List of Freemasons (A–D)

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This is a list of notable Freemasons. Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that exists in a number of forms worldwide. Throughout history some members of the fraternity have made no secret of their involvement, while others have not made their membership public. In some cases, membership can only be proven by searching through the fraternity's records. Such records are most often kept at the individual lodge level, and may be lost due to fire, flood, deterioration, or simple carelessness. Grand Lodge governance may have shifted or reorganized, resulting in further loss of records on the member or the name, number, location or even existence of the lodge in question. In areas of the world where Masonry has been suppressed by governments, records of entire grand lodges have been destroyed. Because of this, masonic membership can sometimes be difficult to verify.

Standards of "proof" for those on this list may vary widely; some figures with no verified lodge affiliation are claimed as Masons if reliable sources give anecdotal evidence suggesting they were familiar with the "secret" signs and passes, but other figures are rejected over technical questions of regularity in the lodge that initiated them. Where available, specific lodge membership information is provided; where serious questions of verification have been noted by other sources, this is also indicated.

A[edit]

  • John Aasen (1890–1938), American silent film actor. Highland Park Lodge No. 382 Los Angeles, California.[1][2][3]
  • José Abad Santos (1886–1942), fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and Acting President of the Philippines during World War II.[4]
  • Leon Abbett (1835–1894) American politician, served as Governor of New Jersey, from 1884 to 1887 and from 1890 to 1893. Member Mystic Tie Lodge 272 (New York City) and several others.[1]
  • John Abbott (1821–1893) Canadian Prime Minister. Initiated: St. Paul's, No. 374, E.R., Montreal, 1847.[5]
  • Joseph Palmer Abbott (1842–1901) Australian politician, 1899[6]
  • Robert S. Abbott (1870–1940) African-American lawyer and newspaper publisher[7][8][9]
  • William "Bud" Abbott (1895–1974) American comedian and actor (part of the Abbott & Costello comedy team).[10][11]
  • Abdelkader El Djezairi (1808–1883) Algerian Islamic scholar, Sufi, political and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century.[1][12][13]
  • Nicanor Abelardo (1893–1934) Filipino composer. Raised in Luzon Lodge No. 57[14]
  • Ralph Abercromby (1734–1801) Scottish soldier (Lieutenant-general in the British Army) and politician (MP 1774–1780, 1784–1786)[15]
  • Thomas Abernethy (16 May 1903 – 11 June 1998) member of the United States House of Representatives from Mississippi. Received degrees in Eupora Lodge No. 423, Europa, Mississippi.[1]
  • Edmond François Valentin About (14 February 1828 – 16 January 1885) French novelist, publicist and journalist.[1]
  • Benjamin Abrams (18 August 1893 – 23 June 1967) Romanian-born American businessman and a founder of the Emerson Radio & Phonograph Corporation. Member of Farragut Lodge No. 976, New York City.[1]
  • Franz Abt (22 December 1819 – 31 March 1885) German composer and choral conductor. Initiated in Brunswick Lodge in 1853.[1]
  • Roy Acuff (1903–1992), American country music singer.[16]
  • Major General Sir Allan Adair, 6th Baronet, GCVO, CB, DSO, MC & Bar, JP, DL (3 November 1897 – 4 August 1988), was a British Army general who served in both World Wars. Household Brigade Lodge No. 2614 and appointed Assistant Grand Master of the G.L. of England in 1953.[1]
  • E. Ross Adair (14 December 1907 – 5 May 1983) U.S. Representative from Indiana. Raised in Albion Lodge No. 97, Albion, Indiana.[1]
