Vehicle identification number

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
VIN on a Chinese moped
VIN on a 1996 Porsche 993 GT2
VIN visible in the windshield
VIN recorded on a Chinese vehicle license

A vehicle identification number (VIN) (also called a chassis number or frame number) is a unique code, including a serial number, used by the automotive industry to identify individual motor vehicles, towed vehicles, motorcycles, scooters and mopeds, as defined in ISO 3779 (content and structure) and ISO 4030 (location and attachment).

VINs were first used in 1954 in the United States.[1] From 1954 to 1981, there was no accepted standard for these numbers, so different manufacturers used different formats.

In 1954, at the request of the US government, US car manufacturers and the Automobile Manufacturers Association were involved in the creation of the new, standardized vehicle identification numbering system named the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) with an agreed upon digit sequence and concealed chassis markings of this VIN. Up to that time, states used the engine number to register and title cars and trucks which became a problem if the engine was replaced, which was fairly common at the time.[citation needed]

In 1981, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the United States standardized the format.[1] It required all on-road vehicles sold to contain a 17-character VIN, which does not include the letters O (o), I (i), and Q (q) (to avoid confusion with numerals 0, 1, and 9).

There are vehicle history services in several countries that help potential car owners use VINs to find vehicles that are defective or have been written off.

Classification[edit]

There are at least four competing standards used to calculate the VIN.

  • FMVSS 115, Part 565: Used in United States and Canada[2]
  • ISO 3779: Used in Europe and many other parts of the world
  • SAE J853: Very similar to the ISO standard
  • ADR 61/2 used in Australia, referring to ISO 3779 and 3780[3]

Components[edit]

Modern VINs are based on two related standards, originally issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1979 and 1980: ISO 3779[4] and ISO 3780,[5] respectively. Compatible but different implementations of these ISO standards have been adopted by the European Union and the United States.[6]

The VIN comprises the following sections:

Standard 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
ISO 3779 World manufacturer identifier Vehicle descriptor section Vehicle identifier section
European Union[7]

more than 500 vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier Indication of "the general characteristics of the vehicle" Indication that provides "clear identification of a particular vehicle"
European Union[7]

500 or fewer vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier 9 Indication of "the general characteristics of the vehicle" Indication that provides "clear identification of a particular vehicle"
North America

more than 2,000 vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier Vehicle attributes Check digit Model year Plant code Sequential number
North America

2,000 or fewer vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier 9 Vehicle attributes Check digit Model year Plant code Manufacturer identifier Sequential number
VIN in a GM-T-Platform body next to a passenger seat

World manufacturer identifier[edit]

The first three characters uniquely identify the manufacturer of the vehicle using the world manufacturer identifier or WMI code. A manufacturer who builds fewer than 1,000 vehicles per year uses a 9 as the third digit, and the 12th, 13th and 14th position of the VIN for a second part of the identification. Some manufacturers use the third character as a code for a vehicle category (e.g., bus or truck), a division within a manufacturer, or both. For example, within 1G (assigned to General Motors in the United States), 1G1 represents Chevrolet passenger cars; 1G2, Pontiac passenger cars; and 1GC, Chevrolet trucks.

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) in the US assigns WMIs to countries and manufacturers.[8]

The first character of the WMI is the region in which the manufacturer is located. In practice, each is assigned to a country of manufacture, although in Europe the country where the continental headquarters is located can assign the WMI to all vehicles produced in that region (Example: Opel/Vauxhall cars whether produced in Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom or Poland carry a WMI of W0L because Adam Opel AG is based in Rüsselsheim, Germany).

