German submarine U-384

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Career
Name: U-384
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: Howaldtwerke, Kiel
Yard number: 15
Laid down: 29 March 1941
Launched: 28 May 1942
Commissioned: 18 July 1942
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft, in March 1943, west of Malin Head[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(18 July–19 December 1942)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 January–19 March 1943)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Hans-Achim von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski
(18 July 1942–19 March 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
12 December 1942–3 February 1943
2nd patrol:
6 March–19 March 1943
Victories: Two ships sunk; 13,407 GRT

German submarine U-384 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out two patrols. She sank two ships.

She was a member of three wolfpacks.

She was sunk by a British aircraft southwest of Iceland in March 1943.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 29 March 1941 at the Howaldtswerke at Kiel as 'werk' 15, launched on 28 May 1942 and commissioned on 18 July under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Achim von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski.

She served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla from 18 July 1942 and the 3rd flotilla from 1 January 1943.

1st patrol[edit]

U-359's first patrol took her from Kiel in Germany on 12 December 1942. She sank the Louise Lykes in mid-Atlantic on 9 January 1943. She then docked at La Pallice in occupied France on 3 February.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

Having left La Pallice on 6 March 1943, she sank the Coracero on the 17th. On the 19th, she was sunk by a British B-17 Flying Fortress of No. 206 Squadron RAF.

47 men died in the U-boat; there were no survivors.[3]

Previously recorded fate[edit]

U-361 was originally noted as sunk on 20 March 1943 by a British Sunderland flying boat of 201 Squadron. This attack was against U-631.[4] No damage was sustained.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[5]
9 January 1943 Louise Lykes  United States 6,155 Sunk
17 March 1943 Coracero  United Kingdom 7,252 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 107.
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-384 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Kemp, p. 107
  4. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/u384/htm
  5. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u384/html
Bibliography

See also[edit]