  • Alva Adams (14 May 1850 – 1 November 1922) three time governor of Colorado. Member of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction).[1]
  • Alva B. Adams (29 October 1875 – 1 December 1941) United States Senator Colorado.[1]
  • Andrew Adams (7 January 1736 – 26 November 1797) Delegate for Connecticut to the Continental Congress and later Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court. Member of St. Paul's Lodge No. 11, Litchfield, Connecticut.[1]
  • Charles Adams (18 October 1876 – 2 October 1947) American businessman and sports promoter. Was a Knight Templar and Shriner.[1]
  • Frank R. Adams (7 July 1883 – 8 October 1963) American author, screenwriter, composer, and newspaper reporter.[1]
  • Jasper Adams (27 August 1793 – 25 October 1841) American clergyman, college professor, and college president. Raised in Mt. Vernon Lodge No. 4, Providence, Rhode Island.[1]
  • Sherman Adams (1899–1986) American politician (Elected to U.S. Congress and as Governor of New Hampshire).[1][10]
  • Samuel Adams (5 June 1805 – 27 February 1850) third governor of Arkansas. Junior Warden pro-tem of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas in 1844.[1]
  • Wilbur L. Adams (23 October 1884 – 4 December 1937) American lawyer and politician from Delaware. Served as U.S. Representative from Delaware.[1]
  • Henry Adamson (1581–1639) Scottish poet and historian. Wrote one of the earliest known references to the Mason's Word.[1]
  • Michael Adeane, Baron Adeane Lieutenant-Colonel, GCB, GCVO, PC (30 September 1910 – 30 April 1984), was Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II during the first twenty years of her reign and to her father, King George VI prior. Served as Senior Grand Deacon of the Grand Lodge of England in 1946.[1]
  • Charles Adkins (7 February 1863 – 31 March 1941) U.S. Representative from Illinois.[1]
  • Jesse Corcoran Adkins (13 April 1879 – 29 March 1955) United States federal judge in the District Court for the District of Columbia.[1]
  • Julius Ochs Adler (3 December 1892 – 3 October 1955) American publisher, journalist, and United States Army general. Member of Justice Lodge No. 753 of New York City.[1]
  • Adolphus Frederick IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (5 May 1738 – 2 June 1794), Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Member of the Lodge at New-Brandeburg.[1]
  • Adolf Frederick (14 July 1710 – 12 February 1771) King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. Master of a Stockholm lodge and received the title of Protector of Swedish Freemasonry in 1762.[1]
  • Ignacio Agramonte (1841–1873) Cuban revolutionary, who played an important part in the Ten Years' War (1868–1878).[1]
  • Gregorio Aglipay (1860–1940) Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church.[17]
  • Emilio Aguinaldo (1869–1964), President of the Philippines. Pilar Lodge No. 203 (now Pilar Lodge No. 15) at Imus Cavite and was founder of Magdalo Lodge No. 31 (renamed Emilio Aguinaldo Lodge No. 31 in his honor).[10]
  • Agustín I of Mexico (1783–1824) Emperor of Mexico[18]
  • William David Blakeslee Ainey (8 April 1864 – 4 September 1932) Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.[1]
  • John C. Ainsworth (6 June 1822 – 30 December 1893) American pioneer businessman and steamboat owner in Oregon. Helped organize the Grand Lodge of Oregon and served as grand master 1854–55.[1]
  • Milburn Akers (1900–1970) Chicago journalist, chairman of the Board of Trustees of McKendree College, and the ninth president of Shimer College.[1]
  • George Edward Akerson (1889–1937) American journalist, and the first official White House Press Secretary. Received 32° in Minneapolis 27 February 1929.[1]
  • Adeyemo Alakija KBE (25 May 1884 – 1952) Nigerian lawyer, politician and businessman. Co-founded the Daily Times of Nigeria. Member Star of Nigeria Chapter No. 255, R.A.M. 23° AASR.[1]
  • Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel Order of Santiago, Order of Charles III, KCB, MWO (7 July 1770 – 14 July 1843) Spanish general and statesman. Imprisoned in 1814 for being a Freemason.[1]
  • Juan Bautista Alberdi (29 August 1810 – 19 June 1884) Argentine political theorist and diplomat.[1]
  • Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (8 January 1864 – 14 January 1892) eldest son of King Edward VII.[1]
  • Carl Albert (10 May 1908 – 4 February 2000) American politician. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1971 to 1977. Member of South McAlester Lodge No. 96, Mc- Alester, Okla. (1946), 32° Indian Consistory, AASR (SJ) and DeMolay Legion of Honor.[1]
  • Horace M. Albright (6 January 1890 – 28 March 1987) American conservationist.[1]
  • James L. Alcorn (4 November 1816 – 19 December 1894) leading southern white Republican during Reconstruction in Mississippi, where he served as governor and U.S. Senator.[1]
  • Chester Hardy Aldrich (10 November 1862 – 10 March 1924) American politician. 16th governor of Nebraska and justice of the Nebraska Supreme Court.[1]
  • Nelson W. Aldrich (1841–1915) United States Senator from Rhode Island. Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Rhode Island 1877–78, member of What Cheer lodge.[10]
  • Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin (1930–) American astronaut. Second human to set foot on Extra-Terrestrial soil. Member of Montclair Lodge No. 144 of New Jersey.[19][20][21][22]
  • Elizabeth Aldworth (1693/95[23]-1773/1775[23]) noted female Mason. Entered Apprentice and Fellowcraft Degree in 1712.[24]
  • Vasile Alecsandri (1821–1890) Romanian poet, playwright, politician and diplomat.[25]
  • Miguel Alemán Valdés (29 September 1900 – 14 May 1983) President of Mexico from 1946 to 1952. Initiated, Passed, and Raised in Antiquities Lodge No. 9 of Grand Lodge Valle de Mexico. Later demitted to City of Mexico Lodge No. 35.[1]
  • Alexander I of Russia (1777–1825) Czar of Russia from 1801 to 1825. Banned all secret societies in 1801, but rescinded the prohibition in 1803. He banned Freemasonry in Russia in 1822 due to concerns of political power of some lodges.[1]
  • Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1888–1934) last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1921–29) and first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929–34).[26]
  • Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia (1924-2016), Serbian royal prince, initiated in the GLNF, and a member of multiple UGLE lodges, including Royal Sussex No 53, and Entente Cordiale No 9657.[27]
  • George Forrest Alexander (10 April 1882 – 16 May 1948) judge of the United States territorial court for the Alaska Territory from 1933 to 1947. President of the Juneau Shrine Club 1934–39.[1]
  • Grover Cleveland Alexander (26 February 1887 – 4 November 1950) American Major League Baseball pitcher. Raised in St. Paul Lodge No. 82, St. Paul Nebraska in 1923. Expelled for un-Masonic conduct in 1930.[1]
  • Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis KG PC GCB OM GCMG CSI DSO MC CD PC(Can) (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) British military commander and field marshal. Served in both World Wars. Governor General of Canada from 1946–1952. Past grand steward andpast grand warden of the G.L. of England.[1]
  • Nathaniel Alexander (5 March 1756 – 7 March 1808) 13th Governor of North Carolina. Officer of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1802, 1803, 1806, 1807 and was senior grand deacon at his death in 1808.[1]
  • Alexander, Prince of Orange (25 August 1851 – 21 June 1884) heir apparent of King William III of the Netherlands from 11 June 1879 until his death. Grand Master of the Netherlands.[1]
  • Bernardo Soto Alfaro (1854–1931) President of Costa Rica from 1885–1889. Member of Esperanza Lodge.[1]
