German submarine U-960

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-960
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 160
Laid down: 20 March 1942
Launched: 3 December 1942
Commissioned: 28 January 1943
Fate: Sunk 19 May 1944 in the Mediterranean in position 37°20′N 01°35′E / 37.333°N 1.583°E / 37.333; 1.583, by depth charges from USS Niblack, USS Ludlow plus Wellington and Ventura aircraft.
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC GG UB 720/8 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Armament:
Service record[1]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(28 January 1943 - 31 July 1943) - Training
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 August 1943 - 19 May 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Günther Heinrich
(28 January 1943 - 19 May 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol:
18 August 1943 - 1 September 1943
2nd patrol:
14 September 1943 - 10 October 1943
3rd patrol:
4 December 1943 - 3 February 1944
4th patrol:
19 March 1944 - 27 March 1944
5th patrol:
27 April 1944 - 19 May 1944
Victories: 2 merchant ships sunk (9,656 GRT)
1 auxiliary warship sunk (611 tons)

German submarine U-960 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 20 March 1942 by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as yard number 160, launched on 3 December 1942 and commissioned on 28 January 1943 under Oberleutnant zur See Günther Heinrich.

Service History[edit]

The boat's career began with training at 5th U-boat Flotilla on 28 January 1943, followed by active service on 1 August 1943 as part of the 3rd Flotilla for the remainder of her service.

In 5 patrols she sank 2 merchant ships, for a total of 9,656 gross register tons (GRT), plus 1 auxiliary warship of 611 tons.

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-960 took part in 5 wolf packs, namely

  • Wiking (20 Sep 1943 – 3 Oct 1943)
  • Coronel 1 (15 Dec 1943 – 17 Dec 1943)
  • Amrum (18 Dec 1943 – 23 Dec 1943)
  • Rügen 4 (23 Dec 1943 – 28 Dec 1943)
  • Rügen 3 (28 Dec 1943 – 31 Dec 1943)

Fate[edit]

U-960 was sunk on 19 May 1944 in the Mediterranean NW of Algiers, in position 37°20′N 01°35′E / 37.333°N 1.583°E / 37.333; 1.583, by depth charges from USS Niblack, USS Ludlow plus Wellington and Ventura aircraft.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
30 September 1943 Arkhangel’sk  Soviet Union 2,480 Sunk
1 October 1943 T-896 (No 42)  Soviet Navy 611 Sunk
16 January 1944 Sumner I. Kimball  United States 7,176 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-960 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "U-960 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]