German submarine U-374

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-374
Ordered: 23 September 1939[1]
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 5[1]
Laid down: 18 December 1939[1]
Launched: 10 May 1941[1]
Commissioned: 21 June 1941[1]
Fate: Sunk 12 January 1942 in the western Mediterranean east of Cape Spartivento, in position 37°50′N 16°00′E / 37.833°N 16.000°E / 37.833; 16.000Coordinates: 37°50′N 16°00′E / 37.833°N 16.000°E / 37.833; 16.000 by torpedoes from the British submarine HMS Unbeaten. 42 dead and 1 survivor[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class & type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Identification codes: M 45 441
Commanders: Unno von Fischel (21 June 1941 - 12 January 1942)

German submarine U-374 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was ordered on 23 September 1939. Her keel was laid down by Howaldtswerke in Kiel on 18 December 1939, she was launched on 10 May 1941 and formally commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 21 June 1941 under the command of Unno von Fischel.

U-374 had a short career, carrying out three patrols. During these she sank one merchant ship, the British Rose Schiaffino and two auxiliary warships, the naval trawler Lady Shirley and naval yacht HMY Rosabelle.

U-374 was sunk on 12 January 1942 in the western Mediterranean east of Cape Spartivento, in position 37°50′N 16°00′E / 37.833°N 16.000°E / 37.833; 16.000, by torpedoes from the British submarine HMS Unbeaten. 42 of her crew were killed; there was one survivor.[3]

Service history[edit]

First patrol[edit]

29 September 1941 (Kiel) - 11 November 1941 (Brest}

Second patrol[edit]

6 December 1941 (Brest) - 14 December 1941 (La Spezia)

Third patrol[edit]

18 December 1941 (La Spezia) - 12 January 1942 (sunk)[1]

Wolf packs[edit]

U-374 took part in 1 wolfpack, namely.

  • Mordbrenner (16 Oct 1941 - 2 Nov 1941)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate
31 October 1941 Rose Schiaffino  United Kingdom 3,349 Sunk
11 December 1941 HMS Lady Shirley  Royal Navy 477 Sunk
11 December 1941 HMY Rosabelle  Royal Navy 515 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "U-374 Type VIIC". uboat.net. Retrieved 24 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 78.
Bibliography
  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. p. 59. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U-374". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-374". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.