  • Eloy Alfaro (25 June 1842 – 28 January 1912) served as President of Ecuador from 1895 to 1901 and from 1906 to 1911.[1]
  • Bruce Alger (12 June 1918 - April 13, 2015) member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas.[1]
  • Russell A. Alger (27 February 1836 – 24 January 1907), 20th Governor and U.S. Senator from Michigan. U.S. Secretary of War during the Presidential administration of William McKinley. Major General in the UNion Army during the American Civil War. Raised in 1895 in Corinthian Lodge No. 241 in Detroit.[1]
  • Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet GCB FRSE (29 December 1792 – 23 May 1867) Scottish Historian.[1]
  • J. Frank Allee (2 December 1857 – 12 October 1938) American merchant and politician. U.S. Senator from Delaware.[1]
  • Alfred G. Allen (23 July 1867 – 9 December 1932) U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1]
  • Charles Herbert Allen (15 April 1848 – 20 April 1934) American politician and businessman. Served in the Massachusetts state legislature and senate, and in the United States House of Representatives. First United States-appointed civilian governor of Puerto Rico. Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the administration of William McKinley. Member of William North Lodge of Lowell, Massachusetts.[1]
  • Ethan Allen (1 January 1904 – 15 September 1993) American Major League Baseball player from 1926 to 1938. Member of Yeatman Lodge No. 162, Cincinnati, Ohio.[1]
  • Frank G. Allen (6 October 1874 – 9 October 1950) 51st Governor of Massachusetts. Raised in Orient Lodge, Norwood, Massachusetts.[1]
  • Henry Justin Allen (11 September 1868 – 17 January 1950) 21st Governor of Kansas (1919–1923) and U.S. Senator from Kansas (1929–31).[1]
  • Ira Allen (21 April 1751 in Cornwall, Connecticut – 7 January 1814) one of the founders of Vermont, and leaders of the Green Mountain Boys. Brother of Ethan Allen. Vermont Lodge No. 1 of Charleston, New Hampshire.[1]
  • John Allen, 3rd Viscount Allen (11 June 1713 – 25 May 1745) Irish peer and politician. Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland.[1][28]
  • Oscar K. Allen (8 August 1882 – 28 January 1936) 42nd Governor of Louisiana. Member of Eastern Star Lodge No. 151, Winnfield, Louisiana.[1]
  • Salvador Allende (1908–1973) President of Chile (1970–1973). Lodge Progreso No. 4, Valparaíso.[29][30]
  • Roger Allin (18 December 1848 – 1 January 1936) fourth Governor of North Dakota. Golden Valley Lodge No. 6, Park River, North Dakota.[1]
  • William B. Allison (2 March 1829 — 4 August 1908) early leader of the Iowa Republican Party. Member of both houses of the United States Legislature. Charter member of Mosaic Lodge No. 125 of Dubuque. Honorary senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Iowa in 1889.[1]
  • James Allred (29 March 1899 – 24 September 1959) 33rd Governor of Texas. Later a United States federal judge. Raised in Bowie Lodge No. 578 in 1920.[1]
  • Edward B. Almon (18 April 1860 – 22 June 1933) United States Representative from Alabama.[1]
  • James Lindsay Almond Jr. (15 June 1898 – 15 April 1986) 58th Governor of Virginia. United States federal judge.[1]
  • Alfred S. Alschuler (1876 – 11 June 1940) prolific Chicago architect.[1]
  • Richard Alsop (1761–1815) American merchant and author. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 2, Middletown, Connecticut.[1]
  • Paul Althouse (2 December 1889 – 6 February 1954) American opera singer. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 435, Reading, Pennsylvania.[1]
  • Carlos María de Alvear (25 October 1789 – 3 November 1852) Argentine soldier and statesman. Co-founder of the Lau-taro Lodge in 1812.[1]
  • Leo Amery (1873–1955), British journalist and politician.[31][32]