In the notation below, assume that letters precede numbers and that zero is the last number. For example, 8X–82 denotes the range 8X, 8Y, 8Z, 81, 82, excluding 80.[8]

Country or region codes[edit]

A–H = Africa J–R = Asia S–Z = Europe 1–5 = North America 6–7 = Oceania 8–9 = South America

AA-AH South Africa
AJ-AN Cote d'Ivoire
AP-A0 unassigned
AR-AL Algeria
BA-BE Angola
BF-BK Kenya
BL-BR Tanzania
BS-B0 unassigned
CA-CE Benin
CF-CK Madagascar
CL-CR Tunisia
CS-C0 unassigned
DA-DE Egypt
DF-DK Morocco
DL-DR Zambia
DS-D0 unassigned
EA-EE Ethiopia
EF-EK Mozambique
EL-E0 unassigned
FA-FE Ghana
FF-FK Nigeria
FL-F0 unassigned
GA-G0 unassigned
HA-H0 unassigned

J Japan
KA-KE Sri Lanka
KF-KK Israel
KL-KR Korea (South)
KS Jordan
KS-K0 Kazakhstan
L China (Mainland)
MA-ME, MZ India
MF-MK Indonesia
ML-MR Thailand
MS-M0 Myanmar
NA-NE Iran
NF-NK Pakistan
NL-NR Turkey
NS-N0 unassigned
PA-PE Philippines
PF-PK Singapore
PL-PR Malaysia
PS-P0 unassigned
RA-RE United Arab Emirates
RF-RK Taiwan
RL-RR Vietnam
RS-R0 Saudi Arabia

SA-SM United Kingdom
SN-ST Germany (formerly East Germany)
SU-SZ Poland
S1-S4 Latvia
S5-S0 unassigned
TA-TH Switzerland
TJ-TP Czech Republic
TR-TV Hungary
TW-T1 Portugal
T2-T0 unassigned
UA-UG unassigned
UH-UM Denmark
UN-UT Ireland
UU-UZ Romania
U1-U4 unassigned
U5-U7 Slovakia
U8-U0 unassigned
VA-VE Austria
VF-VR France
VS-VW Spain
VX-V2 Serbia
V3-V5 Croatia
V6-V0 Estonia
W Germany (formerly West Germany)
XA-XE Bulgaria
XF-XK Greece
XL-XR Netherlands
XS-XW Russia (former USSR)
XX-X2 Luxembourg
X3-X0 Russia
YA-YE Belgium
YF-YK Finland
YL-YR Malta
YS-YW Sweden
YX-Y2 Norway
Y3-Y5 Belarus
Y6-Y0 Ukraine
ZA-ZR Italy
ZS-ZW unassigned
ZX-Z2 Slovenia
Z3-Z5 Lithuania
Z6-Z0 unassigned

1, 4, or 5 United States
2 Canada
3A-3W Mexico
3X-37 Costa Rica
38-39 Cayman Islands
30 unassigned

6 Australia
7 New Zealand

8A-8E Argentina
8F-8K Chile
8L-8R Ecuador
8S-8W Peru
8X-82 Venezuela
82-82 Bolivia
83-80 unassigned
9A-9E Brazil
9F-9K Colombia
9L-9R Paraguay
9S-9W Uruguay
9X-92 Trinidad & Tobago
93–99 Brazil
90 unassigned

Vehicle descriptor section[edit]

The fourth to ninth positions in the VIN are the vehicle descriptor section or VDS. This is used, according to local regulations, to identify the vehicle type, and may include information on the automobile platform used, the model, and the body style. Each manufacturer has a unique system for using this field. Most manufacturers since the 1980s have used the eighth digit to identify the engine type whenever there is more than one engine choice for the vehicle. Example: for the 2007 Chevrolet Corvette, U is for a 6.0-liter V8 engine, and E is for a 7.0-liter V8.

North American check digits[edit]

One element that is inconsistent is the use of position nine as a check digit, compulsory for vehicles in North America and China, but not Europe.

Vehicle identifier section[edit]

The 10th to 17th positions are used as the vehicle identifier section or VIS. This is used by the manufacturer to identify the individual vehicle in question. This may include information on options installed or engine and transmission choices, but often is a simple sequential number. In North America, the last five digits must be numeric.

