West Champaran district
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|West Champaran district
पश्चिमी चंपारण ज़िला,مغربی چمپارن
|District of Bihar|
Location of West Champaran district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Paschim Champaran, Valmiki Nagar|
|• Assembly seats||Valmiki Nagar, Ramnagar, Narkatiaganj, Bagaha, Lauriya, Nautan, Chanpatia, Bettiah, Sikta|
|• Total||5,229 km2 (2,019 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||58.06 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||906|
|Major highways||NH 28B|
West Champaran (Hindi: पश्चिम चंपारण ज़िला, Urdu: مغرِبی چمپارن ضلع Maġribī Čaṃpāraṇ Zilā) is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India. It is a part of Tirhut Division  (Tirhut). The district headquarters are located at Bettiah.
West Champaran is known for its fluid border with Nepal. It is located just 60 km (37 mi) west of Birgunj in Nepal, where people can shop for Chinese, Korean and Japanese goods. Many people visit Nepal to celebrate birthdays and New Year's Eve. Nepal gets good business from this area. Students of Champaran are brilliant and many are officers in Indian government.
Flora and fauna
In 1989 West Champaran district became home to Valmiki National Park, which has an area of 336 km2 (129.7 sq mi). It is also home to two wildlife sanctuaries: Valkimi (adjacent to its namesake national park) and Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary.
West Champaran district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Bettiah, Bagaha, and Narkatiaganj.
Blocks: Bettiah, Sikta, Mainatand, Chanpattia, Bairia, Lauria, Bagaha - 1, Bagaha - 2, Madhubani, Gaunaha, Narkatiaganj, Manjhaulia, Nautan, Jogapatti, Ramnagar, Thakraha, Bhitaha, Piprasi
According to the 2011 census West Champaran district has a population of 3,922,780, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 63rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 750 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,900/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.89%. Pashchim Champaran has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.06%. Muslim education in deoraj (Lauriya block) is 87.12% which is highest in bihar in a particular region.
The district is well connected by roads and railways to all major cities.
The city inherits a very rich culture. It is the birthplace of famous poet Gopal Singh Nepali. Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement from here in 1917 along with prominent nationalists Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Brajkishore Prasad.
- Mahatma Gandhi, freedom fighter who started the Champaran Satyagraha movement here.
- Valmiki Rishi, an ascetic who wrote Hindu epic Ramayana here.
- Gopal Singh Nepali, Hindi poet.
- Gauri Shankar Pandey, politician.
- Prakash Jha, film director.
- Manoj Bajpayee, film actor.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
Amund Ringnes Island 5,255km2
- Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Retrieved September 25, 2011.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
||Maharajganj district, Uttar Pradesh||Nepal|
|Kushinagar district, Uttar Pradesh|
|Gopalganj district||East Champaran district|