German submarine U-387

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-387
Ordered: 21 November 1940
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 18
Laid down: 5 September 1941
Launched: 1 October 1942
Commissioned: 24 November 1942
Fate: Sunk by a British warship in the Barents Sea in December 1944[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(24 November 1942–30 June 1943)
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 July–31 October 1943)
13th U-boat Flotilla
(1 November–9 December 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Rudolf Büchler
(24 November 1942–9 December 1944)
Operations: Ten patrols:
3 July–21 August 1943
18 September–4 October 1943
22 October–6 December 1943
20 April–5 May 1944
20 May–8 June 1944
23–24 June 1944
11–21 July 1944
28 September–3 October 1944
9 October–10 November 1944
21 November–9 December 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-387 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out ten patrols. She sank no ships.

She was a member of eleven wolfpacks.

She was sunk by a British warship in the Barents Sea in December 1944.[3]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 5 September 1941 at the Howaldtswerke yard at Kiel as yard number 18, launched on 1 October 1942 and commissioned on 24 November under the command of Kapitänleutnant Rudolf Büchler.[3]

She served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla from 24 November 1942 and the 7th flotilla from 1 July 1943. She was reassigned to the 13th flotilla from 1 November until her loss.

1st patrol[edit]

U-387‍ '​s first patrol was preceded by short trips from Kiel to Marviken, then to Bergen in June 1943. The boat's patrol proper commenced with her departure from Bergen on 3 July. She followed the Norwegian coast as far as Bodø and then headed due north as far as a point a few miles short of Svalbard. She then sailed south, passing to the west of Bear Island, docking in Narvik on 21 August. At 50 days, it was her longest patrol, but sighting the enemy did not happen.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

The boat's second and third sorties were both divided into two parts. Her crew got to know the northern Norwegian, Greenland and Barents Seas particularly well.

4th, 5th and 6th patrols[edit]

The monotony of her fourth, fifth and sixth forays was not relieved by success.

7th patrol[edit]

By now based in Narvik, the submarine was carrying out her seventh patrol when she was attacked by a Norwegian-crewed Sunderland flying boat of No. 330 Squadron RAF. Enough damage was inflicted to oblige the U-boat to put into Trondheim for repairs.

8th and 9th patrols[edit]

U-387‍ '​s eighth patrol was uneventful as was her ninth, which took her to the waters around the North Cape.

10th patrol and loss[edit]

The boat left Narvik for the last time on 24 November 1944. On 9 December, she was sunk in the Barents Sea near Murmansk by depth charges dropped by the British corvette HMS Bamborough Castle.

Fifty-one men died in the U-boat; there were no survivors.[3]

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-387 took part in eleven wolfpacks, namely.

  • Monsun (4–5 October 1943)
  • Eisenbart (23 October - 5 December 1943)
  • Eisenbart (7 December 1943 - 3 January 1944)
  • Donner & Keil (21 April - 3 May 1944)
  • Trutz (23–31 May 1944)
  • Grimm (31 May - 6 June 1944)
  • Feuer (17 September 1944)
  • Zorn (29 September - 1 October 1944)
  • Grimm (1–2 October 1944)
  • Panther (17 October - 7 November 1944)
  • Stier (25 November - 9 December 1944)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp 1999, p. 225.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b c d Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-387". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 69°41′N 33°12′E / 69.683°N 33.200°E / 69.683; 33.200