German submarine U-362

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-362
Ordered: 7 December 1940
Builder: Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, Flensburg
Yard number: 481
Laid down: 9 November 1941
Launched: 21 October 1942
Commissioned: 4 February 1943
Fate: Sunk, 5 September 1944[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.72 m (15 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesel engines totalling 2,800–3,200 hp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW)
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(4 February 1943–29 February 1944)
13th U-boat Flotilla
(1 March–5 September 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Ludwig Franz
(4 February 1943–5 September 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 6–28 February 1944
2nd patrol: 8–13 April 1944
3rd patrol: 14 May–7 June 1944
4th patrol: 14–20 July 1944
5th patrol: 2 August–5 September 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-362 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.

Built by Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft at Flensburg, the U-boat was laid down 9 November 1941, launched on 21 October 1942, and commissioned on 4 February 1943 with Oberleutnant zur See Ludwig Franz in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

Sailing from Kiel on 6 February 1944, U-362 first sailed for northern Norway from where she sortied out into the Norwegian Sea on several patrols, without sinking any ships.[4]

The U-boat sailed from Hammerfest on 2 August 1944, on her fifth and final patrol and headed east across the Barents Sea, north of Russia. On 5 September 1944 in the Kara Sea, she was sunk by depth charges from the Soviet minesweeper T-116 at 75°51′N 89°27′E / 75.850°N 89.450°E / 75.850; 89.450Coordinates: 75°51′N 89°27′E / 75.850°N 89.450°E / 75.850; 89.450. All 51 of the crew were lost.[3]

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-362 took part in five wolfpacks, namely.

  • Werwolf (23–27 February 1944)
  • Donner (11–12 April 1944)
  • Trutz (16–31 May 1944)
  • Grimm (31 May - 6 June 1944)
  • Greif (3 August - 5 September 1944)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp 1999, p. 217.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-362". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 
  4. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-362". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 362". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-362". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.