Model year encoding[edit]

One consistent element of the VIS is the 10th digit, which is required worldwide to encode the model year of the vehicle. Besides the three letters that are not allowed in the VIN itself (I, O and Q), the letters U and Z and the digit 0 are not used for the model year code. The year code is the model year for the vehicle.

The year 1980 was encoded by some manufacturers, especially General Motors and Chrysler, as "A" (since the 17-digit VIN was not mandatory until 1981, and the "A" or zero was in the manufacturer's pre-1981 placement in the VIN), yet Ford and AMC still used a zero for 1980. Subsequent years increment through the allowed letters, so that "Y" represents the year 2000. 2001 to 2009 are encoded as the digits 1 to 9, and subsequent years are encoded as "A", "B", "C", etc.

Code Year Code Year Code Year Code Year Code Year Code Year
A 1980 L 1990 Y 2000 A 2010 L 2020 Y 2030
B 1981 M 1991 1 2001 B 2011 M 2021 1 2031
C 1982 N 1992 2 2002 C 2012 N 2022 2 2032
D 1983 P 1993 3 2003 D 2013 P 2023 3 2033
E 1984 R 1994 4 2004 E 2014 R 2024 4 2034
F 1985 S 1995 5 2005 F 2015 S 2025 5 2035
G 1986 T 1996 6 2006 G 2016 T 2026 6 2036
H 1987 V 1997 7 2007 H 2017 V 2027 7 2037
J 1988 W 1998 8 2008 J 2018 W 2028 8 2038
K 1989 X 1999 9 2009 K 2019 X 2029 9 2039

On April 30, 2008, the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration adopted a final rule amending 49 CFR Part 565, "so that the current 17 character vehicle identification number (VIN) system, which has been in place for almost 30 years, can continue in use for at least another 30 years", in the process making several changes to the VIN requirements applicable to all motor vehicles manufactured for sale in the United States. There are three notable changes to the VIN structure that affect VIN deciphering systems:

  • The make may only be identified after looking at positions one through three and another position, as determined by the manufacturer in the second section or fourth to eighth segment of the VIN.
  • In order to identify the exact year in passenger cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles with a GVWR of 10,000 or less, one must read position 7 as well as position 10. For passenger cars, and for multipurpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) or less, if position seven is numeric, the model year in position 10 of the VIN refers to a year in the range 1980–2009.[9][citation needed] If position seven is alphabetic, the model year in position 10 of VIN refers to a year in the range 2010–2039.
  • The model year for vehicles with a GVWR greater than 10,000 lb (4,500 kg), as well as buses, motorcycles, trailers and low-speed vehicles, may no longer be identified within a 30-year range. VIN characters 1–8 and 10 that were assigned from 1980–2009 can be repeated beginning with the 2010 model year.

Plant code[edit]

Compulsory in North America and China is the use of the 11th character to identify the assembly plant at which the vehicle was built. Each manufacturer has its own set of plant codes.

Production number[edit]

In the United States and China, the 12th to 17th digits are the vehicle's serial or production number. This is unique to each vehicle, and every manufacturer uses its own sequence.

Check-digit calculation[edit]

A check-digit validation is used for all road vehicles sold in the United States and Canada.

When trying to validate a VIN with a check digit, first either (a) remove the check digit for the purpose of calculation or (b) use a weight of zero (see below) to cancel it out. The original value of the check digit is then compared with the calculated value. If the calculated value is 0–9, the check digit must match the calculated value. If the calculated value is 10, the check digit must be X. If the two values do not match (and there was no error in the calculation), then there is a mistake in the VIN. However, a match does not prove the VIN is correct, because there is still a 1/11 chance that any two distinct VINs have a matching check digit: for example, the valid VINs 5GZCZ43D13S812715 (correct with leading five) and SGZCZ43D13S812715 (incorrect with leading character "S"). The VINs in the Porsche image, WP0ZZZ99ZTS392124, and the GM-T body image, KLATF08Y1VB363636, do not pass the North American check-digit verification.

