism,
Ethnic nationalism, Ultranationalism, Hard Euroscepticism
Far-right
British Democrats Andrew Brons Ultranationalism, British unionism, British fascism,
Sovereignism, Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism
Far-right
Britannica Party Charles Baillie British Fascism, Right-wing populism Far-right
National Liberal Party Upkar Singh Rai Decentralisation, Euroscepticism, Direct democracy, Anti-capitalism Far-right
English Democrats Robin Tilbrook English nationalism, English independence,
English parliamentary devolution, Euroscepticism
Right-wing to far-right
Wessex Regionalists Jim Gunter Wessex regionalism, Agrarianism N/A
RISE - Scotland's Left Alliance Jonathon Shafi Anti-capitalism, Eco-socialism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism Left-wing
Christian Party Jeff Green Christian right, Euroscepticism, Social conservatism, British unionism Right-wing
Scottish Family Party Richard Lucas Anti-identity politics, Social conservatism, Anti-feminism,
Anti-abortion, British unionism, Euroscepticism
Right-wing
Scottish Democratic Alliance Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Libertarian Party Tam Laird Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Minarchism, Individualism,
Scottish independence, Soft Euroscepticism
N/A
Scottish Unionist Party Daniel Houston Scottish unionism, British unionism, Anti-Scottish Parliament Right-wing
Cymru Sovereign No clear leader Welsh nationalism, Welsh independence, Hard Euroscepticism N/A
Borders Party Frances Pringle Localism N/A
Independent Green Voice Alistair McConnachie Green politics N/A
Scottish Socialist Party Collective leadership Socialism, Scottish republicanism Left-wing to far-left
Solidarity Tommy Sheridan Socialism, Scottish republicanism Left-wing to far-left
Socialist Party Scotland No clear leader Socialism, Trotskyism, Trade unionism Far-left
Workers' Party of Ireland Michael Donnelly Irish republicanism, Communism Far-left
Irish Republican Socialist Party Collective leadership Irish republicanism, Socialism, Marxism-Leninism,
Left-wing nationalism, Left-wing populism,
Internationalism, Anti-globalisation,
United Ireland, Euroscepticism
Far-left
Saoradh Collective leadership N/A Far-left
Fianna Fáil
(Major party in Ireland)
Micheál Martin Liberalism, Conservatism, Christian democracy,
Irish nationalism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre to centre-right
Progressive Unionist Party Billy Hutchinson British unionism, Democratic socialism, Social democracy Centre-left
Republican Sinn Féin Seosamh Ó Maoileoin Irish republicanism, Irish nationalism, Éire Nua,
Socialism, Euroscepticism, Abstentionism,
Secularism
Left-wing
Socialist Party (Ireland) Collective leadership Democratic socialism, Political radicalism,
Trotskyism, Euroscepticism
Left-wing to far-left
Éirígí Brian Leeson Socialism, Irish republicanism, Anti-imperialism,
Euroscepticism, Environmentalism
Left-wing to far-left
Christian Peoples Alliance Sidney Cordle Christian democracy, Social conservatism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
Christian Democratic Party Christine West Christian democracy, Liberal conservatism Centre-right
The Common Good Dick Rodgers Christian democracy N/A
Church of the Militant Elvis Party David Bishop Political satire, Green politics Centre-left

Defunct parties[edit]

Party Foundation/
dissolution
Leader at dissolution Ideology Political position
Cannabis Is Safer Than Alcohol 2015–2016 Paul Birch Cannabis legalisation N/A
The Independent Group for Change 2019 Anna Soubry Centrism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
Countryside Party 2000–2008 No clear leader Agrarianism, Conservatism N/A
Democratic Labour 1972–1979 Dick Taverne Social democracy Centre-left
Democratic Party 1998–2010 Geoff Southall Euroscepticism, Direct democracy Right-wing
Fellowship Party 1955–2007 Sidney Fagan Environmentalism, Pacifism, Christian socialism Left-wing
Islamic Party of Britain 1989–2006 David Musa Pidcock Islamism Third position
Jury Team 2009–2011 Sir Paul Judge Nonpartisan politics, Localism, Direct democracy Big tent
Legalise Cannabis Alliance 1997–2013 Peter Reynolds Cannabis legalisation, Drug policy reform N/A
Make Politicians History 2005–2009 Ronnie Carroll Anti-Parliamentarianism N/A
Natural Law Party 1992–2004 No clear leader Pro-Transcendental Meditation N/A
New Party 2003–2010 Richard Vass Neoliberalism, Economic liberalism, Internationalism,
Euroscepticism, Right-libertarianism
Right-wing
Tower Hamlets First 2013–2015 Lutfur Rahman Social democracy, Localism Centre-left
New Deal 2013–2015 Alan Sked Euroscepticism, Social liberalism Centre-left
Anti-Federalist League
(Later became what is now UKIP)
1991–1993 Alan Sked Euroscepticism Right-wing
Liberal Party
(Merged with SDP to make Liberal Democrats)
1859–1988 David Steel[Note 8] Liberalism, Classical liberalism, Social liberalism Centre
No Candidate Deserves My Vote! 2000–2012 Amanda Ringwood Electoral reform, None of the above N/A
Green Party UK
Predecessor of the GPEW, SGP, and GPNI.
