German submarine U-280

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-280
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 45
Laid down: 30 April 1942
Launched: 4 January 1943
Commissioned: 13 February 1943
Fate: Sunk, 16 November 1943
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 long tons (885 t) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(13 February–31 July 1943)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–16 November 1943)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Walter Hungershausen
(13 February 1943–16 November 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol: 12 October–16 November 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-280 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 30 April 1942 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack, launched on 4 January 1943, and commissioned on 13 February 1943 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Walter Hungershausen.[2]

Service history[edit]

U-280 served with 8th U-boat Flotilla while training, and transferred to 3rd U-boat Flotilla on 1 August 1943 for front-line service.[2]

On 12 October 1943 U-280 sailed from Kiel on her first and only war patrol.[3] On 16 November she was attacked by a British Liberator aircraft of No. 86 Squadron RAF near Convoy HX-265, in position 49°11′N 27°32′W / 49.183°N 27.533°W / 49.183; -27.533Coordinates: 49°11′N 27°32′W / 49.183°N 27.533°W / 49.183; -27.533, south-west of Iceland. The first attack missed and the aircraft was hit by flak, knocking out one engine. However the bomber attacked again, sinking U-280 with depth charges. The Liberator safely returned to base on three engines.[2]

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-280 operated with the following Wolfpacks during her career:

  • Körner (30 October - 2 November 1943)
  • Tirpitz 3 (2–8 November 1943)
  • Eisenhart 3 (9–15 November 1943)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ a b c d Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-280". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  3. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-280 from 12 October 1943 to 16 November 1943". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]