  • Albert Alonzo "Doc" Ames (1842–1911) mayor of Minneapolis whose corruption was exposed by muckraking journalist Lincoln Steffens in the 1903 article, The Shame of Minneapolis. His obituary in the Minneapolis Morning Tribune described him as a 33rd degree Freemason and the Knights Templar.[33][34]
  • Ezra Ames (1768–1836) American portrait painter[10]
  • Oliver Ames (4 February 1831 – 22 October 1895) 35th Governor of Massachusetts. Primary lodge membership unknown, but made honorary member of Columbian Lodge of Boston.[1]
  • William Amherst, 3rd Earl Amherst (1836–1910) British nobleman and politician[35]
  • Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) Norwegian polar explorer and discoverer of South Pole.[1]
  • Abdul Rahman Andak (1859-1930) Malaysian politician[citation needed]
  • Clinton Presba Anderson (23 October 1895 – 11 November 1975) U.S. Representative from New Mexico, the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, and a U.S. Senator from New Mexico. Raised in Albuquerque Lodge No. 60 in 1917.[1]
  • George T. Anderson (3 February 1824 – 4 April 1901) General of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.[1]
  • Heartley "Hunk "Anderson (22 September 1898 – 24 April 1978) American football player and coach. Coached for Notre Dame, the Chicago Bears among others. Calumet Lodge No. 271, Calumet, Michigan.[1]
  • Jack Z. Anderson (22 March 1904 – 9 February 1981) U.S. Representative from California. Raised in Texas Lodge No. 46, San Juan Bautista, California in 1946.[1]
  • James Anderson (1679ca. 1679/1680–1739), Presbyterian minister best known for his influence on the early development of Freemasonry. Author of "The Constitutions of the Free-Masons" (1723) and The New Book of Constitutions of the Antient and Honourable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons (1738)[36]
  • Joseph Anderson (5 November 1757 – 17 April 1837) United States Senator from Tennessee and first Comptroller of the United States Treasury. Military Lodge No. 19 of Pennsylvania and Lodge No. 36 in the New Jersey Brigade during the American Revolution. After the war was a member of Princeton Lodge No. 38 of New Jersey.[1]
  • Robert Anderson (14 June 1805 – 26 October 1871) Union Army officer in the American Civil War, known for being the commander of Fort Sumter at the beginning of the war. Raised in Mercer Lodge No. 50, Trenton, New Jersey in 1858. Honorary member of Pacific Lodge No. 233 of New York City.[1]
  • Robert B. Anderson (4 June 1910 – 14 August 1989) United States Secretary of the Navy and later Secretary of the Treasury during the Eisenhower Administration. Member of Vernon Lodge No. 655 Vernon, Texas and was later an officer of the Grand Lodge of Texas.[1]
  • Robert H. Anderson (1 October 1835 – 8 February 1888) Cavalry and artillery officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Attained the rank of brigadier general. Commander of Palestine Commandery, Knights Templar No. 7 at Savannah, Georgia in the 1880s.[1]
  • Rudolph Martin Anderson (30 June 1876 – 21 June 1961) Canadian zoologist and explorer.[1]
  • Sigurd Anderson (22 January 1904 – 21 December 1990) 19th Governor of South Dakota. Raised in Coteau Lodge No. 54 at Webster, South Dakota in 1943.[1]
  • Victor Emanuel Anderson (30 March 1902 – 15 August 1962) 28th Governor of Nebraska. Raised in George Washington Lodge No. 250, Lincoln, Nebraska in 1928.[1]
  • William F. Anderson (1860–1944) American Methodist pastor, writer, and educator who served as Bishop of Chattanooga, Cincinnati, and Boston and was Acting President of Boston University from 1 January 1925 to 15 May 1926.[1]
  • William Hamilton Anderson (1874–c. 1959) American Prohibitionist.[1]
  • Charles Anderson-Pelham (1749–1823) British politician, Member of Parliament (1768–1794)[37]
  • Edward Andrade (1887–1971) English physicist. Initiated into Lodge Progresso No. 4 in 1935.[38]
  • Ignacio Andrade (31 July 1839 – 17 February 1925) President of Venezuela from 1898–1899.[1]