Transliterating the numbers[edit]

Transliteration consists of removing all of the letters, and replacing them with their appropriate numerical counterparts. These numerical alternatives (based on IBM's EBCDIC) are in the following chart. I, O, and Q are not allowed in a valid VIN; for this chart, they have been filled in with N/A (not applicable). Numerical digits use their own values.

Transliteration key: values for VIN decoding
A: 1 B: 2 C: 3 D: 4 E: 5 F: 6 G: 7 H: 8 N/A
J: 1 K: 2 L: 3 M: 4 N: 5 N/A P: 7 N/A R: 9
N/A S: 2 T: 3 U: 4 V: 5 W: 6 X: 7 Y: 8 Z: 9

S is 2, and not 1. There is no left-alignment linearity.

Weights used in calculation[edit]

The following is the weight factor for each position in the VIN. The 9th position is that of the check digit. It has been substituted with a 0, which will cancel it out in the multiplication step.

Weight factor table
Position 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Weight 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 10 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

Worked example[edit]

Consider the hypothetical VIN 1M8GDM9A_KP042788, where the underscore will be the check digit.

VIN 1 M 8 G D M 9 A K P 0 4 2 7 8 8
Value 1 4 8 7 4 4 9 1 0 2 7 0 4 2 7 8 8
Weight 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 10 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
Products 8 28 48 35 16 12 18 10 0 18 56 0 24 10 28 24 16
  1. The VIN's value is calculated from the above transliteration table. This number is used in the rest of the calculation.
  2. Copy the weights from the weight factor row above.
  3. The products row is the result of the multiplication of the columnsin the Value and Weight rows.
  4. The products (8, 28, 48, 35 ... 24, 16) are all added together to yield a sum, 351.
  5. Find the remainder after dividing by 11
    351 MOD 11 = 10
    351 ÷ 11 = 311011
  6. The remainder is the check digit. If the remainder is 10, the check digit is X. In this example, the remainder is 10, so the check digit is transliterated as X.

With a check digit of X, the VIN 1M8GDM9A_KP042788 is written 1M8GDM9AXKP042788.

A VIN with straight-ones (seventeen consecutive 1s) has the nice feature that its check digit 1 matches the calculated value 1. This is because a value of one multiplied by 89 (sum of weights) is 89, and 89 divided by 11 is 8 with remainder 111; thus 1 is the check digit. This is a way to test a VIN-check algorithm.

VIN scanning[edit]

The VIN is marked in multiple locations; normally in the lower corner of the windshield on the driver’s side, under the bonnet next to latch, at the front end of the vehicle frame, and inside the door pillar on the driver’s side.[10] On newer vehicles VINs may be optically read with barcode scanners or digital cameras, or digitally read via OBD-II. There are smartphone applications that can pass the VIN to websites to decode the VIN.

List of common WMI[edit]

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) assigns the WMI (world manufacturer identifier) to countries and manufacturers. The following list shows a selection of world manufacturer codes.

WMI Country Manufacturer

Africa[edit]

AAV South Africa Volkswagen[11]
ADM General Motors South Africa
ADN Nissan South Africa (Pty) Ltd
AHT Toyota[11]
AFA Ford
BF9 Kenya KIBO Motorcycles
CL9 Tunisia Wallyscar
DA1 DA4 Egypt Arab American Vehicles Company
DAA Fiat Auto Egypt Industrial Co
DAB BMW Egypt SKD

Asia[edit]

