German submarine U-95 (1940)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-95.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-95
Ordered: 30 May 1938
Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
Yard number: 600
Laid down: 16 September 1939
Launched: 18 July 1940
Commissioned: 31 August 1940
Fate: Sunk by a Dutch submarine on 28 November 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 km (43 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
7th U-boat Flotilla
Identification codes: M 07 970
Commanders: Kptlt. Gerd Schreiber
(31 August 1940–28 November 1941
Operations: Seven
1st patrol:
20 November–6 December 1940
2nd patrol:
16 December 1940–14 January 1941
3rd patrol:
16 February–19 March 1941
4th patrol:
12 April–13 May 1941
5th patrol:
30 June–31 July 1941
6th patrol:
21 August–20 September 1941
7th patrol:
19 November–28 November 1941
Victories: Eight ships sunk; 28,415 gross register tons (GRT);
four ships damaged - 27,916 GRT

German submarine U-95 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down on 16 September 1939 by Germaniawerft at Kiel as yard number 600 and commissioned on 31 August 1940. In seven patrols, she sank eight ships for a total of 28,415 GRT and damaged four other vessels for a total of 27,916 GRT.

U-95 was sunk by a torpedo from a Dutch submarine on 28 November 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea.

Operational career[edit]

U-95 was a member of two wolfpacks.

1st patrol[edit]

The boat left Kiel for her first patrol on 20 November 1940. She entered the Northern Atlantic Ocean and damaged the Ringhorn on the 28th with her deck gun, having missed with two torpedoes. The merchantman was hit in the funnel and near the bridge, but the action could not be brought to a successful conclusion because of weather conditions. The Germans, believing the ship would sink, left the area but the crew re-boarded her and sailed to Belfast Lough.

U-95 also damaged the Conch on 2 December. This ship had already been hit by U-47 about 370 nautical miles (690 km; 430 mi) west of Bloody Foreland (Ireland). The boat fired four torpedoes, one of which struck the vessel. She was eventually sunk by U-99.

The submarine headed for her new French Atlantic base, arriving at Lorient on 6 December.

2nd patrol[edit]

U-95 continued the business of damaging ships when she attacked, but did not sink, the Walotira 124 nautical miles (230 km; 143 mi) northwest of Rockall on 26 December 1940. This vessel met her end due to the actions of U-99 on the 27th.

3rd patrol[edit]

The boat left Lorient on 16 February 1941 for her third sortie. She sank the Cape Nelson and the Temple Moat south of Iceland on the 24th.

When the Pacific went down on 2 March north of Rockall, there was only one survivor. The destruction of the neutral Murjek was even more bloody. She went to the bottom with all hands on the 5th.

U-95 returned to France, but to St. Nazaire on 19 March.

4th patrol[edit]

The boat maintained her success on her fourth patrol, sinking the Taranger 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi) southwest of Reykavik in Iceland on 3 May 1941.

5th patrol[edit]

For her fifth patrol, U-95 damaged the Palma west southwest of Bantry Bay (Ireland)[1] on 20 July 1941. One hit with her deck gun was reported when three rounds had struck their target.

6th patrol[edit]

U-95's only kill on her sixth foray was the Trinidad. The relatively small ship was sunk with 37 rounds from the boat's deck gun due west of La Rochelle on 6 September 1941.

7th patrol and loss[edit]

The submarine successfully forced the heavily defended Strait of Gibraltar and entered the Mediterranean Sea. She was sunk by a torpedo from the Dutch submarine O 21 southwest of Almeria in Spain on 28 November 1941.

35 men died with the U-boat; there were 12 survivors.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
27 November 1940 Irene Maria  United Kingdom 1,862 Sunk
28 November 1940 Ringhorn  Norway 1,298 Damaged
2 December 1940 Conch  United Kingdom 8,376 Damaged
26 December 1940 Waiotira  United Kingdom 12,823 Damaged
24 February 1941 Cape Nelson  United Kingdom 3,807 Sunk
24 February 1941 Svein Jarl  Norway 1,908 Sunk
24 February 1941 Temple Moat  United Kingdom 4,427 Sunk
2 March 1941 Pacific  United Kingdom 6,034 Sunk
5 March 1941 Mursjek  Sweden 5,070 Sunk
3 May 1941 Taranger  United Kingdom 4,873 Sunk
20 July 1941 Palma  United Kingdom 5,419 Damaged
6 September 1941 Trinidad  Panama 434 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 9
  2. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u95html
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 

External links[edit]

  • "Uboat.net". The Boats – U-95. Retrieved 1 August 2007. 

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 36°24′N 3°20′W / 36.400°N 3.333°W / 36.400; -3.333