|IATA: DUS – ICAO: EDDL|
|Operator||Flughafen Düsseldorf GmbH|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||44.8 m / 147 ft|
Düsseldorf Airport (German: Flughafen Düsseldorf; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport; IATA: DUS, ICAO: EDDL) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area.
Düsseldorf is the third largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt and Munich handling 21.8 million passengers in 2014. It serves as a hub for Air Berlin and Germanwings including Eurowings and additionally features Lufthansa's only long-haul operations outside of its hubs in Frankfurt and Munich. It is able to handle wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Facilities
- 3 History
- 4 Airlines and destinations
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Ground transportation
- 7 Other facilities
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region – the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world. The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a 20-kilometre (12 mi) radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss, and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact 6.13 square kilometres (2.37 sq mi) of land – small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity – but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is the workplace for more than 18,200 employees.
With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010, the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 20th busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010.
Düsseldorf Airport is a public–private partnership with the following owners:
- 50% city of Düsseldorf
- 50% Airport Partners GmbH (Ownership of Airport Partners GmbH: 40% Hochtief AirPort GmbH, 20% Hochtief AirPort Capital KGaA, 40% Dublin Airport Authority plc (through its wholly owned subsidiary Aer Rianta International cpt))
Düsseldorf Airport has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are essentially concourses within a single terminal building. The current terminal buildings are capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so-called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted.
Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01–A16) used by Lufthansa and Germanwings, its airline partners and Star Alliance members, All Nippon Airways, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, TAP Portugal, and Swiss International Air Lines. Terminal A houses two Lufthansa lounges. It was refurbished fundamentally for two years after the 1996 fire.
Terminal B was origially inaugurated in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01–B11) used for domestic and EU-flights by a few Star Alliance members such as Aegean Airlines, but mainly by SkyTeam and Oneworld members like Air Berlin, British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, and Air France. Also located within this terminal are leisure carriers such as TUIfly and Condor. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways. After the fire in 1996 the whole terminal building was torn down and reconstructed. It was reopened in 2001.
Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01–C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines (except Turkish Airlines). These are long-haul flights – among others – by Air Berlin, Cathay Pacific, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Mahan Air, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's Maritim Hotel, part of a German hotel chain, and houses lounges from Air Berlin and Emirates. Terminal C was the least affected Terminal after the fire in 1996. It was still reopened in 1996 after intensive maintenance works. Thus it was the only usable Terminal at Düsseldorf Airport for a couple of years. Terminal C features the airports only parking position equipped with three jet-bridges to handle the Airbus A380.
Jet Aviation operates a small terminal solely for private and corporate customers.
Runways and apron
Düsseldorf has two runways, which are 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) and 2,700 metres (8,858 ft) long. There are plans to extend the 3,000-metre (9,843 ft) runway to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft), but the town of Ratingen has been blocking the expansion, as it lies within the approach path of the runway. 107 aircraft parking positions are available on the aprons.
Since 2003, an area of 23 hectares (57 acres) south-west of the airport terminal has been under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of 250,000 square metres (2,700,000 sq ft) to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are corporate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a Maritim Hotel and Congress Centre, a Sheraton Hotel and a cinema. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some 500 m or 1,600 ft).
The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the beginning of World War II civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.
In 1950, the main runway was extended to 2475 meters. In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was further lengthened to 3000 metres.
In 1973 the new central building and Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started its operations. The additional new Terminal A was opened in 1977. In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport – making it number two in Germany.
By 1992, when the second runway was built, 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.
Düsseldorf Airport fire
On 11 April 1996, the Düsseldorf Airport fire, which has been the worst structural airport fire worldwide to date, broke out. It was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area in combination with insufficient structural fire protection and destroyed large parts of the passenger areas of the airport.
17 people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be completely reconstructed. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents.
In November 1997 Terminal C has been completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began in the same year.
Development since the 2000s
The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.
The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost was reopened.
In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph). The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.
In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name.
