List of Japanese cities by population

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a list of cities in Japan by population. The following table indicates all cities in Japan that have a population greater than 200,000 as of the 2010 Japan Census.[1][2] Prefectural capitals are indicated in bold. Japan has many major cities. Many of these cities are crowded into a relatively small area of land along the Pacific coast of Honshu, between Tokyo and Fukuoka. This heavily urbanized strip is known as the Taiheiyō Belt or the Tōkaidō corridor. The latter name refers to the historic highway that connected the cities of Tokyo and Kyoto, which has now been replaced by expressways and the high-speed Shinkansen railway line ("Bullet Train").

List[edit]

Abbreviations:
2015 Pop.: Legal Population, as of October 1, 2015.
2005 Pop.: Legal Population, as of October 1, 2005.
Prefectural capitals are in bold.
Rank Prefecture City 2010
Pop.[3]
2005
Pop.[4]
Growth
in %
Area
(sq mi)
Density
per mi²
Status
- TokyoTokyo Tokyo 8,949,447 8,489,653 5.42 240.1 37,274 Group of special wards.
1 Kanagawa Yokohama 3,689,603 3,579,628 3.07 168.9 21,845 Government ordinance city
2 OsakaOsaka OsakaOsaka 2,666,371 2,628,811 1.43 85.8 31,077 Government ordinance city
3 Aichi Nagoya 2,263,907 2,215,062 2.21 126.0 17,968 Government ordinance city
4 Hokkaido Sapporo 1,914,434 1,880,863 1.78 432.9 4,422 Government ordinance city
5 Hyōgo KobeKōbe 1,544,873 1,525,393 1.78 213.4 7,239 Government ordinance city
6 Kyoto Kyoto 1,474,473 1,474,811 -0.02 319.7 4,612 Government ordinance city
7 Fukuoka Fukuoka 1,463,826 1,401,279 4.46 131.3 11,149 Government ordinance city
8 Kanagawa Kawasaki 1,425,678 1,327,011 7.44 55.7 25,596 Government ordinance city
9 Saitama Saitama 1,222,910 1,176,314 3.96 84.0 14,558 Government ordinance city
10 Hiroshima Hiroshima 1,174,209 1,154,391 1.72 349.4 3,361 Government ordinance city
11 Miyagi Sendai 1,045,903 1,025,126 2.03 305.2 3,427 Government ordinance city
12 Fukuoka Kitakyūshū 977,288 993,525 -1.63 188.0 5,198 Government ordinance city
13 Chiba Chiba 962,130 924,319 4.09 105.1 9,154 Government ordinance city
14 OsakaOsaka Sakai 842,134 830,966 1.34 57.9 14,545 Government ordinance city
15 Niigata Niigata 812,192 813,847 -0.20 280.3 2,898 Government ordinance city
16 Shizuoka Hamamatsu 800,912 804,032 -0.39 583.5 1,373 Government ordinance city
17 Kumamoto Kumamoto 734,294 727,978 0.87 150.4 4,882 Government ordinance city
18 Kanagawa Sagamihara 717,561 701,620 2.27 127.0 5,650 Government ordinance city
19 Shizuoka Shizuoka 716,328 723,323 -0.97 545.1 1,314 Government ordinance city
20 Okayama Okayama 709,622 696,172 1.93 305.0 2,327 Government ordinance city
21 Chiba Funabashi 609,081 569,835 6.89 33.1 18,401 Core city
22 Kagoshima Kagoshima 605,940 604,367 0.26 211.2 2,689 Core city
23 TokyoTokyo Hachiōji 579,799 560,012 3.53 71.9 8,064 Core city
24 Hyōgo Himeji 536,338 536,232 0.02 206.3 2,600 Core city
25 Ehime Matsuyama 517,088 514,937 0.42 165.6 3,123 Core city
26 Tochigi Utsunomiya 511,296 502,396 1.77 160.9 3,178 Core city
27 OsakaOsaka Higashiōsaka 509,632 513,821 -0.82 23.9 21,324 Core city
28 Saitama Kawaguchi 500,311 480,079 4.21 21.5 23,270 Special city
29 Chiba Matsudo 484,639 472,579 2.55 23.7 20,449
30 Hyōgo Nishinomiya 482,790 465,337 3.75 38.6 12,508 Core city
31 Okayama Kurashiki 475,421 469,377 1.29 137.0 3,470 Core city
32 Chiba Ichikawa 474,926 466,608 1.78 22.2 21,393
33 OitaŌita OitaŌita 473,955 462,317 2.52 193.5 2,449 Core city
34 Ishikawa Kanazawa 462,478 454,607 1.73 180.6 2,561 Core city
35 Hiroshima Fukuyama 461,471 459,087 0.52 200.0 2,307 Core city
36 Hyōgo Amagasaki 453,608 462,647 -1.95 19.2 23,625 Core city
37 Nagasaki Nagasaki 443,469 455,206 -2.58 156.9 2,826 Core city
38 TokyoTokyo Machida 426,827 404,544 5.25 27.7 15,409
39 Toyama Toyama 421,890 421,239 0.15 479.5 880 Core city
40 Aichi Toyota 421,552 412,141 2.28 354.6 1,189 Core city
41 Kagawa Takamatsu 419,291 418,125 0.28 144.8 2,896 Core city
42 Kanagawa Yokosuka 418,448 426,178 -1.81 38.9 10,757 Core city
43 Gifu Gifu 413,239 413,357 -0.03 78.3 5,278 Core city
44 Kanagawa Fujisawa 409,734 396,014 3.46 26.8 15,289