  • Johannes Valentinus Andreae (17 August 1586 – 27 June 1654) Protestant theologian, alchemist, satirical writer and early Rosicrucian. Believed to have been a Mason.[1]
  • Louis André (1838–1913) French soldier, Minister of War from 1900 until 1904[39][40]
  • Charles O. Andrews (7 March 1877 – 18 September 1946) United States Senator from Floridam1936 until 1946. Orlando Lodge No. 69.[1]
  • Frank Andrews (15 June 1864 – 7 December 1936) first Assistant Attorney General of Texas.[1]
  • Robert Andrews (c. 1750–1804) chaplain of the 2nd Virginia regiment in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Early Grand Master of Virginia. Member of Williamsburg Lodge No. 6.[1]
  • Ivo Andrić (1892–1975), Yugoslav writer and Nobel Prize laureate[26]
  • Frank M. Angellotti (4 September 1861 – 23 May 1932) Chief Justice of California from 1915–1921. Raised in Marin Lodge No. 191, San Rafael, California in 1886. Grand Master of California 1888–1889.[1]
  • Levi Ankeny (1 August 1844 – 29 March 1921) United States Senator from the state of Washington. Became a member of Willamette Lodge No. 2 of Portland in 1866, affiliating with Walla Walla Lodge No. 7 in 1878, serving as master in 1881.[1]
  • Martin Frederick Ansel (12 December 1850 – 23 August 1945) 89th Governor of South Carolina.[1]
  • Martin C. Ansorge (1 January 1882 – 4 February 1967) United States Representative from New York. Mt. Nebo Lodge No. 257, New York City.[1]
  • Jules Anspach (1829–1879) Belgian politician.[41]
  • Galicano Apacible (1864–1949) Filipino politician.[citation needed]
  • Apathy (1979-) stage name of underground rapper, born Chad Bromley. Wooster Lodge No. 10, Colchester, Connecticut.[42]
  • Raymond Apple (1935–) Chief Rabbi, Great Synagogue (Sydney), Australia, (1972–2005).[43]
  • T. Frank Appleby (10 October 1864 – 15 December 1924) United States Representative from New Jersey.[1]
  • Sir Edward Victor Appleton (1892–1965) British physicist. Nobel Prize 1947. Isaac Newton Lodge No. 859, Cambridge.[44]
  • Matthew Arbuckle (1778–1851) career soldier in the U.S. Army closely identified with the Indian Territory.[1]
  • John Arbuthnot (1667–1735) British physician and satirist[1][45]
  • Branch T. Archer (1790–1856) Texan Commissioner to the United States, Speaker of the House of the Republic of Texas House of Representatives, and Secretary of War of the Republic of Texas. Raised in Harmony Lodge No. 62 at Pridewell Virginia.[1]
  • Dennis Archer (1942–) U.S. politician. Geometry Lodge #49 (Prince Hall), Detroit[46][47][48]
  • Leslie C. Arends (27 September 1895 – 17 July 1985) United States Representative from Illinois.[1]
  • Constantin Argetoianu (1871–1955) Prime Minister of Romania[25]
  • Richard Arlen (1 September 1899 – 28 March 1976) American actor of film and television. Member Utopia Lodge No. 537, Los Angeles, California.[1]
  • Lewis Armistead (1817–1863) Confederate general during the American Civil War. Alexandria-Washington Lodge #22, Alexandria, Virginia[49]
  • David H. Armstrong (21 October 1812 – 18 March 1893) United States Senator from Missouri. Member of Washington Lodge No. 9 of St. Louis.[1]
  • Henry W. Armstrong (22 July 1879 – 28 February 1951) American boxer, booking agent, producer, singer, pianist and Tin Pan Alley composer. Composed the song Sweet Adeline. Raised in 1922 in Montgomery Lodge No. 68, New York City.[1]
  • John Armstrong Jr. (1758–1843) American soldier, delegate to the Continental Congress, United States Senator and United States Secretary of War. Hibernia Lodge No. 339, New York.[1]
  • Sir Richard Armstrong (c. 1782–3 March 1854) British Army officer. Commander of the British forces in Canada West from 1842 to 1848.[1]
  • Edward F. Arn (19 May 1906 – 22 January 1998) 32nd Governor of Kansas. Raised in Wyandotte Lodge No. 3, Kansas City, Kansas in 1927. Member of the International Supreme Council of the Order of DeMolay. Deputy to imperial potentate of the Shrine in 1954–55.[1]
