German submarine U-995
U-995 Type VIIC at the Laboe Naval Memorial
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||14 October 1941|
|Builder:||Blohm & Voss, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||25 November 1942|
|Launched:||22 July 1943|
|Commissioned:||16 September 1943|
|Fate:||Museum ship at Laboe Naval Memorial, the only surviving Type VII class in the world|
|Type:||Type VIIC/41 submarine|
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Complement:||44–52 officers & ratings|
|Identification codes:||M 55 095|
German submarine U-995 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. She was laid down on 25 November 1942 by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg, Germany, and commissioned on 16 September 1943 with Oberleutnant zur See Walter Köhntopp in command.
During the war U-995 's commanders were:
- 16 September 1943 to 9 October 1944 Kapitänleutnant Walter Köhntopp
- 10 October 1944 to 8 May 1945 Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Georg Hess (Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross)
During the war U-995 conducted 9 patrols:
- 16 September 1943 to 31 May 1944 5th Flotilla (training)
- 1 June 1944 to 28 February 1945 13th Flotilla (front boat)
- 1 March 1945 to 8 May 1945 14th Flotilla (front boat)
U-995 took part in 5 wolfpacks, namely.
- Dachs (1 Sep 1944 - 5 Sep 1944)
- Zorn (26 Sep 1944 - 1 Oct 1944)
- Panther (16 Oct 1944 - 10 Nov 1944)
- Stier (11 Dec 1944 - 6 Jan 1945)
- Hagen (17 Mar 1945 - 21 Mar 1945)
Summary of Raiding Career
|Date||Name of ship||Flag||Tonnage||Fate|
|5 December 1944||Proletarij||Soviet Union||1,123||Sunk|
|21 December 1944||Reshitel'nyj||Soviet Union||20||Sunk|
|26 December 1944||RT-52 Som||Soviet Union||417||Sunk|
|29 December 1944||T-883 (No 37)||Soviet Navy||633||Sunk|
|2 March 1945||BO-224||Soviet Navy||105||Sunk|
|20 March 1945||Horace Bushnell||United States||7,176||Damaged|
At the end of the war on 8 May 1945 she was stricken at Trondheim, Norway. She was surrendered to the British  and then transferred to Norwegian ownership in October 1948. In December 1952 U995 became the Norwegian submarine Kaura and in 1965 she was stricken from service by the Royal Norwegian Navy. She then was sold for the symbolic price of one Deutsche Mark to the German government, who turned down the offer, but was saved by the German Navy League DMB, where she became a museum ship at Laboe Naval Memorial in October 1971.
U-995 was mounted with a single 3.7 cm Flak M42U gun on the LM 42U mount. The LM 42U mount was the most common mount used with the 3.7 cm Flak M42U. The 3.7 cm Flak M42U was the marine version of the 3.7 cm Flak and was also used by the Kriegsmarine on other Type VII and Type IX U-boats.
Additionally the boat was armed with a pair of twin Flak 38 20mm "Flakzwilling" mounts immediately adjacent to the 37mm gun mount.
U-995 was fixed with a Royal Norwegian Navy design Balkongerät sometime during the 1970s and then removed sometime between 4 November 1971 and 13 March 1972.
Other surviving U-boats
- Blair, p. 819.
- Wetzel, Eckard. U-995. Motorbuch Verlag; Erw. N.-A. edition (November 1, 2004). ISBN 978-3613024250.
- This drawing is based foremost on the internal framing of the Type VIIC and photographs of U-995 's. Its dimensions and attachment points are based principally on the external framing of the Type VIIC.
- Clay Blair : Hitler’s U-Boat War Vol II (1998). ISBN 978-0-394-58839-1
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg; Berlin; Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Documentary about U995
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-995". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- U-995 at Uboatwaffe.net[dead link] – Retrieved 18 April 2007
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