German submarine U-89 (1941)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-89.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-89
Ordered: 25 January 1939
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 293
Laid down: 20 August 1940
Launched: 20 September 1941
Commissioned: 19November 1941
Fate: Sunk 12 May 1943 in the Northern Atlantic by a British aircraft and British warships
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 km (43 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
8th U-boat Flotilla
9th U-boat Flotilla
Commanders: Krvkpt Dietrich Lohmann
(19 November 1941–12 May 1943)
Operations: Five
1st patrol:
14–27 May 1942
2nd patrol:
6 June– 21 August 1942
3rd patrol:
4 October–19 November 1942
4th patrol:
21 January– 28 March 1943
5th patrol:
24 April–12 May 1943
Victories: Four ships sunk for a total of 13.815 gross register tons (GRT)

German submarine U-89 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down at the Flender Werke in Lübeck as 'werk' 293, launched on 20 September 1941 and commissioned on 19 November with Korvettenkapitän Dietrich Lohmann in command.

She was a fairly successful boat, sinking over 13,000 tons of Allied shipping in a career lasting just one year and five patrols. She was a member of ten wolfpacks. After training with the 8th U-boat Flotilla, U-89 was assigned to the 9th flotilla on 1 May 1942 for operations.

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

U-89 departed Kiel for her first patrol on 14 May 1942. She docked in Brest, on the French Atlantic coast, on the 27th.

2nd patrol[edit]

The boat's second foray started from Brest on 6 June 1942 and finishing there on 21 August. Using her deck gun she sank a Canadian fishing boat, the Lucille M., with 20 incendiary and 15 high explosive rounds off Cape Sable on 25 July

3rd patrol[edit]

U-89 sank the British ship, the Jeypore on 3 November 1942 and the Daleby also British, both east of Cape Farewell (Greenland), the following day. On the 5th, she was attacked by a B-24 Liberator of No. 120 Squadron RAF. Originally thought to have sunk U-132, U-89 was severely damaged.

4th patrol[edit]

Sortie number four began from Brest on 24 January 1943; it was relatively uneventful but terminated in La Pallice on 28 March.

5th patrol and loss[edit]

U-89 left France for the last time on 25 April 1943. On 7 May she sank the Greek Laconikis northeast of the Azores but was herself sunk by a combination of a Fairey Swordfish of 811 Naval Air Squadron from the escort carrier HMS Biter (D97), the destroyer HMS Broadway and the frigate HMS Lagan. U-89 was sunk at position 46°30′N 25°40′W / 46.500°N 25.667°W / 46.500; -25.667.[1]

48 men died with the U-boat; there were no survivors.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[2]
25 July 1942 Lucille M  Canada 54 Sunk
3 November 1942 Teypore  United Kingdom 5,318 Sunk
4 November 1942 Daleby  United Kingdom 4,640 Sunk
7 May 1943 Laconikos  Greece 3,803 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. pp. 210–211. ISBN 0-304-35203-9.