German submarine U-95 (1940)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||30 May 1938|
|Builder:||Germaniawerft at Kiel|
|Laid down:||16 September 1939|
|Launched:||18 July 1940|
|Commissioned:||31 August 1940|
|Fate:||Sunk by a Dutch submarine on 28 November 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea|
|Type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 km (43 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers & ratings|
7th U-boat Flotilla
|Identification codes:||M 07 970|
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Gerd Schreiber
(31 August 1940–28 November 1941
20 November–6 December 1940
16 December 1940–14 January 1941
16 February–19 March 1941
12 April–13 May 1941
30 June–31 July 1941
21 August–20 September 1941
19 November–28 November 1941
|Victories:||Eight ships sunk; 28,415 gross register tons (GRT);
four ships damaged - 27,916 GRT
German submarine U-95 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down on 16 September 1939 by Germaniawerft at Kiel as yard number 600 and commissioned on 31 August 1940. In seven patrols, she sank eight ships for a total of 28,415 GRT and damaged four other vessels for a total of 27,916 GRT.
U-95 was sunk by a torpedo from a Dutch submarine on 28 November 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea.
U-95 was a member of two wolfpacks.
The boat left Kiel for her first patrol on 20 November 1940. She entered the Northern Atlantic Ocean and damaged the Ringhorn on the 28th with her deck gun, having missed with two torpedoes. The merchantman was hit in the funnel and near the bridge, but the action could not be brought to a successful conclusion because of weather conditions. The Germans, believing the ship would sink, left the area but the crew re-boarded her and sailed to Belfast Lough.
U-95 also damaged the Conch on 2 December. This ship had already been hit by U-47 about 370 nautical miles (690 km; 430 mi) west of Bloody Foreland (Ireland). The boat fired four torpedoes, one of which struck the vessel. She was eventually sunk by U-99.
The submarine headed for her new French Atlantic base, arriving at Lorient on 6 December.
U-95 continued the business of damaging ships when she attacked, but did not sink, the Walotira 124 nautical miles (230 km; 143 mi) northwest of Rockall on 26 December 1940. This vessel met her end due to the actions of U-99 on the 27th.
The boat left Lorient on 16 February 1941 for her third sortie. She sank the Cape Nelson and the Temple Moat south of Iceland on the 24th.
When the Pacific went down on 2 March north of Rockall, there was only one survivor. The destruction of the neutral Murjek was even more bloody. She went to the bottom with all hands on the 5th.
U-95 returned to France, but to St. Nazaire on 19 March.
The boat maintained her success on her fourth patrol, sinking the Taranger 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi) southwest of Reykavik in Iceland on 3 May 1941.
U-95's only kill on her sixth foray was the Trinidad. The relatively small ship was sunk with 37 rounds from the boat's deck gun due west of La Rochelle on 6 September 1941.
7th patrol and loss
The submarine successfully forced the heavily defended Strait of Gibraltar and entered the Mediterranean Sea. She was sunk by a torpedo from the Dutch submarine O 21 southwest of Almeria in Spain on 28 November 1941.
35 men died with the U-boat; there were 12 survivors.
Summary of Raiding Career
|27 November 1940||Irene Maria||United Kingdom||1,862||Sunk|
|28 November 1940||Ringhorn||Norway||1,298||Damaged|
|2 December 1940||Conch||United Kingdom||8,376||Damaged|
|26 December 1940||Waiotira||United Kingdom||12,823||Damaged|
|24 February 1941||Cape Nelson||United Kingdom||3,807||Sunk|
|24 February 1941||Svein Jarl||Norway||1,908||Sunk|
|24 February 1941||Temple Moat||United Kingdom||4,427||Sunk|
|2 March 1941||Pacific||United Kingdom||6,034||Sunk|
|5 March 1941||Mursjek||Sweden||5,070||Sunk|
|3 May 1941||Taranger||United Kingdom||4,873||Sunk|
|20 July 1941||Palma||United Kingdom||5,419||Damaged|
|6 September 1941||Trinidad||Panama||434||Sunk|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- "Uboat.net". The Boats – U-95. Retrieved 1 August 2007.