J8B Japan Isuzu Motor Co/Chevrolet
JA4 Mitsubishi
JAA JAL JAM Isuzu
JC1 Fiat Automobiles/Mazda
JDA JD1 Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd.
JF1 JF2 JF3 Subaru - Fuji Heavy Industries
JF4 SAAB
JF5 Pontiac
JHD JHF JHH Hino[11]
JHL Honda[11]
JHM Honda[11]
JL5 Mitsubishi FUSO Truck & Bus Corp
JM0 Mazda for Oceania export
JM1 Mazda
JMB Mitsubishi[11]
JM6 Mazda[11]
JN Nissan[11]
JS Suzuki[11]
JT Toyota/Lexus[11]
JY Yamaha[11]
KL1 KL2 KLA South Korea Daewoo/GM Korea[11]
KMA Asia Motors Co Inc
KMH Hyundai[11]
KNA KNC KNE Kia[11]
KNM Samsung Motors Inc
KPT SsangYong[11]
L1C China Hubei Huawei Special-Purpose Automobile
L2C Chery Jaguar Land Rover
L6T Geely
LA6 King Long
LB3 Geely
LBE Beijing Hyundai
LBV BMW Brilliance
LC0 BYD Industry
LDC Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën
LDN South East Motor Co Ltd
LE4 Beijing Benz
LFA Ford Lio Ho Motor Co Ltd
LFM FAW Toyota
LFP FAW Car
LFV FAW-Volkswagen
LGB Dongfeng Nissan
LGJ Dongfeng Fengshen
LGW Great Wall ( Havel)
LGX BYD Auto
LH1 FAW Haima
LHG Guangzhou Honda
LJ1 JAC
LJD Dongfeng Yueda Kia
LJU Shanghai Maple Automobile Co.
LLV Lifan
LMG GAC Trumpchi
LPA Changan PSA (DS Automobiles)
LPS Polestar
LS5 Changan Suzuki
LRW Tesla
LSF SAIC Maxus
LSG SAIC General Motors
LSJ SAIC MG
LSV SAIC Volkswagen
LTV FAW Toyota (Tianjin)
LUX Dongfeng Yulon Motor Co. Ltd
LVG GAC Toyota
LVH Dongfeng Honda
LVR Changan Mazda
LVS Changan Ford
LVV Chery
LWV GAC Fiat
LZW SAIC GM Wuling
LZY Yutong
MA1 India Mahindra
MA3 Maruti Suzuki India Limited| Maruti| Suzuki
MA6 General Motors India Pvt. Ltd.
MA7 Hindustan Motors Ltd
MAJ Ford India Ltd.
MAK Honda Motor India Pvt. Ltd.
MAL Hyundai Motors India Ltd
MAT Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co
MB1 Ashok Leyland Ltd
MBH Maruti Suzuki Automobiles India Limited
MBJ Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt Ltd
MBK MAN Truck & Bus India Pvt. Ltd
MBU Swaraj Vehicles Limited
MBV Premier Car World Pvt. Ltd
MBY Asia Motor Works good vehicle Ltd
MC1 Force Motors Limited
MC2 Eicher Motors Limited
MC4 Dilip chhabria design pvt ltd
MCA FCA India Automobiles Pvt. Ltd
MCB General Motors India Pvt. Ltd.
MCL International Cars And Motors Ltd
MD2 Bajaj Auto Ltd
MDH Nissan Motor India Pvt Ltd
MEC Daimler India Commercial Vehicles Pvt. Ltd.
MEE Renault Nissan Automobiles Pvt Ltd
MH1 Indonesia PT Astra Honda Motor
MLH Thailand Honda
MM0 Mazda
MM8 Mazda (Ford-Mazda AAT plant)[12]
MMB Mitsubishi[11]
MMF BMW[13]
MMH Tata[14]
MMK Toyota (Auto Works plant)[15]
MMM Chevrolet[16]
MML MG[16]
MMR Subaru[17]
MMS Suzuki[18]
MMT Mitsubishi[19]
MNB Ford (Ford-Mazda AAT plant)[20]
MNK Hino Motors Manufacturing Thailand Co Ltd
MNT Nissan
MPA IMCT Isuzu Motors Company Thailand
MPB Ford (FTM plant)[21]
MP5 Foton[22]
MRH Honda
MR0 Toyota (Ban Pho and Samrong plant)[23]
MR2 Toyota (Gateway plant)[24]
MS0 Myanmar Kia
NAA Iran Irankhodro Company
NAD Saipa Diesel
NAG Bahman Industrial Group
NAP Pars Khodro
NFB Pakistan Honda Atlas Cars Pakistan Ltd
NLC Turkey Askam Kamyon Imalat Ve Tic.A.S.
NMA MAN[11]
NMT Toyota
NM0 Ford Otosan
NM1 Oyak-Renault Oto Fab AS
NM4 Tofas Turk Otomobil Fabrikasi AS
PAB Philippines Isuzu Philippines Corporation
PL1 Malaysia Proton
PL8 Hyundai/Inokom
PLP Subaru
PLZ ISUZU
PMH Honda
PML Hicom
PM1 BMW
PM2 Perodua
PM9 Bufori
PMK Honda Boon Siew
PMN Modenas
PMV Yamaha Hong Leong
PNA Naza/Kia/Peugeot
PNA Peugeot
PNV Volvo Cars
PN1 PN2 Toyota
PN8 Nissan
PP1 Mazda
PP3 Hyundai
PPP Suzuki
PPV Volkswagen
PR8 Ford
PRA Sinotruk
PRH Chery
RF5 Taiwan Yulon Motor Co Ltd
RFD Tai Ling Motor Co Ltd
RHA Ford Lio Ho Motor Co Ltd
RKL Toyota Taiwán
RLE Vietnam Isuzu Vietnam Co Ltd