1985–1990 Tom Wood Green politics Left-wing
Ecology Party 1975–1985 Tony Whittaker Green politics N/A
Social Democratic Alliance 1975–1981 No clear leader Social democracy, Anti-communism Centre to centre-left
Social Democratic Party
(Merged with old Liberal Party
to make Liberal Democrats)
1981–1988 Robert Maclennan[Note 9] Social democracy, Social liberalism Centre
Trust Party 2010–2011 Stuart Wheeler Soft Euroscepticism N/A
United in Europe 2014–2015 Charles Cormack Pro-Europeanism Single-issue
Veritas 2005–2015 Therese Muchewicz Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
Referendum Party 1994–1997 James Goldsmith Euroscepticism Single-issue
No2EU 2009–2014 No clear leader Euroscepticism, Socialism Left-wing
We Demand a Referendum Now 2012–2014 Nikki Sinclaire Euroscepticism Single-issue
Independence from Europe 2012–2017 Mike Nattrass Euroscepticism, State ownership,
Direct democracy, English devolution
Right-wing
Socialist People's Party (Furness) 1995–2015 Jim Hamezian Socialism Left-wing
Pro-Euro Conservative Party 1999–2001 John Stevens
Brendan Donnelly
One-nation conservatism, Liberal conservatism,
Pro-Europeanism
Centre to centre-right
Respect Party 2004–2016 George Galloway Anti-war, Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Anti-imperialism,
Anti-Zionism
Left-wing to far-left
Left List 2008–2010 Collective leadership Socialism Left-wing
Class War 2014–2015 No clear leader Anarchism Left-wing to far-left
November 9th Society 1977–2009 Kevin Quinn Neo-Nazism, White nationalism, White supremacy Far-right
National Democrats 1995–2011 No clear leader British nationalism, Right-wing populism, Third positionism,
Euroscepticism, National conservatism
Far-right
White Nationalist Party 2002–2005 No clear leader White nationalism, Neo-fascism, White supremacy Far-right
Freedom Party 2000–2006 Adrian Davies Anti-immigration, Protectionism Right-wing to far-right
England First 2003–2012 Mark Cotterill Ethnic nationalism, English nationalism,
English independence, Euroscepticism
Far-right
Nationalist Alliance 2005–2008 Catherine Parker-Brown White supremacy Far-right
British Freedom Party 2010–2012 Kevin Carroll British nationalism, Euroscepticism, Anti-Islam Far-right
Liberty GB 2013–2017 Paul Weston Hard Euroscepticism, Right-wing populism,
British nationalism, Social conservatism
Far-right
Boston Bypass Independents 2006–2011 Richard Austin Localism N/A
Community Action Party 2002–2016 Michael Moulding Environmentalism, Localism Centre-left
The Community Group (Hounslow) 1994–2016 Ian Speed Localism N/A
For Darwen Party 2007–2013 Stephen Potter Localism, Hard Euroscepticism N/A
Free England Party 2008–2009 Tom Wyatt English nationalism, Civic nationalism,
English independence, Euroscepticism
Right-wing
Northern Party 2015–2016 Michael Dawson Northern England Regionalism N/A
One London 2005–2008 Damian Hockney Euroscepticism N/A
People's Democratic Party 2012–2017 Lee Robert Holmes Localism, Centrism, Social justice, Populism Centre
Communist Party of Scotland 1992–2017(?) No clear leader Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Scottish independence Far-left
East Kilbride Alliance 2007–2012 No clear leader Localism Centre-left
Fishing Party (Scotland) 2003–2004 George Geddes N/A Single-issue
Free Scotland Party 2004–2012 Brian Nugent Scottish independence, Scottish nationalism,
Hard Euroscepticism
