List of current heads of state and government

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This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.

Member states and observers of the United Nations[edit]

Legend: Names in small font generally denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives. Other notes and exceptions are provided in the References section below.
State Head of state Head of government
 Afghanistan
 Albania President - Bujar Nishani Prime Minister - Edi Rama
 Algeria President - Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister - Abdelmalek Sellal
 Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince - Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Representative - Josep Maria Mauri
French Co-Prince - François Hollande[n 1]
Representative - Sylvie Hubac
Head of Government - Antoni Martí
 Angola
 Antigua and Barbuda Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Rodney Williams
Prime Minister - Gaston Browne
 Argentina
 Armenia President - Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister - Hovik Abrahamyan
 Australia Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Peter Cosgrove
Prime Minister - Tony Abbott
 Austria Federal President - Heinz Fischer Federal Chancellor - Werner Faymann
 Azerbaijan President - Ilham Aliyev Prime Minister - Artur Rasizade
 Bahamas Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Dame Marguerite Pindling
Prime Minister - Perry Christie
 Bahrain King - Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister - Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
 Bangladesh President - Abdul Hamid Prime Minister - Sheikh Hasina
 Barbados Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Elliott Belgrave
Prime Minister - Freundel Stuart
 Belarus President - Alexander Lukashenko Prime Minister - Mikhail Myasnikovich
 Belgium King - Philippe Prime Minister - Elio Di Rupo
 Belize Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Colville Young
Prime Minister - Dean Barrow
 Benin
 Bhutan King - Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister - Tshering Tobgay
 Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Presidency:[1]
Bakir Izetbegović (Chairman)
Željko Komšić (Member)
Nebojša Radmanović (Member)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Vjekoslav Bevanda
 Botswana
 Brazil
 Brunei
 Bulgaria President - Rosen Plevneliev Acting Prime Minister - Georgi Bliznashki
 Burkina Faso President - Blaise Compaoré Prime Minister - Luc-Adolphe Tiao
 Burma
 Burundi
 Cambodia King - Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister - Hun Sen
 Cameroon President - Paul Biya Prime Minister - Philémon Yang
 Canada Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor General - David Johnston
Prime Minister - Stephen Harper
 Cape Verde President - Jorge Carlos Fonseca Prime Minister - José Maria Neves
 Central African Republic Head of State of the Transition - Catherine Samba-Panza Acting Prime Minister - Mahamat Kamoun
 Chad President - Idriss Déby Prime Minister - Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
 Chile
 China President - Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council - Li Keqiang
 Colombia
 Comoros
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the President - Joseph Kabila Prime Minister - Augustin Matata Ponyo
 Congo, Republic of the
 Costa Rica
 Croatia President - Ivo Josipović Prime Minister - Zoran Milanović
 Cuba
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic President - Miloš Zeman Prime Minister - Bohuslav Sobotka
 Denmark Queen - Margrethe II Prime Minister - Helle Thorning-Schmidt
 Djibouti President - Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Prime Minister - Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
 Dominica President - Charles Savarin Prime Minister - Roosevelt Skerrit
 Dominican Republic
 East Timor President - Taur Matan Ruak Prime Minister - Xanana Gusmão
 Ecuador
 Egypt President - Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime Minister - Ibrahim Mahlab
 El Salvador
 Equatorial Guinea President - Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Prime Minister - Vicente Ehate Tomi
 Eritrea
 Estonia President - Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister - Taavi Rõivas
 Ethiopia President - Mulatu Teshome Prime Minister - Hailemariam Desalegn
 Fiji President - Ratu Epeli Nailatikau Prime Minister - Frank Bainimarama
 Finland President - Sauli Niinistö Prime Minister - Alexander Stubb
 France President - François Hollande[n 1] Prime Minister - Manuel Valls
 Gabon President - Ali Bongo Ondimba Prime Minister - Daniel Ona Ondo
 Gambia, The
 Georgia President - Giorgi Margvelashvili Prime Minister - Irakli Garibashvili
 Germany Federal President - Joachim Gauck Federal Chancellor - Angela Merkel
 Ghana
 Greece President - Karolos Papoulias Prime Minister - Antonis Samaras
 Grenada Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Dame Cécile La Grenade
Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell
 Guatemala
 Guinea President - Alpha Condé Prime Minister - Mohamed Said Fofana
 Guinea-Bissau President - José Mário Vaz Prime Minister - Domingos Simões Pereira
 Guyana President - Donald Ramotar Prime Minister - Sam Hinds
 Haiti President - Michel Martelly Prime Minister - Laurent Lamothe
 Honduras
 Hungary President - János Áder Prime Minister - Viktor Orbán
 Iceland President - Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister - Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
 India President - Pranab Mukherjee Prime Minister - Narendra Modi
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Iraq President - Fuad Masum Prime Minister - Haider Al-Abadi
 Ireland President - Michael D. Higgins Taoiseach - Enda Kenny
 Israel President - Reuven Rivlin Prime Minister - Benjamin Netanyahu
 Italy President - Giorgio Napolitano President of the Council of Ministers - Matteo Renzi
 Ivory Coast President - Alassane Ouattara Prime Minister - Daniel Kablan Duncan
 Jamaica Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Patrick Allen
Prime Minister - Portia Simpson-Miller
 Japan Emperor - Akihito Prime Minister - Shinzō Abe
 Jordan King - Abdullah II Prime Minister - Abdullah Ensour
 Kazakhstan President - Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister - Karim Masimov
 Kenya
 Kiribati
 Kuwait Emir - Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister - Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
 Kyrgyzstan President - Almazbek Atambayev Prime Minister - Djoomart Otorbaev
 Laos President - Choummaly Sayasone Prime Minister - Thongsing Thammavong
 Latvia President - Andris Bērziņš Prime Minister - Laimdota Straujuma
 Lebanon
