German submarine U-213

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-213
Ordered: 16 February 1940
Builder: Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 645
Laid down: 1 October 1940
Launched: 24 July 1941
Commissioned: 30 August 1941
Fate: Sunk on 31 July 1942 by British warships
General characteristics
Type: Type VIID submarine[1]
Displacement: 965 tonnes (950 long tons) surfaced
1,080 t (1,060 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.9 m (252 ft 4 in) o/a
59.8 m (196 ft 2 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.38 m (20 ft 11 in) o/a<
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged GW, 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesel engines totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG GU 460/8-276 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW). Max rpm: 285
Speed: 16.7 knots (30.9 km/h; 19.2 mph) surfaced
7.9 knots (14.6 km/h; 9.1 mph) submerged
Range: 11,200 nmi (20,700 km; 12,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
69 km (37 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 200 m (660 ft)
Crush depth: 220–240 m (720–790 ft)
Crew: 4 officers, 40 enlisted
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 × TMA or 39 × TMB tube-launched mines
5 × vertical launchers with 15 SMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
2 × 20 mm AA (4,380 rounds)

German submarine U-213 was a Type VIID mine-laying U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Training[edit]

Laid down on 1 October 1940 by Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel as 'werk' 645, the boat was launched on 24 July 1941 and commissioned on 30 August with Oberleutnant zur See Amelung von Varendorff in command.[2] She trained with the 5th U-boat Flotilla until 31 December 1941; on 1 January 1942 she was assigned to the 1st U-boat Flotilla.[2] On 1 May 1942 she was assigned to the 9th U-boat Flotilla and spent the rest of her career with that unit.[2]

Operational history[edit]

U-213 carried out three war patrols during her career, ranging into the North Atlantic. One of them included the landing of an Abwehr agent, Alfred Langbein, on the Canadian coast near St. Martins, New Brunswick on 14 May 1942.[2] The mission was termed Operation Grete; Langbein was instructed to report on the sailing of convoys.[2] He failed to accomplish this, and surrendered to the authorities in September 1944 after running out of money. He was released after the end of the war.[2] U-213 was a member of three "wolfpacks" during the war, as part of 'Schlei' from 1 February until 12 February 1942, 'Westwall' from the 2nd until 12 March, and 'Pfadfinder' from the 2nd until 27 May.[2] During this period she suffered two attacks, one on 7 February 1942 from the escorts of convoy ON-63, which she was attempting to attack, which left the U-boat slightly damaged after attacks by depth charges; another was when the boat was surprised on the surface by a destroyer in bad weather in the Gulf of Maine, and was again slightly damaged by depth charges on 15 May.[2]

U-213 was sunk on 31 July 1942, while in the North Atlantic, east of the Azores, in a depth charge attack by the British sloops HMS Erne, HMS Rochester and Sandwich.[2] Her entire crew of 50 were lost with her.[2]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Gröner, p. 103.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Helgason. "U-213". Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
Bibliography
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 III (Koblenz: Bernard&Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-213". The Type VIID U-boat U-162. Uboat.net. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 

Coordinates: 36°45′N 22°50′W / 36.750°N 22.833°W / 36.750; -22.833