German submarine U-273

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-273
Ordered: 20 January 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 38
Laid down: 5 December 1941
Launched: 2 September 1942
Commissioned: 21 October 1942
Fate: Sunk, 19 May 1943 by a British aircraft[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(21 October 1942–30 April 1943)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 May–19 May 1943)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Hans-Adolf Engel
(21 October 1942–31 March 1943)
Oblt.z.S.. Hermann Rossmann
(1 April–19 May 1943)
Operations: 8–19 May 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-273 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 5 December 1941 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack as yard number 38, she was launched on 2 September 1942 and commissioned on 21 October under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Adolf Engel.[2]

Service history[edit]

U-273 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training from October 1942 to April 1943, and served operationally with the 9th U-boat Flotilla from 1 May 1943.[2]

U-273 sailed from Kiel under the command of Oblt.z.S.. Hermann Rossmann, on 8 May 1943, arriving at Bergen, Norway, on 11 May. The next day she sailed out into the Atlantic on her first and only patrol and was sunk eight days later[3] on 19 May with all hands, in position 59°25′N 24°33′W / 59.417°N 24.550°W / 59.417; -24.550Coordinates: 59°25′N 24°33′W / 59.417°N 24.550°W / 59.417; -24.550 southwest of Iceland, by depth charges dropped from a Lockheed Hudson of No. 269 Squadron RAF.[2][4]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, pp. 118-119.
  2. ^ a b c d "The Type VIIC boat U-273 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  3. ^ a b "War Patrols by German U-boat U-273 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  4. ^ Kemp, pp. 118-119.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 

External links[edit]