N/A
Highlands and Islands Alliance 1998–2004 Lorraine Mann Localism, Regionalism, Soft Euroscepticism N/A
Publican Party 2005–2007 No clear leader Anti-smoking ban Single-issue
Scotland Against Crooked Lawyers 2006–2015 No clear leader N/A N/A
Scottish Jacobite Party 2005–2007 &
2010–2011
John Black Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism,
Euroscepticism
N/A
Scottish Enterprise Party
(Now Scottish Democratic Alliance)
2004–2009 Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Voice 2007–2012 Archie Stirling N/A Centre-right
Blaenau Gwent People's Voice 2005–2010 No clear leader Localism, Populism N/A
Cymru Annibynnol 2000–2004 No clear leader Welsh independence, Republicanism, Welsh nationalism Centre-left to left-wing
Forward Wales 2003–2010 John Marek Socialism, Welsh nationalism Left-wing
NI21 2013–2016 Basil McCrea Ulster unionism, Social liberalism, Secularism,
Nonsectarianism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre
Northern Ireland Women's Coalition 1996–2006 Monica McWilliams
Pearl Sagar
Feminism, Nonsectarianism N/A
Protestant Coalition 2013–2015 Robert McKee Irish unionism, Ulster loyalism, British nationalism,
Christian fundamentalism, Christian right
Far-right
Ulster Popular Unionist Party 1980–1995 James Kilfedder British unionism, Pro-devolution Centre-right
UK Unionist Party 1995–2008 Robert McCartney British unionism, Nonsectarianism, Integrationism Centre-right
United Ulster Unionist Party 1975–1984 Ernest Baird Ulster loyalism N/A
Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party 1972–1978 William Craig British nationalism, Ulster loyalism Right-wing to far-right
ProLife Alliance 1996–2004 Josephine Quintavalle
Bruno Quintavalle
Anti-abortion Single-issue
Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality 2010 Harry Cole Political satire N/A
Death, Dungeons and Taxes Party 2005 No clear leader Political satire N/A
Fancy Dress Party 1979–2017 Steven Fumpleton Political satire N/A
Free Party 2001–2002 No clear leader N/A N/A
Miss Great Britain Party 2008–2009 Robert de Keyser "Beauty" (self declared), Political satire N/A
MP3 Party 2002–2007 Ruslan Fedorovsky Political satire N/A
Raving Loony Green Giant Party 1989–1993 Stuart Hughes Environmentalism, Political satire N/A
Rock 'n' Roll Loony Party 2000–2007 Chris Driver Political satire N/A

Historical parties[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Including 26 as Lab Co-op.
  2. ^ The Speaker, Sir Lindsay Hoyle, is not included in this tally as the speaker stands in the election as "Speaker seeking re-election" and no longer has ties with their original party.
  3. ^ Including 7 as Lab Co-op.
  4. ^ Including 11 as Lab Co-op.
  5. ^ Excluding approximately 11,100 as Lab Co-op as membership subscription is independent from The Labour Party.
  6. ^ Sinn Fein operate a policy of Abstentionism and do not take their Commons seats
  7. ^ Party operates a policy of collective leadership, but Eamonn McCann is listed as the party's leader for the purposes of registration to the UK Electoral Commission.
  8. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Robert Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.
  9. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by David Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.

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External links[edit]