Baybay language

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Native toPhilippines
RegionBaybay City, Leyte
Native speakers
10,000 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bvy

The Baybay language, also known as Baybayanon, Utudnon, Waya-Waya or Leyte, is a distinct regional language that was spoken on the island of Leyte in the Philippines before the arrival of Waray-Waray and then later, Boholano and Cebuano. It is still spoken around the city of Baybay. It is part of the Bisayan language family and is closely related to other Philippine languages.


Baybayanon was originally a Warayan language that has been relexified and overlaid by a Cebuano (Leyteño) superstratum (Rubino 2005). The Warayan substratum is characterized by Baybayanon's more Waray-like deictics, and various other features.[3]


Utudnon is spoken by about 10,000 people[4] in 5 barangays of Baybay municipality, central Leyte, namely Utúd (also called Utod or Guadalupe), Gábas, Kilím, Pátag, and Pangasúgan.[3]


  1. ^ Baybay at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Baybayanon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Carl Rubino. 2005. "Utudnon, an Undescribed Language of Leyte". In Hsiu-chuan Liao and Carl R. Galvez Rubino (eds.), Current Issues in Philippine Linguistics and Anthropology: Parangal kay Lawrence A. Reid, 306-336. Manila, Philippines: Linguistic Society of the Philippines and SIL Philippines.
  4. ^