German submarine U-569

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-569
Ordered: 24 October 1939
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 545
Laid down: 21 May 1940
Launched: 20 March 1941
Commissioned: 8 May 1941
Fate: Scuttled, May 1943, after damage inflicted by US aircraft[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2]
Part of: 3rd U-boat Flotilla
(8 May–1 August 1941)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 August 1941–22 May 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hans-Petr Hinsch
(8 May 1941–6 February 1943)
Oblt.z.S.(R) Hans Johansen
(3 February–22 May 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
11 August–21 October 1941
2nd patrol:
12 October–12 November 1941
3rd patrol:
10–23 December 1941
4th patrol:
26 February–2 April 1942
5th patrol:
5 May–28 June 1942
6th patrol:
4 August–8 October 1942
7th patrol
25 November–28 December 1942
8th patrol:
7 February–13 March 1943
9th patrol:
19 April–22 May 1943
Victories: One ship sunk, 984 GRT;
one ship damaged - 4,458 GRT

German submarine U-569 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out nine patrols, sank one ship of 984 GRT and damaged one other of 4,458 GRT.

She was a member of 15 wolfpacks.

She was scuttled following damage inflicted by US carrier-borne aircraft in mid-Atlantic, in May 1943.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 21 May 1940 at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as yard number 545, launched on 20 March 1941 and commissioned on 8 May under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hans-Peter Hinsch.

She served with the 3rd U-boat Flotilla from 1 August 1941 for training and stayed with that organization for operations until her loss from 1 August 1941 to 22 May 1943.

1st and 2nd patrols[edit]

U-432's first patrol was from Trondheim in Norway, she headed for the Atlantic Ocean via the gap separating Iceland and the Faroe Islands. She arrived at St. Nazaire in occupied France, on 21 September 1941.

Having left St. Nazaire on 12 October 1941, U-569 made for the Newfoundland and Labrador coast. She returned to her French base on 12 November.

3rd patrol[edit]

The submarine was attacked by a Fairey Swordfish west of Gibraltar on 16 December 1941. She, along with four other U-boats, was to have operated in the Mediterranean, but the damage was such that she had to return to St. Nazaire.[3][4]

4th and 5th patrols[edit]

U-569 sank the Hengist on 8 March 1942 northwest of Cape Wrath (Scotland)[5] and returned to France (La Pallice), on 2 April 1943.

On her fifth sortie, she damaged the Pontypridd northeast of St. Johns, Newfoundland, on 11 June 1942 and took the master prisoner. She returned to La Pallice on the 28th.

6th and 7th patrols[edit]

The boat was attacked by the Norwegian corvette HNoMS Potentilla on 25 August 1942. The warship lost the element of surprise and her intention to ram when her 4 in gun opened fire prematurely. Several hits were scored on the conning tower by 20mm AA guns, but the larger weapon failed to register in the encounter in mid-Atlantic.

The boat's seventh patrol was relatively peaceful with no contacts.

8th patrol[edit]

U-569 was attacked by the escorts of Convoy UC-1 on 23 February 1943 and seriously damaged. She had departed La Pallice on 7 February 1943 and returned there on 13 March.

9th patrol and loss[edit]

The boat was badly damaged by depth charges dropped by two TBM Avengers from the escort carrier USS Bogue on 22 May 1943. She was scuttled in mid-Atlantic on 22 May 1943.

Twenty-one men died with U-569; there were 25 survivors.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage Fate[6]
8 March 1942 Hengist  United Kingdom 984 Sunk
11 June 1942 Pontypridd  United Kingdom 4,458 Damaged

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 120
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-569 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  3. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/u.../htm
  4. ^ Paterson, Lawrence - U-Boats in the Mediterranean 1941-1944, 2007, Chatham Publishing, ISBN 9781861762900, p. 94
  5. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 10
  6. ^ "U569 successes". Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]