German submarine U-403
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||23 September 1939|
|Builder:||Danziger Werft, Danzig|
|Laid down:||20 May 1940|
|Launched:||26 February 1941|
|Commissioned:||25 June 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk by a French aircraft, in August 1943, west of Dakar|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Part of:||5th U-boat Flotilla
(25 June–31 August 1941)
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 September–30 June 1942)
11th U-boat Flotilla
1 July 1942–28 February 1943
9th U-boat Flotilla
1 March–18 August 1943
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Heinz-Ehlert Clausen
(25 June 1941–15 June 1943)
Kptlt. Karl-Franz Heine
(16 June–18 August 1943)
1 March–19 March 1942
4–21 April 1943
17–28 July 1942
2 April–20 August 1942
26 August–21 September 1942
9 January–2 March 1943
19 April–31 May
13 July–18 August 1943
|Victories:||Two ships sunk; 12,946 GRT|
She carried out eight patrols. She sank two ships.
She was a member of twelve wolfpacks.
She was sunk by a French aircraft west of Dakar in August 1943.
The submarine was laid down on 20 May 1941 at the Danziger Werft at Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland) as yard number 15, launched on 26 February 1941 and commissioned on 25 June under the command of Kapitänleutnant Heinz-Ehlert Clausen.
She served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla from 25 June 1941 for training and the 7th flotilla from 1 September for operations. She was reassigned to the 11th flotilla on 1 July 1942, then the 9th flotilla on 1 March 1943.
U-359 's first patrol was preceded by a move from Kiel to the German-administered island of Helgoland, (sometimes written as 'Heligoland'), on 26 February 1942. She left there on 1 March, sailing through the Norwegian Sea. She sailed as far as the Barents Sea before docking in Narvik on the 19th.
She moved to Harstad (northwest of Narvik), on 21 April 1942, before setting out on her second foray when she sank the Empire Howard southeast of Bear Island on the 16th. The ship went down in fifty-seven seconds.
3rd and 4th patrols
Having berthed in Skjomenfjord (south of Narvik) on 27 July 1942, the boat departed on her fourth sortie on 2 April. Her route took her through the Norwegian, Greenland and Barents Seas. She returned to Skjomenfjord on 20 August.
5th and 6th patrols
The submarine's fifth patrol terminated in Narvik on 21 September 1942. She moved to Trondheim on the 26th.
Patrol number six started from Trondheim on 9 January 1943. The boat passed through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and headed for southeast Greenland. She then turned south and was attacked by a Canso (the Canadian version of the Catalina flying boat) off the Newfoundland coast on 6 February. Moderate damage was sustained. She subsequently sank the Greek-registered Zeus on the 19th.
7th and 8th patrols and loss
The submarine was on the surface accompanied by U-43 on 30 July 1943, when they were attacked by Avenger and Wildcat aircraft from the American escort carrier USS Santee. U-403 escaped, U-43 was not so lucky; she was sunk.
Forty-nine men died in U-403; there were no survivors.
Previously recorded fate
U-403 took part in twelve wolfpacks, namely.
- Aufnahme (7–11 March 1942)
- Blücher (11–18 March 1942)
- Bums (6–14 April 1942)
- Blutrausch (15–18 April 1942)
- Nebelkönig (7–14 August 1942)
- Trägertod (12–19 September 1942)
- Falke (15–19 January 1943)
- Haudegen (19 January - 15 February 1943)
- Taifun (15–20 February 1943)
- Amsel (26 April - 3 May 1943)
- Amsel 4 (3–6 May 1943)
- Rhein (7–10 May 1943)
Summary of Raiding Career
|16 April 1942||Empire Howard||United Kingdom||6,985||Sunk|
|19 February 1943||Zeus||Greece||5,961||Sunk|
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- Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. pp. 152, 206, 209. ISBN 0-304-35203-9.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 403". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-403". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- U-403 at ubootwaffe.net[dead link]