 Lesotho King - Letsie III Prime Minister - Tom Thabane
 Liberia
 Libya Head of state - disputed
Aguila Saleh Issa (Chairman of the House of Representatives) (Tobruk)
Nouri Abusahmain (President of the General National Congress) (Tripoli)
Prime Minister - disputed
Abdullah al-Thani (Tobruk)
Omar al-Hasi (Tripoli)
 Liechtenstein Prince - Hans-Adam II
Regent - Hereditary Prince Alois
Head of Government - Adrian Hasler
 Lithuania President - Dalia Grybauskaitė Prime Minister - Algirdas Butkevičius
 Luxembourg Grand Duke - Henri Prime Minister - Xavier Bettel
 Macedonia President - Gjorge Ivanov President of the Government - Nikola Gruevski
 Madagascar President - Hery Rajaonarimampianina Prime Minister - Roger Kolo
 Malawi
 Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong - Abdul Halim Prime Minister - Najib Razak
 Maldives
 Mali President - Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime Minister - Moussa Mara
 Malta President - Marie Louise Coleiro Preca Prime Minister - Joseph Muscat
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania President - Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister - Yahya Ould Hademine
 Mauritius President - Rajkeswur Purryag Prime Minister - Navin Ramgoolam
 Mexico
 Micronesia
 Moldova President - Nicolae Timofti Prime Minister - Iurie Leancă
 Monaco Prince - Albert II Minister of State - Michel Roger
 Mongolia President - Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister - Norovyn Altankhuyag
 Montenegro President - Filip Vujanović Prime Minister - Milo Đukanović
 Morocco King - Mohammed VI Prime Minister - Abdelilah Benkirane
 Mozambique President - Armando Guebuza Prime Minister - Alberto Vaquina
 Namibia President - Hifikepunye Pohamba Prime Minister - Hage Geingob
 Nauru
   Nepal President - Ram Baran Yadav Prime Minister - Sushil Koirala
 Netherlands King - Willem-Alexander Prime Ministers:
Mike Eman (Aruba)
Ivar Asjes (Curaçao)
Mark Rutte (The Netherlands)
Sarah Wescot-Williams (Sint Maarten)
 New Zealand Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 3]
Prime Minister - John Key
 Nicaragua
 Niger President - Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister - Brigi Rafini
 Nigeria
 North Korea
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly -
Kim Yong-nam[2]
Premier of the Cabinet - Pak Pong-ju
 Norway King - Harald V Prime Minister - Erna Solberg
 Oman
 Pakistan President - Mamnoon Hussain Prime Minister - Nawaz Sharif
 Palau
 Palestine President - Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister - Rami Hamdallah
 Panama
 Papua New Guinea Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Michael Ogio
Prime Minister - Peter O'Neill
 Paraguay
 Peru President - Ollanta Humala President of the Council of Ministers - Ana Jara
 Philippines
 Poland President - Bronisław Komorowski Prime Minister - Ewa Kopacz
 Portugal President - Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister - Pedro Passos Coelho
 Qatar Emir - Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister - Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
 Romania President - Traian Băsescu Prime Minister - Victor Ponta
 Russia President - Vladimir Putin Chairman of the Government - Dmitry Medvedev
 Rwanda President - Paul Kagame Prime Minister - Anastase Murekezi
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Edmund Lawrence
Prime Minister - Denzil Douglas
 Saint Lucia Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister - Kenny Anthony
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister - Ralph Gonsalves
 Samoa O le Ao o le Malo - Tufuga Efi Prime Minister - Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
 San Marino
 São Tomé and Príncipe President - Manuel Pinto da Costa Prime Minister - Gabriel Costa
 Saudi Arabia
 Senegal President - Macky Sall Prime Minister - Mohamed Dionne
 Serbia President - Tomislav Nikolić Prime Minister - Aleksandar Vučić
 Seychelles
 Sierra Leone
 Singapore President - Tony Tan Prime Minister - Lee Hsien Loong
 Slovakia President - Andrej Kiska Prime Minister - Robert Fico
 Slovenia President - Borut Pahor Prime Minister - Miro Cerar
 Solomon Islands Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Frank Kabui
Prime Minister - Gordon Darcy Lilo
 Somalia President - Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Prime Minister - Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
 South Africa
 South Korea President - Park Geun-hye Prime Minister - Jung Hong-won
 South Sudan
 Spain King - Felipe VI President of the Government - Mariano Rajoy
 Sri Lanka President - Mahinda Rajapaksa Prime Minister - D. M. Jayaratne
 Sudan
 Suriname
 Swaziland King - Mswati III Prime Minister - Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
 Sweden King - Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister - Fredrik Reinfeldt
Prime Minister-designate - Stefan Löfven
  Switzerland
 Syria President - Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister - Wael Nader Al-Halqi
 Tajikistan President - Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister - Kokhir Rasulzoda
 Tanzania President - Jakaya Kikwete Prime Minister - Mizengo Pinda
 Thailand King - Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister - Prayuth Chan-ocha
 Togo President - Faure Gnassingbé Prime Minister - Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
 Tonga King - Tupou VI Prime Minister - Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō
 Trinidad and Tobago President - Anthony Carmona Prime Minister - Kamla Persad-Bissessar
 Tunisia President - Moncef Marzouki Head of Government - Mehdi Jomaa
 Turkey President - Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Prime Minister - Ahmet Davutoğlu
 Turkmenistan
 Tuvalu Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Iakoba Italeli
Prime Minister - Enele Sopoaga
 Uganda President - Yoweri Museveni Prime Minister - Ruhakana Rugunda
 Ukraine President - Petro Poroshenko Prime Minister - Arseniy Yatsenyuk
 United Arab Emirates President - Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 United Kingdom Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2] Prime Minister - David Cameron
 United States
 Uruguay
 Uzbekistan President - Islam Karimov Prime Minister - Shavkat Mirziyoyev
 Vanuatu President - Baldwin Lonsdale Prime Minister - Joe Natuman
  Vatican City Sovereign - Pope Francis President of the Governorate - Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
 Venezuela
 Vietnam President - Trương Tấn Sang Prime Minister - Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
 Yemen President - Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi Prime Minister - Mohammed Basindawa
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