In January 2015, Emirates announced to schedule the Airbus A380 on one of their two daily flights from Dubai to Düsseldorf starting in July 2015. In May 2015, the airport finished construction of the new facilities needed to handle the A380, including a parking position with three jet-bridges, widened taxiways and new ground handling equipment.
In June 2015, Lufthansa announced to close its long-haul base at Düsseldorf Airport due to economic reasons by October 2015. The base currently consists of two Airbus A340-300s which serve Newark and Chicago. Newark remains as a year-round service which will be operated in a W-pattern from Munich Airport (Munich - Newark - Düsseldorf - Newark - Munich), the future of the Chicago service remains unclear as Lufthansa suspends the route for the winter 2015/2016 season. The Düsseldorf-Chicago route is also served by competitor American Airlines during the summer seasons since 2013.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Düsseldorf Airport:
Passenger and freight numbers
|Passengers||Movements||Freight (in t)|
|Source: ADV, Düsseldorf Airport|
|2||Palma de Mallorca||1,161,993|
|Source: Düsseldorf Airport|
Düsseldorf Airport is served by two railway stations – one for the suburban railway and one for regional and long-distance trains. The airport's railway station is located 2.5 kilometres from the terminal and is served by all categories of German rail types, including ICE high-speed trains. The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is served by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.
The airport can be reached via its own motorway-section which part of the motorway A44 (Belgium – Kassel, Exit Düsseldorf-Flughafen) which connects to motorways A52, A57 and A3 as well. There are taxis and counters of several car rental agencies available as well. Additionally, there are several local bus lines connecting the airport with nearby areas and Düsseldorf city center.
- Düsseldorf Airport has the headquarters of Air Berlin's technical training facilities and also serves as one of their maintenance bases.
- Transport in Germany
- Weeze Airport, an airport 80 km (50 mi) north-west from Düsseldorf, that is sometimes advertised by low-cost airlines as "Düsseldorf-Weeze" or "Weeze (Düsseldorf)". A German court ruled the naming the airport after Düsseldorf would be misleading to passengers, however some airlines still use that name in advertisements outside of Germany.
- "ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Archived from the original on 2010-11-30.
- "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- "Geo". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- "Emirates fliegt Düsseldorf bald mit einem Airbus A380 an". airliners.de. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Hotel Düsseldorf. "Maritim Hotel Düsseldorf". Maritim.com. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- "Willkommen bei der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf". Duesseldorf. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- aero.de - "Lufthansa dissolves Düsseldorf long-haul base" (German) 29 June 2015
- "Find Flights". dus.com. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "American Airlines Adjusts International Winter Schedule" (Press release). American Airlines. 31 July 2014. Archived 11 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "BA to launch new London City routes". Business Traveller. 26 November 2013.
- Cathay Pacific to launch new service to Düsseldorf (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 3 February 2015.
- "germanwings / Eurowings Route Transfers in April 2016". Airlineroute.net. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
- "germanwings Moves 55 Routes to Eurowings from late-Oct 2015". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Ryanair, Edelweiss und mehr - Aktuelle Streckenmeldungen". airliners.de. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Lufthansa Dusseldorf - US W15 Operation Changes". Airlineroute.net. 22 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "German Airport Statistics".
- "Düsseldorf Airport traffic statistics".
- "Route Statistics Statistisches Bundesamt.".
- "Facts and Figures Düsseldorf Airport.".
- "Passengers". dus-com1. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "airberlin technik – airberlin technical training in Dusseldorf". Airberlin-technik.com.
- "Kontakt." LTU International. Retrieved 21 June 2009. "LTU International Airways Flughafen Düsseldorf, Halle 8 D40474 Düsseldorf"
- "Contact." Blue Wings. 12 June 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG Duesseldorf Airport Terminal A 5. OG 40474 Duesseldorf, Germany"
- "Welcome to Blue Wings." Blue Wings. 27 March 2009. Retrieved on 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG . Düsseldorf Airport . Terminal A . D-40474 Düsseldorf . Germany"
Media related to Düsseldorf Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Current weather for EDDL at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for DUS at Aviation Safety Network