  • Ellis Arnall (20 March 1907 – 13 December 1992) 69th Governor of the U.S. state of Georgia from 1943 to 1947. Member of Cowetta Lodge No. 60 at Newnan, Georgia.[1]
  • Thomas Arne (1710–1778) British Composer of Rule Britannia[32][38]
  • Benedict Arnold (1741–1801) American general and traitor, Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven, Connecticut[50]
  • Eddy Arnold (1918–2008) American country music singer. East Nashville Lodge 560 F& A.M. East Nashville, TN[10][51]
  • Henry H. Arnold (1886–1950) American general, only person to hold five-star rank in two branches of service. Union Lodge No. 7, KS.[52]
  • Samuel W. (Wat) Arnold (21 September 1879 – 18 December 1961) U.S. Representative from Missouri. Member of Adair Lodge No. 366, Kirksville, Missouri.[1]
  • William W. Arnold (14 October 1877 – 23 November 1957) U.S. Representative from Illinois.[1]
  • J. Hugo Aronson (1 September 1891 – 25 February 1978) 14th Governor of the U.S. State of Montana. Received degrees in Shelby Lodge No. 143, in 1924 and later demitted to Cut Bank Lodge No. 82 in Cut Bank, both in Montana. King Gustav VI Adolf q.v. of Sweden appointed him as representative of the G.L. of Sweden to the G.L. of Montana.[1]
  • François-Marie Arouet See Voltaire
  • Harold J. Arthur (1904–1971) 68th Governor of the U.S. State of Vermont from 1950 to 1951.[1]
  • Jacob Arvey (3 November 1895 – 25 August 1977) influential Chicago political leader from the Depression era until the mid-1950s.[1]
  • Gheorghe Asachi (1788–1869), Romanian writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator.[25]
  • Frank G. Ashbrook (20 October 1892 – 15 September 1966) American mammalogist.[1]
  • William A. Ashbrook (1 July 1867 – 1 January 1940) U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1]
  • Turner Ashby (23 October 1828 – 6 June 1862) Confederate cavalry commander in the American Civil War. He had achieved prominence as Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's cavalry commander. Member of Equality Lodge No. 44, Martinsburg, West Virginia.[1]
  • Bowman Foster Ashe (3 April 1885 – 16 December 1952) U.S. educator who served as the first president of the University of Miami.[1]
  • James Mitchell Ashley (14 November 1824 – 16 September 1896) U.S. congressman, territorial governor of Montana and railroad president. Raised in 1853 in Toledo Lodge No. 144, Toledo, Ohio.[1]
  • Elias Ashmole (1617–1692) English antiquary and politician, Warrington Lodge, Lancashire[53]
  • Wayne N. Aspinall (3 April 1896 – 9 October 1983) U.S. Representative from Colorado. Raised in Palisade Lodge No. 125, Palisade, Colorado. in 1926.[1]
  • John Jacob Astor (1763–1848) American financier, The Holland Lodge No. 8, New York, 1790[54]
  • David Rice Atchison (11 August 1807 – 26 January 1886) U.S. Senator from Missouri. Known for the claim that for one day (4 March 1849) he may have been Acting President of the United States. Member of Platte Lodge No. 56, Platte City, Missouri.[1]
  • King Æthelstan (c. 893/895–27 October 939) King of the West Saxons from 924 to 927, and King of the English from 927 to 939. It is claimed that he brought Masonry to England in the Regius Poem.[1]
  • John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl (6 May 1729 – 5 November 1774) Scottish peer and Tory politician. Succeeded his father as Grand Master of Grand Lodge of England in 1775, serving until 1781 and again from 1791–1813. Was Grand Master of Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1778 to 1779.[1]
  • John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl Scottish politician, Grand Master of Scotland (1778–1780)[55]