45 OsakaOsaka Hirakata 407,997 404,044 0.98 25.1 16,255 Special city
46 Chiba Kashiwa 404,079 380,963 6.07 44.09 9,164 Core City
47 Miyazaki Miyazaki 400,352 395,593 1.20 110.8 3,613 Core city
48 OsakaOsaka Toyonaka 389,359 386,623 0.71 14.0 27,811 Special city
49 Nagano Nagano 381,533 386,572 -1.30 184.9 2,063 Core city
50 Aichi Toyohashi 376,861 372,479 1.18 100.9 3,735 Core city
51 Aichi Ichinomiya 375,621 371,687 1.06 44.0 8,537 Special city
52 Aichi Okazaki 372,472 363,807 2.38 87.6 4,252 Core city
53 Gunma Takasaki 371,352 364,919 1.76 177.4 2,093 Special city
54 Wakayama Wakayama 369,400 375,591 -1.65 81.2 4,549 Core city
55 Nara Nara 366,528 370,102 -0.97 106.9 3,429 Core city
56 OsakaOsaka Takatsuki 357,423 351,826 1.59 40.7 8,782 Core city
57 OsakaOsaka Suita 355,567 353,885 0.48 13.9 25,580 Special city
58 Hokkaidō Asahikawa 347,275 355,004 -2.18 288.6 1,203 Core city
59 KōchiKōchi KōchiKōchi 343,416 348,990 -1.60 119.4 2,876 Core city
60 Saitama Kawagoe 342,714 333,795 2.67 42.1 8,140 Core city
61 Fukushima Iwaki 342,198 354,492 -3.47 475.4 720 Core city
62 Saitama Tokorozawa 341,900 336,100 1.73 27.8 12,299 Special city
63 Gunma Maebashi 340,390 340,904 -0.15 120.3 2,830 Core city
64 Fukushima KoriyamaKōriyama 338,772 338,834 -0.02 292.3 1,159 Core city
65 Shiga ŌtsuŌtsu 337,629 323,719 4.30 144.4 2,338 Core city
66 Saitama Koshigaya 326,423 315,792 3.37 23.3 14,010 Special city
67 Akita Akita 323,363 333,109 -2.93 349.7 925 Core city
68 Okinawa Naha 315,765 312,393 1.08 15.1 20,912
69 Mie Yokkaichi 307,807 303,845 1.30 79.4 3,877 Special city
70 Aichi Kasugai 305,662 295,802 3.33 35.8 8,538 Special city
71 Fukuoka Kurume 302,323 306,434 -1.34 88.7 3,408 Special city
72 Aomori Aomori 299,429 311,386 -3.84 318.3 941 Core city
73 Iwate Morioka 298,572 300,746 -0.72 342.3 872 Core city
74 Fukushima Fukushima 292,280 297,357 -1.71 288.2 1,014
75 Hyōgo Akashi 290,993 291,027 -0.01 19.0 15,315 Special city
76 Mie Tsu 285,728 288,538 -0.97 274.4 1,041
77 Niigata Nagaoka 282,719 288,457 -1.99 344.0 822 Special city
78 Yamaguchi Shimonoseki 280,987 290,693 -3.34 276.5 1,016 Core city
79 Chiba Ichihara 279,601 280,255 -0.23 142.2 1,966
80 Hokkaidō Hakodate 279,110 294,264 -5.15 261.7 1,067 Core city
81 OsakaOsaka Ibaraki 274,832 267,961 2.56 29.5 9,316 Special city
82 Ibaraki Mito 268,818 262,603 2.37 84.0 3,200 Special city
83 OsakaOsaka Yao 268,652 273,487 -1.77 16.1 16,686 Special city
84 Hyōgo Kakogawa 266,869 267,100 -0.08 53.5 4,989 Special city
85 Fukui Fukui 266,831 269,144 -0.86 207.0 1,289 Special city
86 Tokushima Tokushima 264,764 267,833 -1.15 73.8 3,588
87 Nagasaki Sasebo 261,146 269,574 -3.13 140.5 1,859 Special city
88 Kanagawa Hiratsuka 260,776 258,958 0.70 26.2 9,953 Special city
89 TokyoTokyo Fuchū 255,453 245,623 4.00 11.3 22,606
90 Yamagata Yamagata 254,084 256,012 -0.75 147.2 1,726 Special city
91 Shizuoka Fuji 254,049 253,297 0.30 94.6 2,686 Special city
92 Saitama SokaSōka 244,062 236,316 3.28 10.6 23,025 Special city
93 Nagano Matsumoto 243,070 242,541 0.22 355.0 685 Special city
94 Hiroshima Kure 239,553 251,003 -4.56 136.6 1,754 Special city
95 OsakaOsaka Neyagawa 238,244 241,816 -1.48 9.5 25,078 Special city
96 Saga Saga 237,501 241,361 -1.60 166.6 1,426
97 Aomori Hachinohe 237,473 244,700 -2.95 117.8 2,016 Special city
98 Saitama Kasukabe 237,178 238,506 -0.56 25.5 9,301 Special city
99 Kanagawa Chigasaki 235,140 228,420 2.94 13.8 17,039 Special city
100 Kanagawa Yamato 228,180 221,220 3.15 10.4 21,940 Special city
101 Hyōgo Takarazuka 225,587 219,862 2.60 39.3 5,740 Special city
102 Kanagawa Atsugi 224,426 222,403 0.91 36.2 6,200 Special city
103 Saitama Ageo 223,882 220,232 1.66 17.6 12,721
104 TokyoTokyo Chōfu 223,609 216,119 3.47 8.3 26,941
105 Gunma OtaŌta 216,444 213,160 1.54 67.8 3,192 Special city
106 Ibaraki Tsukuba 214,660 200,528 7.05 109.7 1,957 Special city
107 Gunma Isesaki 207,199 202,447 2.35 53.8 3,851 Special city
108 Niigata Jōetsu 203,869 208,082 -2.02 375.8 542 Special city
109 Saitama Kumagaya 203,192 204,675 -0.72 61.7 3,293 Special city
110 Shizuoka Numazu 202,283 208,005 -2.75 72.2 2,802 Special city