Europe[edit]

SAB United Kingdom Optare
SAJ Jaguar
SAL Land Rover[11]
SAR Rover[11]
SAT Triumph[11]
SB1 Toyota[11]
SBM McLaren Automotive[11]
SC6 INEOS Automotive Limited[11]
SCC Lotus Cars[11]
SCF Aston Martin Lagonda Limited[11]
SCE DeLorean
SCK Ifor Williams Trailers
SDB Talbot Motor Co Ltd
SFD Alexander Dennis
SFE Alexander Dennis (North America)
SHH Honda[11]
SHS Honda[11]
SJK SJN Nissan[11]
SUD Poland Wielton
SUP Fabryka Samochodow Osobowych
TCC Switzerland Micro Compact Car[11]
TEB UK/Switzerland Johnston sweeper (Bucher)
TMA Czech Republic Hyundai[11]
TMB Škoda[11]
TRU Hungary Audi[11]
TSM Suzuki[11]
TW8 Portugal General Motors De Portugal Lda
U5Y Slovakia Kia[11]
UU Romania Dacia[11]
VA0 Austria ÖAF[11]
VBK KTM[11]
VF1 France Renault[11]
VF2 Renault[11]
VF3 Peugeot[11]
VF4 Talbot[11]
VF5 Iveco Unic SA[11]
VF6 Renault Trucks/Volvo[11]
VF7 Citroën[11]
VF8 Matra/Talbot/Simca[11]
VF9 Bugatti[11]
VFE IvecoBus
VNK Toyota
VR1 DS Automobiles
VS7 Spain Citroën
VSE Santana Motor SA
VSK Nissan Motor Iberica SA, Nissan Passenger & Multi-Purpose Vehicle
VSS SEAT[11]
VSX Opel Automobile Espana,SA
VV9 Tauro Sport Auto
VX1 Serbia Sour Zavodi
WAC Arge Audi/Porsche [25]
WAG Germany Neoplan[11]
WAU Audi[11]
WAP Alpina[11]
WBA BMW[11]
WBS BMW M[11]
WBX BMW[11]
WDB Mercedes-Benz[11]
WDC WDD WMX DaimlerChrysler AG/Daimler AG[11]
WEB EvoBus[11]
WF0 Ford of Europe[11]
WJM Iveco
WJR Irmscher[11]
WKK Karl Kässbohrer Fahrzeugwerke[11]
WMA MAN[11]
WME Smart[11]
WMW Mini[11]
WP0 Porsche car[11]
WP1 Porsche SUV[11]
WUA Quattro[11]
WVG Volkswagen[11]
WVW Volkswagen[11]
WV1 Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles[11]
WV2 Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles[11]
W08 Adam Opel AG Belgium
W09 Ruf Automobile[11]
W0L Opel/ Vauxhall[11]
W0SV Opel Special Vehicles[11]
XLR Netherlands DAF Trucks[11]
XTA Russia AvtoVAZ[11]
XTB AZLK[11]
XU1 UAZ Special Purpose Vehicles Ltd
XUF General Motors Auto
XWB Uzbekistán Daewoo GM Uzbekistán
Y6D Ukraine Zaporiz'kyi avtozavod
YK1 Finland Saab[11]
YS2 Sweden Scania, Södertälje[11]
YS3 Saab[11]
YS4 Scania, Katrineholm[11]
YTN Saab NEVS
YV1 Volvo Cars[11]
YV2 Volvo Trucks[11]
YV3 Volvo Buses[11]
YT9 Koenigsegg Automotive AB[26]
ZA9 Italy Bugatti Automobili S.p.A
ZAA Autobianchi
ZAM Maserati[11]
ZAP Piaggio[27]
ZAR Alfa Romeo[11]
ZCF Iveco[11]
ZFA Fiat[11]
ZFF Ferrari[11]
ZGA IvecoBus[11]
ZHW Lamborghini[11]
ZLA Lancia[11]

