German submarine U-225

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-225
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Cost: 4,439,000 Reichsmark
Yard number: 655
Laid down: 15 July 1941
Launched: 28 May 1942
Commissioned: 11 July 1942
Fate: sunk 22 February 1943
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:

German submarine U-225 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Ordered on 15 August 1940 from the Germaniawerft shipyard in Kiel, she was laid down on 16 June 1941 as yard number 655, launched on 28 May 1942 and commissioned on 11 July.[2]

Service History[edit]

First Patrol[edit]

She departed from Kiel on her first patrol on 5 December 1942. It was during this patrol that she successfully attacked five vessels in convoy ONS 154. She returned to Brest on the 8 January 1943.

Final Patrol[edit]

Less that one month later, she departed from Brest on her second and final patrol on 2 February 1943. After just 21 days, she was sunk.

Fate[edit]

U-225 was attacked and sunk with depth charges by HMS Dianthus with the loss of all 46 crew on 22 February 1943 at position 48°37′N 30°35′W / 48.617°N 30.583°W / 48.617; -30.583Coordinates: 48°37′N 30°35′W / 48.617°N 30.583°W / 48.617; -30.583.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[3]
27 December 1942 Scottish Heather  United Kingdom 7,087 Damaged
28 December 1942 Melmore Head  United Kingdom 5,273 Sunk
28 December 1942 Ville de Rouen  United Kingdom 5,598 Damaged
28 December 1942 President Francqui  Belgium 4,919 Damaged
28 December 1942 Empire Shackleton  United Kingdom 7,068 Damaged

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, p. 84.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-225". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. pp. 136, 138, 155. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-225". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 225". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014.