German submarine U-995

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U-995 Type VIIC at the Laboe Naval Memorial
U-995 Type VIIC at the Laboe Naval Memorial
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-995
Ordered: 14 October 1941
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 195
Laid down: 25 November 1942
Launched: 22 July 1943
Commissioned: 16 September 1943
Fate: Surrendered
Career (Norway)
Name: Kaura
Acquired: October 1948
Commissioned: December 1952
Decommissioned: 1965
Fate: Museum ship at Laboe Naval Memorial, the only surviving Type VII class in the world
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement:
  • 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
  • 860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length:
  • 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
  • 50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Identification codes: M 55 095
Commanders:
Operations: 9 patrols
Victories:

German submarine U-995 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. She was laid down on 25 November 1942 by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg, Germany, and commissioned on 16 September 1943 with Oberleutnant zur See Walter Köhntopp in command.

Commanders[edit]

During the war U-995 '​s commanders were:

Service history[edit]

During the war U-995 conducted 9 patrols:

  • 16 September 1943 to 31 May 1944 5th Flotilla (training)
  • 1 June 1944 to 28 February 1945 13th Flotilla (front boat)
  • 1 March 1945 to 8 May 1945 14th Flotilla (front boat)

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-995 took part in 5 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Dachs (1 Sep 1944 - 5 Sep 1944)
  • Zorn (26 Sep 1944 - 1 Oct 1944)
  • Panther (16 Oct 1944 - 10 Nov 1944)
  • Stier (11 Dec 1944 - 6 Jan 1945)
  • Hagen (17 Mar 1945 - 21 Mar 1945)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name of ship Flag Tonnage Fate
5 December 1944 Proletarij  Soviet Union 1,123 Sunk
21 December 1944 Reshitel'nyj  Soviet Union 20 Sunk
26 December 1944 RT-52 Som  Soviet Union 417 Sunk
29 December 1944 T-883 (No 37)  Soviet Navy 633 Sunk
2 March 1945 BO-224  Soviet Navy 105 Sunk
20 March 1945 Horace Bushnell  United States 7,176 Damaged

Fate[edit]

At the end of the war on 8 May 1945 she was stricken at Trondheim, Norway. She was surrendered to the British [1] and then transferred to Norwegian ownership in October 1948. In December 1952 U995 became the Norwegian submarine Kaura and in 1965 she was stricken from service by the Royal Norwegian Navy. She then was sold for the symbolic price of one Deutsche Mark to the German government, who turned down the offer, but was saved by the German Navy League DMB, where she became a museum ship at Laboe Naval Memorial in October 1971.

Armament[edit]

FLAK weaponry[edit]

U-995 was mounted with a single 3.7 cm Flak M42U gun on the LM 42U mount. The LM 42U mount was the most common mount used with the 3.7 cm Flak M42U. The 3.7 cm Flak M42U was the marine version of the 3.7 cm Flak and was also used by the Kriegsmarine on other Type VII and Type IX U-boats.

Additionally the boat was armed with a pair of twin Flak 38 20mm "Flakzwilling" mounts immediately adjacent to the 37mm gun mount.

Sonar[edit]

Passive sonar[edit]

U-995 was fixed with a Royal Norwegian Navy design Balkongerät sometime during the 1970s and then removed sometime between 4 November 1971 and 13 March 1972.[2]

Other surviving U-boats[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Blair, p. 819.
  2. ^ Wetzel, Eckard. U-995. Motorbuch Verlag; Erw. N.-A. edition (November 1, 2004). ISBN 978-3613024250.
  3. ^ a b This drawing is based foremost on the internal framing of the Type VIIC and photographs of U-995 '​s. Its dimensions and attachment points are based principally on the external framing of the Type VIIC.
Bibliography
  • Clay Blair : Hitler’s U-Boat War Vol II (1998). ISBN 978-0-394-58839-1
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg; Berlin; Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°24′45″N 10°13′44″E / 54.41250°N 10.22889°E / 54.41250; 10.22889