North America[edit]

1B United States Dodge[11]
1C Chrysler[11]
1F Ford[11]
1G General Motors[11]
1G1 Chevrolet
1G3 Oldsmobile
1G4 Buick[28]
1G9 Google
1GB Chevrolet incomplete vehicles[28]
1GC Chevrolet
1GD GMC incomplete vehicles[28]
1GM Pontiac
1HG Honda[11]
1J Jeep[11]
1L Lincoln[11]
1M Mercury[11]
1MR Continental[11]
1N Nissan
1VW Volkswagen[11]
1YV Mazda[11]
1ZV Ford
19U Honda[11]
2DG Canada Ontario Drive & Gear
2F Ford[11]
2Gx General Motors[11]
2G1 Chevrolet
2G2 Pontiac
2G9 Gnome Homes
2HG Honda
2HH Acura
2HJ Honda
2HK Honda
2HM Hyundai
2L9 Les Contenants Durabac
2LN Lincoln[11]
2M Mercury[11]
2T Toyota
3F Mexico Ford
3G General Motors[11]
3HG Honda[11]
3HM Honda
3KP Kia[11]
3N Nissan[11]
3VW Volkswagen[11]
4F United States Mazda[11]
4J Mercedes-Benz[11]
4M Mercury
4S2 Isuzu Motors America Inc
4S3 Subaru[11]
4S4 Subaru[11]
4S6 Honda
4T Toyota[11]
4US BMW[11]
5FN Honda[11]
5FR Honda[11]
5J6 Honda[11]
5L Lincoln
5N1 Nissan
5NM Hyundai
5NP Hyundai
5T Toyota[11]
5U BMW[11]
5X Hyundai/ Kia
5YJ Tesla[11]
55 Mercedes-Benz[11]

Oceania[edit]

6F Australia Ford[11]
6G General Motors
6G1 Chevrolet
6G2 Pontiac
6H Holden
6MM Mitsubishi[11]
6T1 Toyota
6T9 Trailer
6U9 see note below
7A1 New Zealand Mitsubishi
7A3 Honda
7A4 Toyota
7A5 Ford
7A8 NZ Transport Agency (pre-2009)
7AT NZ Transport Agency (post-2009)

North America[edit]

7FA United States Honda
7JR Volvo

South America[edit]

