German submarine U-89 (1941)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||25 January 1939|
|Builder:||Flender Werke, Lübeck|
|Laid down:||20 August 1940|
|Launched:||20 September 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk 12 May 1943 in the Northern Atlantic by a British aircraft and British warships|
|Type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 km (43 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Armament:||5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
8th U-boat Flotilla
9th U-boat Flotilla
|Commanders:||Krvkpt Dietrich Lohmann
(19 November 1941–12 May 1943)
14–27 May 1942
6 June– 21 August 1942
4 October–19 November 1942
21 January– 28 March 1943
24 April–12 May 1943
|Victories:||Four ships sunk for a total of 13.815 gross register tons (GRT)|
She was a fairly successful boat, sinking over 13,000 tons of Allied shipping in a career lasting just one year and five patrols. She was a member of ten wolfpacks. After training with the 8th U-boat Flotilla, U-89 was assigned to the 9th flotilla on 1 May 1942 for operations.
The boat's second foray started from Brest on 6 June 1942 and finishing there on 21 August. Using her deck gun she sank a Canadian fishing boat, the Lucille M., with 20 incendiary and 15 high explosive rounds off Cape Sable on 25 July
U-89 sank the British ship, the Jeypore on 3 November 1942 and the Daleby also British, both east of Cape Farewell (Greenland), the following day. On the 5th, she was attacked by a B-24 Liberator of No. 120 Squadron RAF. Originally thought to have sunk U-132, U-89 was severely damaged.
Sortie number four began from Brest on 24 January 1943; it was relatively uneventful but terminated in La Pallice on 28 March.
5th patrol and loss
U-89 left France for the last time on 25 April 1943. On 7 May she sank the Greek Laconikis northeast of the Azores but was herself sunk by a combination of a Fairey Swordfish of 811 Naval Air Squadron from the escort carrier HMS Biter (D97), the destroyer HMS Broadway and the frigate HMS Lagan. U-89 was sunk at position .
48 men died with the U-boat; there were no survivors.
Summary of Raiding Career
|25 July 1942||Lucille M||Canada||54||Sunk|
|3 November 1942||Teypore||United Kingdom||5,318||Sunk|
|4 November 1942||Daleby||United Kingdom||4,640||Sunk|
|7 May 1943||Laconikos||Greece||3,803||Sunk|
- Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. pp. 210–211. ISBN 0-304-35203-9.
- Kemp, p. 116.