East Japan Railway Company

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East Japan Railway Company
Native name
東日本旅客鉄道株式会社
Public KK
Traded as TYO: 9020
OSE: 9020
NSE: 9020
TOPIX Core 30 Component
Industry Rail transport
Predecessor Japanese National Railways (JNR)
Founded 1 April 1987 (privatization of JNR)
Headquarters 2-2-2 Yoyogi, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan
Area served
Kanto and Tohoku regions
Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi and Shizuoka prefectures
Key people
Satoshi Seino (Executive Chairman)[1]
Masaki Ogata (Executive Vice Chairman)[1]
Tetsurō Tomita (Representative Director and President)[1]
Products Suica (a rechargeable contactless smart card)
Services passenger railways[2]
freight services[2]
bus transportation[2]
other related services[2]
Revenue
  • Increase ¥2,867,200 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥2,756,165 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase ¥487,821 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥427,522 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase ¥245,310 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Decrease ¥180,398 million(FY 2015)
Total assets
  • Increase ¥7,789,762 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥7,605,690 million(FY 2015)
Total equity
  • Increase ¥2,442,129 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥2,285,658 million(FY 2015)
Owner Japan Trustee Services Bank (4.86%)
The Master Trust Bank of Japan (4.11%)
The JR East Employees Shareholding Association (3.33%)
The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ (3.16%)
Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation (2.66%)
Mizuho Corporate Bank (2.53%)
Mizuho Bank (2.47%)
SSBT OD05 OMNIBUS ACCOUNT—TREATY CLIENTS (2.29%)
Nippon Life (2.03%)
Dai-ichi Life (2.02%)
(as of 31 March 2013)[1]
Number of employees
73,017 (as of 31 March 2013)[1]
Divisions Railway operations[4]
Life-style business[4]
IT & Suica business[4]
Subsidiaries 83 companies,[5][6]
including Tokyo Monorail
Website www.jreast.co.jp
Footnotes / references
[7][8]
     East Japan Railway Company
JR East Shinkansen lineup at Niigata Depot 200910.jpg
Line up of JR East Shinkansen trains, October 2009
Operation
National railway Japan Railways Group
Infrastructure company Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency
Statistics
Ridership 6.169 billion per year[6]
Passenger km 130.5 billion per year[6]
System length
Total 7,526.8 km (4,676.9 mi)[6]
Double track 3,668 km (2,279 mi) (49%)[6]
Electrified 5,512.7 km (3,425.4 mi) (73.2%)[6]
High-speed 1,052.9 km (654.2 mi) (14.0%)[6]
Track gauge
Main 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
High-speed 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification
Main 1,500 V DC overhead catenary 2,680.3 km (1,665.5 mi)[6]
20 kV AC, 50 Hz 1,779.5 km (1,105.7 mi)[6]
Conventional lines in Tohoku
Joban Line (Fujishiro-Iwanuma)
Mito Line
25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead  1,052.9 km (654.2 mi)[6]
Tohoku Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Joetsu Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Hokuriku Shinkansen (50/60 Hz)
Features
No. tunnels 1,263[6]
Tunnel length 882 km (548 mi)[6]
Longest tunnel The Iwate-Ichinohe Tunnel 25,808 m (84,672 ft)
Tohoku Shinkansen[6]
No. bridges 14,865[6]
Longest bridge No.1 Kitakami River Bridge 3,868 m (12,690 ft)
Tohoku Shinkansen[6]
No. stations 1,703[2]
Map
Shinkansen lines
Conventional lines
Greater Tokyo Area Network Map
Suica and PASMO Network Map

East Japan Railway Company (東日本旅客鉄道株式会社, Higashi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudo Kabushiki-gaisha) is a major passenger railway company in Japan and one of the seven Japan Railways Group companies. The company name is officially abbreviated as JR-EAST[9] or JR East in English, and as JR Higashi-Nihon (JR東日本, Jeiāru Higashi-Nihon) in Japanese. The company's headquarters are in Yoyogi, Shibuya, Tokyo.[2]

Commuter trains on the Chūō Line in Tokyo
KiHa E200 hybrid DMU on Koumi Line
Special steam train on the Jōetsu Line in Gunma Prefecture
Ticket machines in a station in Tokyo
Smart card turnstile in Ikebukuro Station

History[edit]

JR East was incorporated on 1 April 1987 after being spun off from the government-run Japanese National Railways (JNR). The spin-off was nominally "privatization", as the company was actually a wholly owned subsidiary of the government-owned JNR Settlement Corporation for several years, and was not completely sold to the public until 2002.

Following the breakup, JR East ran the operations on former JNR lines in the Greater Tokyo Area, the Tohoku region, and surrounding areas.

Lines[edit]

Railway lines of JR East primarily serve the Kanto and Tohoku regions, along with adjacent areas in Koshin'etsu region (Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi) and Shizuoka prefectures.

