Macedonian cuisine (Greek)
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Macedonian cuisine is the cuisine of the region of Macedonia in northern Greece. Contemporary Greek Macedonian cooking shares much with general Greek and wider Balkan and Mediterranean cuisine, including dishes from the Ottoman tradition.
Ancient and Byzantine period
The letters of Lynceus of Samos include reference to a Macedonian dish organized by Lamia of Athens for her lover Demetrius I Poliorcetes. A constant factor across the centuries has been seafood and meats. In the wedding feast by Caranus referred in Hippolochus's letter, around 4th or 3rd century BC, we find grilled fish, eggs, oysters, orioles and a host of roasted delicacies. All supplemented with wine and half naked female flutists. The Byzantine era introduced further dishes.
A continuation from ancient days are dishes such as lamb cooked with quince or various vegetables and fruits, goat boiled or fried in olive oil: modern recipes from Kavala to Kastoria and Kozani offer lamb with quince, pork with celery or leeks.
Some current specialties are trahanas with crackling, phyllo-based pies (cheese, leek, spinach) and wild boar. Favourites are tyrokafteri (Macedonian spicy cheese spread), soupies krasates (cuttlefishes in wine), mydia yiachni (mussel stew). Unlike Athens, the traditional pita bread for the popular souvlaki is not grilled but fried. The variety of sweets has been particularly enriched with the arrival of the refugees. (Information included from 'Greek Gastronomy', GNTO, 2004)
- Kolokythakia tiganita: zucchini fried
- Krokos Kozanis (Saffron)
- Tirokafteri: a spicy cheese spread or dip made of whipped feta cheese with hot peppers and olive oil
- Red Peppers of Florina: can be roasted, sliced and served, by adding Greek olive oil, garlic and Aegean sea salt
- Chirino me selino: pork meat with celery
- Giaprakia (Christmas food in the region of Kozani): meat and rice in pickled cabbage-leaf. The name comes from the Turkish word yaprak (leaf)
- Kichi of Kozani: a type of tyropita
- Mydia yiachni: mussel stew
- Soupies krasates: cuttlefishes in wine
- Wild boar