German submarine U-389

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-389
Ordered: 21 November 1940
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 20
Laid down: 3 December 1941
Launched: 19 December 1942
Commissioned: 6 February 1943
Fate: Sunk, October 1943, by a British aircraft southwest of Iceland
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(6 February–31 July 1943)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–4 October 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Siegfried Heilmann
(6 February–4 October 1943)
Operations: 18 September–4 October 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-389 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out one patrol. She did not sink or damage any ships.

She was sunk by a British aircraft southwest of Iceland in October 1943.[2]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 3 December 1941 at the Howaldtswerke (yard) at Flensburg as yard number 20, launched on 19 December 1942 and commissioned on 6 February 1942 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Heilmann.

The boat was a member of one wolfpack.

She served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla from 6 February 1943 and the 9th flotilla from 1 August of the same year.

Patrol and loss[edit]

After moving briefly between Kiel, Bergen and Trondheim, U-389 set-off from the latter on 18 September 1943. Passing through the gap that separates Iceland and the Faroe Islands, she was attacked and sunk by depth charges dropped from a British Liberator of No. 120 Squadron RAF.

50 men died in the U-boat; there were no survivors.

Previously recorded fate[edit]

U-389 was noted as sunk on 5 October 1943 southwest of Iceland in the Denmark Strait by a RAF Liberator of 269 Squadron. This attack accounted for U-336.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-389 took part in one wolfpack, namely.

  • Rossbach (24 September - 4 October 1943)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-389". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 60°51′00″N 28°26′00″W / 60.8500°N 28.4333°W / 60.8500; -28.4333