Shinkansen[edit]

JR East operates all of the Shinkansen, high-speed rail lines, north of Tokyo.

The Tokyo–Osaka Tokaido Shinkansen is owned and operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), although it stops at several JR East stations.

Kanto regional lines[edit]

Greater Tokyo Area[edit]

These lines have sections inside the Tokyo Suburban Area (東京近郊区間) designated by JR East. This does not necessarily mean that the lines are fully inside the Greater Tokyo Area.

Other lines in Kanto[edit]

Koshinetsu and Shizuoka regional lines[edit]

Tohoku regional lines[edit]

Train services[edit]

Below is the full list of limited express (including Shinkansen) and express train services operated on JR East lines as of 2011.

Shinkansen[edit]

Limited express (daytime)[edit]

Limited express (overnight)[edit]

Express[edit]

All remaining express services operated on JR East tracks are overnight expresses (夜行急行列車, yakō kyūkō ressha).

Stations[edit]

During fiscal 2014, the busiest stations in the JR East network by average daily passenger count were:[10]

  1. Shinjuku Station (748,157)
  2. Ikebukuro Station (549,503)
  3. Tokyo Station (418,184)
  4. Yokohama Station (403,905)
  5. Shibuya Station (371,789)
  6. Shinagawa Station (342,475)
  7. Shimbashi Station (253,874)
  8. Omiya Station (244,556)
  9. Akihabara Station (241,063)
  10. Kawasaki Station (204,153)

Subsidiaries[edit]

JR East headquarters, located near Shinjuku Station in Tokyo
  • Higashi-Nihon Kiosk - provides newspapers, drinks and other items in station kiosks and operates the Newdays convenience store chain
  • JR Bus Kanto / JR Bus Tohoku - intercity bus operators
  • Nippon Restaurant Enterprise - provides bentō box lunches on trains and in train stations
  • Tokyo Monorail - (70% ownership stake)[11]
  • East Japan Marketing & Communications

Sponsorship[edit]

JR East co-sponsors the JEF United Ichihara Chiba J-League soccer club[citation needed], which was formed by a merger between JR East and Furukawa Electric company teams.

Environmental issues[edit]

JR East aims to reduce its carbon emissions by half, as measured over the period 1990-2030. This would be achieved by increasing the efficiency of trains and company-owned thermal power stations and by developing hybrid trains.[12]

Union issues[edit]

The Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department has stated that JR East's official union is a front for an organized crime syndicate called the Japan Revolutionary Communist League (Revolutionary Marxist Faction). An investigation of this is ongoing.[13]

East Japan Railway Culture Foundation[edit]

The East Japan Railway Culture Foundation is a non-profit organization established by JR East for the purpose of developing a "richer railway culture".[14] The Railway Museum in Saitama is operated by the foundation.

Bids outside Japan[edit]

EJRC holds a 15% shareholding in West Midlands Trains with Abellio and Mitsui that commenced operating the West Midlands franchise in England in December 2017.[15][16] The same consortium has also been listed to bid for the South Eastern franchise.[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e East Japan Railway Company. "JR East 2013 Annual Business Report (Japanese)" (PDF). Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f East Japan Railway Company. "JR East Corporate Data". Retrieved 20 June 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e East Japan Railway Company. "Financial Highlights - East Japan Railway Company and Subsidiaries" (PDF). Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c East Japan Railway Company. "Organization". Retrieved 20 June 2009. 
  5. ^ East Japan Railway Company. グループ会社一覧 (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 June 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o East Japan Railway Company. 会社要覧2008 (PDF) (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 June 2009. 
  7. ^ East Japan Railway Company. "Consolidated Results of Fiscal 2011 (Year Ended 31 March 2011)" (PDF). Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  8. ^ East Japan Railway Company. "JR East 2012 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  9. ^ East Japan Railway Company. "JR-EAST - East Japan Railway Company". Retrieved 1 October 2016. 
  10. ^ https://www.jreast.co.jp/passenger/index.html
  11. ^ http://business.highbeam.com/435559/article-1G1-95100706/jal-ana-buy-9-stake-each-tokyo-monorail-hitachi
  12. ^ 'JR East Efforts to Prevent Global Warming' in Japan Railway & Transport Review No. 51 (pp.22–27), retrieved 2010-12-15
  13. ^ Government of Japan. 第174回国会 430 革マル派によるJR総連及びJR東労組への浸透に関する質問主意書
  14. ^ East Japan Railway Culture Foundation. "FOR A RICHER RAILWAY CULTURE". Retrieved 28 October 2007. 
  15. ^ More seats for rail passengers as nearly £1 billion is invested in Midlands services Department for Transport 10 August 2017
  16. ^ West Midlands Trains announced as winning bidder for West Midlands franchise Abellio 10 August 2017
  17. ^ West Coast Partnership and South Eastern rail franchise bidders Department for Transport 22 June 2017
  18. ^ South Eastern franchise bidders announced Railway Gazette International 22 June 2017

External links[edit]