List as of 1889[edit]

This is the list of Japanese municipalities by population, as of December 31, 1889. The list includes all the cities, as well as other municipalities with more population than Kurume, the least populous city at the time.

Source: Japanese Wikipedia article of 市制 (City system), retrieved on July 4, 2008.[citation needed]
  • Japanese national population is as of December 31, 1888.[5]
  • Municipal statuses, names, and populations are as of December 31, 1889.
  • Prefectural capital statuses are as of 2008.
  Prefecture Municipality Pop. Status Pref.
capital
  Japan 39,626,600
1 Tokyo Tokyo 1,389,684 City Yes
2 Osaka Osaka 476,271 City Yes
3 Kyoto Kyoto 279,792 City Yes
4 Aichi Nagoya 162,767 City Yes
5 Hyōgo Kobe 135,639 City Yes
6 Kanagawa Yokohama 121,985 City Yes
7 Ishikawa Kanazawa 94,257 City Yes
8 Miyagi Sendai 90,231 City Yes
9 Hiroshima Hiroshima 88,820 City Yes
10 Tokushima Tokushima 61,107 City Yes
11 Toyama Toyama 58,159 City Yes
12 Kagoshima Kagoshima 57,465 City Yes
13 Wakayama Wakayama 56,713 City Yes
14 Nagasaki Nagasaki 55,063 City Yes
15 Fukuoka Fukuoka 53,014 City Yes
16 Hokkaido Hakodate 52,909 Ward No
17 Kumamoto Kumamoto 52,833 City Yes
18 Okayama Okayama 48,333 City Yes
19 Osaka Sakai 48,165 City Yes
20 Niigata Niigata 46,353 City Yes
21 Fukui Fukui 40,849 City Yes
  Okinawa Naha 40,212 Unofficial area Yes
22 Shizuoka Shizuoka 37,664 City Yes
23 Shimane Matsue 35,934 City Yes
24 Ehime Matsuyama 32,738 City Yes
25 Kōchi Kōchi 32,241 City Yes
  Kagawa Takamatsu 32,081 Unofficial area Yes
26 Iwate Morioka 31,153 City Yes
27 Yamanashi Kōfu 31,135 City Yes
28 Tochigi Utsunomiya 30,698 Town Yes
29 Aomori Hirosaki 30,487 City No
30 Shiga Ōtsu 29,941 Town Yes
31 Yamaguchi Akamaseki 29,919 City No
32 Yamagata Yonezawa 29,591 City No
33 Akita Akita 29,568 City Yes
34 Nagano Matsumoto 29,319 Town No
35 Yamagata Yamagata 29,019 City Yes
36 Nagano Nagano 28,980 Town Yes
37 Toyama Takaoka 28,928 City No
38 Tottori Tottori 28,396 City Yes
39 Mie Tsu 28,156 City Yes
40 Gunma Maebashi 28,115 Town Yes
41 Mie Ujiyamada 27,365 Town No
42 Gifu Gifu 27,089 City Yes
43 Hyōgo Himeji 27,055 City No
44 Saga Saga 26,401 City Yes
  Okinawa Shuri 26,205 Unofficial area Yes
45 Osaka Nanba 25,617 Village Yes
46 Ibaraki Mito 25,591 City Yes
47 Fukuoka Kurume 24,859 City No
  • These municipalities changed their names:
    • Akamaseki, now a part of Shimonoseki.
    • Ujiyamada, now a part of Ise.
    • Shuri, now a part of Naha.
    • Nanba, now a part of Chūō Ward, Osaka.
  • Naha, Takamatsu, and Shuri were unofficial place names given to the groups of smaller towns or villages.

See also[edit]

References[edit]