German submarine U-88 (1941)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-88.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-88
Ordered: 25 January 1939
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 292
Laid down: 1 July 1940
Launched: 16 August 1941
Commissioned: 15 October 1941
Fate: Sunk 12 September 1942 south of Spitzbergen by a British warship[1]
General characteristics
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged MAN 6-cylinder 4-stroke M 6 V 40/46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 km (43 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
7th U-boat Flotilla
8th U-boat Flotilla
11th U-boat Flotilla
Identification codes: M 27 945
Commanders: Kptlt. Heino Bohmann
Operations: Three
1st patrol:
29 April–3 May 1942
2nd patrol:
17 June– 11 July 1942
3rd patrol:
25 August–12 September 1942
Victories: Two ships, totalling (12,304 GRT) sunk

German submarine U-88 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down at the Flender Werke in Lübeck as yard number 292, launched on 16 August 1941 and commissioned on 15 October with Kapitänleutnant Heino Bohmann in command.

She was a fairly successful boat, succeeding in sinking over 12,000 tons of Allied shipping in a career lasting just one year over three patrols.

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

Having moved from Kiel to Kirkenes in Norway in April 1942, U-88 departed for her first patrol on the 29th. She returned on 3 May.

2nd patrol[edit]

The boat moved from Kirkenes to Narvik in early May and set-off for what was to be her most successful patrol on 17 June 1942. She sank two American ships, part of the ill-fated Convoy PQ-17, on 5 July. After a three hour pursuit, the Carlton was hit by a torpedo which did not detonate. A second torpedo did explode on impact, the ship sank in ten minutes. U-88 '​s second victim was the Daniel Morgan which had already been attacked by German aircraft. Two 'eels' (U-boat slang for torpedoes), sent her to the bottom. Three men died, there were 51 survivors.

3rd patrol and loss[edit]

U-88 left Narvik for the last time on 25 August 1942. She was sunk south of Spitzbergen at 75°04′N 04°49′E / 75.067°N 4.817°E / 75.067; 4.817Coordinates: 75°04′N 04°49′E / 75.067°N 4.817°E / 75.067; 4.817 by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Faulknor on 12 September.

46 men died; there were no survivors.

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-88 took part in 3 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Strauchritter (29 Apr 1942 - 2 May 1942)
  • Eisteufel (21 Jun 1942 - 11 Jul 1942)
  • Trägertod (12 Sep 1942 - 12 Sep 1942)

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[2]
5 July 1942 Carlton  United States 5,127 Sunk
5 July 1942 Daniel Morgan  United States 7,177 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. 1997. p. 89. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  2. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u.88html
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]