829 Bolivia Quantum
8AP Argentina Fiat
8AF Ford[11]
8AG General Motors
8AW Volkswagen
8AJ Toyota
8A1 Renault
8AC Mercedes Benz
8BB Agrale Argentina S.A
8BC Citroën
8AD Peugeot
8AN Nissan
8C3 Honda
8AT Iveco
8G1 8GD Chile Automotores Franco Chilena S.A
8GG General Motors Chile S.A
8LB Ecuador General Motors OBB
8LF Maresa
8LG Aymesa
8Z1 Venezuela General Motors Venezolana C.A.
9AM Brazil Massari
9BD Fiat Automóveis
9BG General Motors
9BW Volkswagen[11]
9BF Ford
93H Honda
9BR Toyota
936 Peugeot
935 Citroën
93P Volare
93Y Renault
93X Souza Ramos - Mitsubishi / Suzuki
9BH Hyundai
95P CAOA / Hyundai
94D Nissan
94G Indabra
94M HVR-Busscar
94N RWM Brazil
98R Chery
988 Jeep
98M BMW
9BM Mercedes-Benz
9BN Mafersa
99A Audi
99L BYD
99J Jaguar Land Rover
9C2 Honda Motorcycles[11]
9C6 Yamaha[11]
9CD Suzuki (motorcycles)
93V International Navistar
93W Fiat Professional
93Z Iveco
953 VW Trucks / MAN
9BS Scania
9BV Volvo Trucks
9BY Agrale S/A
9FB Colombia Renault
9FC Compañía Colombiana Automotriz S.A
9GC General Motors Colmotores S.A
9UJ Uruguay Chery
9UK Lifan
9UW Kia

Note: Vehicles to be registered in Australia without a 17 character VIN[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Vehicle Identification Numbers (VINs)". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Retrieved 2021-02-10.
  2. ^ "eCFR – Code of Federal Regulations – Title 49: Transportation – PART 565—VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (VIN) REQUIREMENTS". www.ecfr.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  3. ^ "ComLaw Legislative Instruments – Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 61/02 – Vehicle Marking) 2005 (ADR 61/02)". Comlaw.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  4. ^ ISO 3779:2009 Road vehicles—Vehicle identification number (VIN)—Content and structure
  5. ^ ISO 3780:2009 Road vehicles—World manufacturer identifier (WMI) code
  6. ^ "United States Federal VIN Requirements (Title 49, Chapter V, Part 565)". Access.gpo.gov. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  7. ^ a b "Directive 76/114/EEC - Automotive - Enterprise and Industry". European Commission. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
  8. ^ a b "ISO 3780:2009 Road vehicles – World manufacturer identifier (WMI) code". ISO. 2009-10-05. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  9. ^ "49 CFR § 565.15 - Content requirements". Legal Information Institute. US: Cornell University. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  10. ^ Miller, Tim (2019-04-27). "VIN Numbers: What Are They And What Do They Tell You?". Garatos. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz "List of manufacturers of motor vehicles and their trailers - numerical - SV 3.2" (PDF). Germany: Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt. 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  12. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/cc4463140bb246a89a2c4daefcd5e75e
  13. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/093082806ad44a8fa85aa1be049fac6c
  14. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/7d35eaf890b845f4aaa13b1974c8a598
  15. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/ce90d22945fb422598d4bc419a324dca
  16. ^ a b http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/bad2975e9abb403b8cbe8b167afd93d1
  17. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/7549929fdb2f4328b1ba3844b6a97146
  18. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/58c7a77bd33e49a6a6be0103dda35f20
  19. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/fba3638129224e87993e0aa700c75af8
  20. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/31c0027f349c47a8a36c315bcd970477
  21. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/65710f4c794e44388ea4d6519e6b1fe6
  22. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/ba1b29ef16734c76b289b99eceb24e6e
  23. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/5abe5eff4d4a47d2883cd7a604124bfb
  24. ^ http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/47ae10d50bf448659c59b970cf710442
  25. ^ Chilton, Chris (2017-04-11). "Audi RS2: buying guide". DriveTribe. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  26. ^ "Re: VIN Information pursuant to 49 CFR 565.7 KOENIGSEGG" (PDF). US: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  27. ^ "Modern Vespa : VIN Decoding". modernvespa.com. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  28. ^ a b c "Revision to General Motors' Vehicle Identification Number decoding for 2016 Model Year" (PDF). US: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2015-01-12. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  29. ^ "Importing vehicles without a 17 character VIN". NEVDIS.

External links[edit]