German submarine U-660

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-660
Ordered: 9 October 1939
Builder: Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
Yard number: 809
Laid down: 15 February 1941
Launched: 17 November 1941
Commissioned: 8 January 1942
Fate: Sunk 12 November 1942 in the Mediterranean in position 36°07′N 01°00′W / 36.117°N 1.000°W / 36.117; -1.000, by depth charges from HMS Lotus and HMS Starwort.
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC GG UB 720/8 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(8 January 1942 - 31 July 1942) - Training
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August 1942 - 31 October 1942)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1942 - 12 November 1942)
Commanders: Oblt Götz Baur
(8 January 1942 - 12 November 1942)
Operations: 1st patrol:
25 July 1942 - 6 September 1942
2nd patrol:
3 October 1942 - 15 October 1942
3rd patrol:
24 October 1942 - 12 November 1942
Victories: 2 merchant ships sunk (10,066 GRT)
2 merchant ships damaged (10,447 GRT)

German submarine U-660 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 15 February 1941 by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, Hamburg as 'werk' 809, launched on 17 November 1941 and commissioned on 8 January 1942 under Oblt Götz Baur.

Service History[edit]

The boat's career began with training at 5th U-boat Flotilla on 8 January 1942, followed by active service on 1 August 1942 as part of the 9th Flotilla. Later, on 1 November 1942, she transferred to operations in the Mediterranean with 29th Flotilla where she served for the remainder of her service.

In 3 patrols she sank 2 merchant ships, for a total of 10,066 gross register tons (GRT), and damaged 2 others.

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-660 took part in 4 wolf packs, namely

  • Steinbrinck (6 Aug 1942 – 11 Aug 1942)
  • Lohs (11 Aug 1942 – 28 Aug 1942)
  • Tümmler (3 Oct 1942 – 11 Oct 1942)
  • Wal (10 Nov 1942 – 12 Nov 1942)

Fate[edit]

U-660 was scuttled on 12 November 1942 in the Mediterranean in position 36°07′N 01°00′W / 36.117°N 1.000°W / 36.117; -1.000, after sustaining damage by depth charges from HMS Lotus and HMS Starwort.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
10 August 1942 Condylis  Greece 4,439 Damaged
10 August 1942 Cape Race  United Kingdom 3,807 Sunk
10 August 1942 Empire Reindeer  United Kingdom 6,259 Sunk
10 August 1942 Oregon  United Kingdom 6,008 Damaged

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-660 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "U-660 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. pp. 91, 98. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]