German submarine U-375

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-375
Ordered: 16 October 1939
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 6
Laid down: 14 March 1940
Launched: 7 June 1941
Commissioned: 19 July 1941
Fate: Sunk, after being depth charged by USN submarine chaser PC-624, on 30 July 1943 at position 36°40′N 12°28′E / 36.667°N 12.467°E / 36.667; 12.467Coordinates: 36°40′N 12°28′E / 36.667°N 12.467°E / 36.667; 12.467 in the Mediterranean NW of Malta.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(19 July 1941 - 31 October 1941) - Training
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1941 - 31 December 1941)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 January 1942 - 30 July 1943)
Identification codes: M 00 016
Commanders: Kptlt. Jürgen Könenkamp
(19 July 1941 - 30 July 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
12 November 1941 - 26 December 1941
2nd patrol:
17 January 1942 - 19 January 1942
3rd patrol:
27 April 1942 – 6 May 1942
4th patrol:
29 June 1942 - 3 August 1942
5th patrol:
22 August 1942 - 29 September 1942
6th patrol:
14 November 1942 - 23 December 1942
7th patrol:
4 February 1943 - 2 March 1943
8th patrol:
17 March 1943 - 19 April 1943
9th patrol:
27 June 1943 - 7 July 1943
10th patrol:
10 July 1943 - 30 July 1943
Victories: 9 merchant ships sunk (16,852 GRT)
1 merchant ship total loss (6,288 GRT)
1 warship damaged (2,650 tons)

German submarine U-375 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 14 March 1940 by Howaldtswerke in Kiel as yard number 6, launched on 7 June 1941 and commissioned on 19 July 1941 under Kapitänleutnant Jürgen Könenkamp.

Service History[edit]

The boat's service began on 19 July 1941 with training as part of the 5th U-boat Flotilla. She was transferred to the 3rd Flotilla on 1 November 1941 for active service, followed by a transfer to 29th Flotilla on 1 January 1942 in the Mediterranean.

In 10 patrols she sank 9 merchant ships, for a total of 16,852 GRT, plus 1 warship damaged and another merchant ship written off as a total loss.

Fate[edit]

U-375 was sunk, after being depth charged by USN submarine chaser PC-624, on 30 July 1943 at position 36°40′N 12°28′E / 36.667°N 12.467°E / 36.667; 12.467 in the Mediterranean NW of Malta. All hands were lost.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
6 July 1942 Hero  Norway 1,376 Sunk
30 July 1942 Amina  Egypt 87 Sunk
30 July 1942 Ikbal  Egypt 176 Sunk
26 August 1942 Empire Kumari  United Kingdom 6,288 Total loss
3 September 1942 Miriam  Mandatory Palestine 38 Sunk
3 September 1942 Arnon  Mandatory Palestine 558 Sunk
3 September 1942 Salina  Mandatory Palestine 108 Sunk
6 September 1942 Turkian  Egypt 113 Sunk
1 December 1942 HMS Manxman  Royal Navy 2,650 Damaged
4 July 1943 City of Venice  United Kingdom 8,762 Sunk
4 July 1943 St.Essylt  United Kingdom 5,634 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-375". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-375". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]