  • George Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl (20 September 1814 – 16 January 1864) Scottish peer. Served as 66th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1843–1863. Grand Master of England from 1843 until his death in January, 1864.[1]
  • John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl (15 December 1871 – 16 March 1942) Scottish soldier and Conservative politician. Served as 79th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1909–1913.[1]
  • Smith D. Atkins (9 June 1836 – 27 March 1913) American newspaper editor, lawyer, and a Union Army colonel during the American Civil War.[1]
  • Arthur K. Atkinson (19 October 1891–?) President of the Wabash Railroad in the mid-20th century. Member of University City Lodge No. 649, Missouri.[1]
  • George W. Atkinson (29 June 1845 – 4 April 1925) tenth Governor of West Virginia. Raised in Kanawha Lodge No. 20, Charleston, West Virginia 12 October 1866. Grand master of West Virginia in 1876 and Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of West Virginia from 1897 to 1901.[1]
  • William Yates Atkinson (11 November 1854 – 8 August 1899) 55th Governor of Georgia.[1]
  • William Wallace Atterbury (31 January 1866 – 20 September 1935) tenth president of the Pennsylvania Railroad. American Brigadier General during World War I and built the American Army railroads in France during the War. Raised in Colonial Lodge No. 631, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1895.[1]
  • John James Audubon (1785–1851) American ornithologist and artist[44]
  • Arnold Jacob "Red" Auerbach (20 September 1917 – 28 October 2006), American basketball coach[56]}
  • John Auldjo (1805–1886) British explorer, Alpinist, engraver and author[45]
  • Henry Aurand (16 November 1894 – 1980) career United States Army officer who served in World War I, World War II and the Korean War. Member of Shamokin Lodge No. 255, Shamokin, Pennsylvania.[1]
  • Moses Austin (4 October 1761 – 10 June 1821) secured a grant of 200,000 acres in the province of Texas (under New Spain) on 17 January 1821, but died on his return trip to home in Missouri. His son Stephen F. Austin carried out the colonization of Texas.[1]
  • Stephen F. Austin (1793–1836) Secretary of State for the Republic of Texas. Louisiana Lodge No. 109, Missouri.[10]
  • Warren Austin (12 November 1877 – 25 December 1962) American politician and statesman; among other roles, he served as Senator from Vermont and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. Raised in Brattleboro Lodge No. 102 at Burlington, Vermont.[1]
  • Gene Autry (1907–1998), Movie and television star, Catoosa Lodge No. 185, Oklahoma[11][57][58]
  • William H. Avery (11 August 1911 – 4 November 2009) 37th Governor of Kansas. Received degrees in Wakefield Lodge No. 396, Wakefield, Kansas.[1]
  • Samuel Beach Axtell (14 October 1819 – 7 August 1891) notable for being the most controversial Chief Justice of the New Mexico Territorial Supreme Court; corrupted administration as Governor of New Mexico; brief tenure as Governor of Utah; and two term Congressman from California. Member of Amador Lodge No. 65, Jackson, California.[1]
  • Charles Brantley Aycock (11 November 1859 – 4 April 1912) 50th Governor of the State of North Carolina. He served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1897.[1]
  • William Augustus Ayres (19 April 1867 – 17 February 1952) member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas.[1]
  • Allen Bristol Aylesworth (1854–1952), Canadian politician. Member of Ionic Lodge No. 25 in Toronto,[59]
  • William Edmondstoune Aytoun (21 June 1813 – 4 August 1865) Scottish lawyer and poet. Active member the Scottish Grand Lodge and representative there of the Grand Lodge Royal York of Germany.[1]
  • Miguel de Azcuénaga (4 June 1754 – 19 December 1833) Argentine patriot.[1]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

References[edit]

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