German submarine U-389

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Career
Name: U-389
Ordered: 21 November 1940
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 20
Laid down: 3 December 1941
Launched: 19 December 1942
Commissioned: 6 February 1943
Fate: Sunk, October 1943, by a British aircraft southwest of Iceland
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(6 February–31 July 1943)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–4 October 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Siegfried Heilmann
(6 February–4 October 1943)
Operations: 18 September–4 October 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-389 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out one patrol. She did not sink or damage any ships.

She was sunk by a British aircraft southwest of Iceland in October 1943.[2]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 3 December 1941 at the Howaldtswerke (yard) at Flensburg as 'werk' 20, launched on 19 December 1942 and commissioned on 6 February 1942 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Heilmann.

The boat was a member of one wolfpack.

She served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla from 6 February 1943 and the 9th flotilla from 1 August of the same year.

Patrol and loss[edit]

After moving briefly between Kiel, Bergen and Trondheim, U-389 set-off from the latter on 18 September 1943. Passing through the gap that separates Iceland and the Faroe Islands, she was attacked and sunk by depth charges dropped from a British Liberator of No. 120 Squadron RAF.

50 men died in the U-boat; there were no survivors.

Previously recorded fate[edit]

U-389 was noted as sunk on 5 October 1943 southwest of Iceland in the Denmark Strait by a Lockheed Hudson of 269 Squadron. This attack accounted for U-336.

References[edit]

Notes
Bibliography

See also[edit]