Bola language (Austronesian)

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Native toPapua New Guinea
Native speakers
14,000 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bnp

Bola, or Bakovi, is an Oceanic language of West New Britain in Papua New Guinea. The Harua (Xarua) dialect developed on a palm plantation.


Phonology of the Bola language[3]:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Velar
Plosive p b t d k g
Nasal m n ŋ
Rhotic r
Fricative β ɣ
Lateral l

/t/ is realized as /s~ʃ/ when only occurring in front of /i/. The voiced stops /b d ɡ/ can often sound prenasalized [ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ] among various speakers.

Vowel sounds
Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a


  1. ^ Bola at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bola". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Wiebe, Brent (August 2004). "Bola (Bola-Bakovi) Language [BNP] East New Britain & West New Britain Province" (PDF). Organised Phonology Data.

External links[edit]