Other states[edit]

State Head of state Head of government
 Abkhazia Acting President - Valeri Bganba
President-elect - Raul Khadjimba
Acting Prime Minister - Vladimir Delba
Prime Minister-designate - Beslan Butba
 Cook Islands[n 4] Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Queen's Representative - Tom Marsters
Prime Minister - Henry Puna
 Kosovo President - Atifete Jahjaga Prime Minister - Hashim Thaçi
 Nagorno-Karabakh President - Bako Sahakyan Prime Minister - Arayik Harutyunyan
 Niue[n 4] Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 3]
Premier - Toke Talagi
 Northern Cyprus President - Derviş Eroğlu Prime Minister - Özkan Yorgancıoğlu
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President - Mohamed Abdelaziz Prime Minister - Abdelkader Taleb Omar
 Somaliland
 South Ossetia President - Leonid Tibilov Prime Minister - Domenty Kulumbegov
 Transnistria President - Yevgeny Shevchuk Prime Minister - Tatiana Turanskaya

Governments with limited recognition[edit]

These alternative governments control part of their claimed territories. They are also recognized as a sovereign state by at least one UN member.

Government Also claimed by Head of State Head of Government
 Republic of China  People's Republic of China President - Ma Ying-jeou President of the Executive Yuan -
Jiang Yi-huah
Syrian Interim Government  Syrian Arab Republic President - Hadi al-Bahra Prime Minister - Ahmad Tu'mah

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The President of France and the French Co-Prince of Andorra are positions held by the same person
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Queen Elizabeth II is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign states and 2 associated states sometimes known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these countries, with the exception of the United Kingdom (where she predominantly resides), she is represented at the national level by a governor-general (unhyphenated in Canada as governor general). In some of these countries, opinion differs as to whether the Queen or governor-general should be designated as head of state; there is no questioning of the Queen's position as sovereign, above the governors-general, however.
  3. ^ a b The Governor-General of New Zealand and the Governor-General of Niue are positions held by the same person.
  4. ^ a b States in free association with New Zealand.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The three-member presidency is the head of state collectively.
  2. ^ a b The Preface to the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea states, "The DPRK and the entire Korean people will uphold the great leader Comrade Kim Il-sung as the eternal President of the Republic, defend and carry forward his ideas and exploits and complete the Juche revolution under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea." Kim Il-sung died in 1994.
  3. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.

External links[edit]