German submarine U-571
|Ordered:||October 24, 1939|
|Builder:||Blohm & Voss, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||June 8, 1940|
|Launched:||4 April 1941|
|Commissioned:||May 22, 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk west of Ireland, January 28, 1944. 52 dead (all hands lost).|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
1070 tonnes total
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft) total
50.5 m pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft) total
4.7 m pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15.6 ft)|
3,200 hp (2,400 kW) surfaced
750 hp (560 kW) submerged
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14 km/h) submerged
|Range:||13,700 km (7,400 nmi; 8,500 mi) (7,400 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
125 km (67 nmi) at 4 knots (7 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||220 m (722 ft)|
|Armament:||88 mm/45 deck gun with 220 rounds
4 bow and 1 aft torpedo tubes
German submarine U-571 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. U-571 conducted eleven war patrols, sinking seven ships totalling 47,169 tons, and damaging one other, which displaced 11,394 tons. On January 28, 1944 she was attacked by an Australian-crewed Sunderland aircraft from No. 461 Squadron RAAF west of Ireland and was destroyed by depth charges. All hands were lost.
Her keel was laid down June 8, 1940 by Blohm & Voss of Hamburg. She was commissioned May 22, 1941 with Kapitänleutnant Helmut Möhlmann in command. Under his command U-571 had nine successful patrols in the Arctic and in the North and Central Atlantic. In August and September 1941, U-571 operated against Allied and Soviet forces, sinking the Soviet passenger vessel Marija Uljanova on August 26.
In 1942, U-571 operated off the east coast of the United States, sinking the British freighter Hertford on March 29, the Norwegian tanker M/T Koll on April 6 off Cape Hatteras, and the American freighter Margaret on April 14 after the ship left San Juan, Puerto Rico. Although U-571’s log mentions that some of the 8 officers and 21 men managed to get into a lifeboat and onto rafts, none of Margaret’s crew were ever seen again. In July 1942 the submarine operated in the Caribbean and torpedoed four ships; the British freighter Umtata on July 7, the American tanker, SS J. A. Moffet on July 8, the Honduran freighter Nicholas Cuneo on July 9 and on July 15 the American tanker, SS Pennsylvania Sun. The whole crew of J. A. Moffet (35 merchant marine and 5 Naval Armed Guard) abandoned ship into two lifeboats and three rafts, except for the master who was killed. The United States Coast Guard vessels Mary Jean and Southbound picked up the 39 survivors and brought them to Florida. When SS Pennsylvania Sun was torpedoed, two of the merchant crew died in the resulting explosion, but the rest of the 40 merchant marine crew and the 17 members of the Naval Armed Guard survived after being rescued by USS Dahlgren. Pennsylvania Sun was later salvaged and returned to service, while the other three ships attacked in July were sunk.
On March 22, 1943, U-571 was attacked by an aircraft in the North Atlantic and was damaged and had to return to base. In April 1943, Möhlmann claimed that he sank three additional ships but these could not be matched with records of Allied losses. On April 22, 1943, she had to return to base because the commander was badly injured in an accident on the conning tower. On May 2, 1943, Möhlmann was relieved by Oberleutnant zur See Gustav Lüssow. U-571 patrolled off the west coast of Africa in July before returning to base on September 1. Between September and December, U-571 was probably being overhauled in a drydock as no mention of the boat for that time period appears in war diary kept by the German Commander in Chief, Submarines, Admiral Karl Dönitz.
On January 18, 1944, Lüssow reported to his submarine command that he attacked and sank an unknown destroyer; however, this could not be verified to any known Allied losses during World War II. On January 28, 1944 she was attacked by an Australian-crewed Sunderland aircraft from No. 461 Squadron RAAF west of Ireland and was destroyed by depth charges. The aircraft's captain, Flight Lieutenant R. D. Lucas, reported that most of the crew successfully abandoned ship, but soon died from hypothermia. U-571 sank with all hands — 52 dead — at Coordinates: . She had not suffered any casualties to her crew during her career until then. The plane, EK577 (callsign "D for Dog"), was crewed partly by Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel and was based at RAF Pembroke Dock, in Wales. The crew was Lucas, Sergeant (Sgt) J. R. Brannan (RAF, a Canadian), Flight Sergeant (F/Sgt) W. J. Darcey, Sgt D. Musson (RAF), F/Sgt S. T. Burnett, Sgt D. McWalker (RAF), Flying Officer (F/O) H. D. Roberts, F/Sgt G. H. Simmonds (RAF), F/O R. H. Prentice, and F/Sgt C. D. Bremner.
Summary of Raiding Career
|26 August 1941||Marija Uljanova||Soviet Navy||3,870||Total loss|
|29 March 1942||Hertford||United Kingdom||10,923||Sunk|
|6 April 1942||Koll||Norway||10,044||Sunk|
|14 April 1942||Margaret||United States||3,352||Sunk|
|7 July 1942||Umtata||United Kingdom||8,141||Sunk|
|8 July 1942||J.A.Moffett Jr||United States||9,788||Total loss|
|9 July 1942||Nicholas Cuneo||Honduras||1,051||Sunk|
|15 July 1942||Pennsylvania Sun||United States||11,394||Damaged|
U-571 was the name of the eponymous U-boat in U-571, a movie released in 2000, starring Matthew McConaughey, Bill Paxton and Jon Bon Jovi. The real U-571 was never captured by the Allies, nor was her Enigma Machine ever taken. The events in the film are loosely based on the British capture of U-110 and her Enigma and cipher keys.
- John Charles Taylor (1966). German Warships of World War II. Allan. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.