Kochi metropolitan area

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Kochi metropolitan area
കൊച്ചി നഗരസമൂഹം
Greater Cochin
Urban Agglomeration
Ernakulam Mainland, as seen from the Vembanad Lake
Ernakulam Mainland, as seen from the Vembanad Lake
Country  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 2,277,630
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0484
Vehicle registration KL-7, KL-17, KL-39, KL-40, KL-41, KL-42, KL-43, KL-44, KL-63
This article is about the urban agglomeration of Kochi. For the city of Kochi, see Kochi

The Urban Agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (formerly known as Cochin) is a part of the Greater Cochin region and the largest urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Kerala.

The area constituted on the basis of census data 2011, consists of Corporation of Kochi (Cochin), 9 municipalities, 14 Panchayaths and parts of 4 Panchayaths. The 9 municipalities are Thrippunithura, Maradu, Thrikkakara, Kalamassery, Eloor, North Paravur, Perumbavoor, Aluva and Angamali. The fourteen Panchayaths consists of Cheranelloor, Varapuzha, Chennamangalam, Kadamakkudy, Mulavukad, Kadungalloor, Alengad, Chengamanad, Nedumbassery, Chottanikkara, Choornikkara, Edathala, Kumbalam, Kottuvally and Vypin Island.[citation needed].

Apart from these local body areas, the Census Towns (CT) of Kureekad, Chowwara, Cheriyakadavu and Kedamangalam are also part of the Kochi Urban Agglomeration. Urban ugglomerations in India are determined on the basis of Census Towns (CT) which may or may not coincide with local bodies like Corporations, Municipalities or Panchayaths. E.g., Thrikkakara Municipality is enumerated as Census Towns of Kakkanad and Vazhakkala. Kochi urban agglomeration itself is not a geographically contiguous entity.

As per Census 2011, it has a population of 2.2 million making it the largest urban agglomeration in Kerala.[1] In census 1991, Kochi UA was found to have a population of 1.14 million. In 2014, the urban population is 2.3 million.

[2][3][4]

History[edit]

Main article: History of Kochi

Kochi was the princely state under the Kingdom of Kochi which came into existence in 1102, after the fall of the Kulasekhara empire.[5] The princely state was having the Kochi mainland as the capital. The state was ruled by Cochin Royal Family. However, the kingdom was under foreign rule since the 18th century, and the King often only had titular privileges.

On the earlier days, the kingdom of Kochi was always under the shadow of the attacks from Samoothirippadu (often anglicised as Zamorin), the ruler of Malabar the northern neighbour. From 1503 to 1663, Kochi was ruled by Portugal. Kochi hosted the grave of Vasco da Gama, the first European explorer to set sail for India, who was buried at St. Francis Church until his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539.[6] The Portuguese rule was followed by that of the Dutch, who had allied with the Zamorins in order to conquer Kochi.

In the battle of Ambalapuzha (3 January 1754), the Dutch allied Kochi was defeated by Marthanda Varma of Travancore after he ousted the Dutch in the Battle of Colachel-1741. In 1757 AD, a treaty was concluded between Travancore and Cochin, ensuring peace and stability on the Southern border. By 1773, the Mysore King Hyder Ali extended his conquest in the Malabar region to Kochi, forcing it to become a tributary of Mysore. The hereditary Prime Ministership of Kochi held by the Paliath Achans came to an end during this period. Soon, Kochi was ceded to the United Kingdom by the Dutch, who feared an outbreak of war on the Dutch Republic signed a treaty with the United Kingdom. This was in exchange for the island of Bangka as per the treaty.[7] Kochi was thus under the British rule, till India gained independence in 1947.

In 1949, Travancore-Cochin state came into being with the merger of Cochin and Travancore. The King of Travancore was the Rajpramukh of the Travancore-Cochin Union from 1949 to 1956. Travancore-Cochin, was in turn merged with the Malabar district of the Madras State. Finally, the Government of India's States Reorganisation Act (1956) inaugurated a new state Kerala; incorporating Travancore-Cochin (excluding the four southern Taluks which were merged with Tamil Nadu), Malabar District, and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara.

Kochi Urban Agglomeration was defined in 1998, with the corporation of Cochin, municipalities of North Paravur Aluva, Angamaly, Kalamassery and 11 adjoining villages.

Economy[edit]

A night view of Marine Drive, Kochi
Main article: Economy of Kochi

Kochi UA is referred to as the economic capital of Kerala[citation needed]. As a major coastal city which acts a gateway to goods in India, it has helped the development of the city

The economic growth gathered momentum after economic reforms in India introduced by the central government in the mid-1990s. Since 2000, the service sector has energized the economy[citation needed]. Over the years, the city has witnessed rapid commercialisation, and has today grown into the commercial capital of Kerala.[9]

Constituents of the urban agglomeration[edit]

Place Classification 2001 population Area (km2)
Angamaly Municipality 33,424 24.0
Chengamanad Census town 29,775 15.6
Chowwara Census town 13,603
Aluva Municipality 24,108 7.2
Choornikkara Census town 36,998 11.0
Edathala Census town 67,137 16.0
Paravur Municipality 30,056 9.0
Kottuvally Census town 37,884 20.8
Varappuzha Census town 24,516 7.7
Eloor Municipality 30,092 14.2
Kadungalloor Municipality 35,451 18.1
Mulavukad Census town 22,845 19.3
Kadamakkudy Census town 15,823 12.9
Cheranallur Census town 26,330 10.6
Kalamassery Municipality 63,176 27.0
Vazhakkala Census town 42,272 19.6
Vypin Census town 200,238 87.85
Kochi Municipal corporation 596,473 94.9
Kedamangalam Outgrowth 21,729 42.7
Alangad Outgrowth 40,585 18.4
Cheriyakadavu Outgrowth 8,326
Kakkanad Municipality 22,486 42.8
Maradu Municipality 40,993 12.4
Thrippunithura Municipality 81,594 29.2
Chennamangalam Outgrowth 21,881 14.7
Chottanikkara Census town 19,168 17.3
Kureekkad Census town 9,730
TOTAL 1,546,470 ≈600

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 million and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Corporation of Cochin - Appraisal Report, JNNURM, Govt. of India". 
  3. ^ Ernakulam District Administration http://ernakulam.nic.in/census.htm |url= missing title (help). 
  4. ^ "Achieving compact and high-density development". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 1 October 2005. 
  5. ^ Kochi Kingdom Corporation of Cochin official site
  6. ^ Vasco-Da-Gama Encarta encyclopedia. Archived 2009-11-01.
  7. ^ "HISTORY OF BANGKA ISLAND". 
  8. ^ "TABLE 7.2.11". mospi.gov.in. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  9. ^ Statistics of Ernakulam in 2001 Official site of Government of Kerala

External links[edit]