List of technology centers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Xerox Parc in 1977, an important technology lab in California's Silicon Valley

This is a list of technology centers throughout the world. Government planners and business networks often incorporate "silicon" or "valley" into place names to describe their own areas as a result of the success of Silicon Valley in California. Metrics may be applied to measure qualitative differences between these places, including:

  • How much and to what extent public and/or private research and development (R&D) funds are spent in the zones
  • What percentage of local employment is technology related
  • If the zone is mainly government funded or is mainly corporate driven (or is it a mix of both)
  • If mainly corporate, how much revenue and profit and which corporations have headquarters there
  • If mainly corporate, how much venture capital has been made available to companies in the zone
  • What supporting higher educational institutions (e.g., universities or colleges) are located nearby

Globally prominent clusters[edit]



Cameroon Cameroon

Egypt Egypt

Kenya Kenya

  • Konza Technology City: launched in 2013, and set to host business process outsourcing (BPO) ventures, a science park, and other facilities

Mauritius Mauritius

Morocco Morocco

Nigeria Nigeria

South Africa South Africa

Zambia Zambia

Middle East and North Africa[edit]

United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates


Bolivia Bolivia

Brazil Brazil

Canada Canada

Chile Chile

Guatemala Guatemala

Mexico Mexico

United States United States

Uruguay Uruguay


Zhongguancun in Beijing.
Sri city Business Centre

China China

Hong Kong Hong Kong

India India

Indonesia Indonesia

Iran Iran

Israel Israel

Japan Japan

Malaysia Malaysia

Myanmar Myanmar

Pakistan Pakistan

Philippines Philippines

Qatar Qatar

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia

Singapore Singapore

South Korea South Korea

Taiwan Taiwan

Southern Taiwan Science Park

Thailand Thailand

United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates

Uzbekistan Uzbekistan

Vietnam Vietnam


Austria Austria

Belarus Belarus

Belgium Belgium

  • BioWin: The Health Cluster of Wallonia

Bulgaria Bulgaria

Czech Republic Czech Republic

Finland Finland

France France

WISTA in Berlin (Silicon Allee)

Germany Germany

Hungary Hungary

Republic of Ireland Ireland

  • Dublin (known as "Silicon Docks" or "The European Silicon Valley", due to its high number of technological EMEA centres)

Italy Italy

Netherlands Netherlands

Portugal Portugal

Russia Russia

Romania Romania

  • Bucharest
    • Grozăvești including Politehnica Campus, Regie Campus, Sema Park, Afi Park and Orhideea Offices
    • Pipera including Pipera Park, Aviației Offices and Piața Pipera Offices
    • Măgurele including the European laser technology institute
    • Romexpo including Expozitiei Offices, Tipografiei Offices and Jiului Offices
    • Militari including West Gate Offices
  • Cluj-Napoca[40]
    • Între Lacuri start-up offices
    • Jucu technology park
  • Iași
    • Palas-Sfântul Andrei Offices
  • Craiova
    • S200 technology park including Universitatea Campus
    • Ford automotive park
  • Timișoara
    • Openville
    • Vox Technology Park
  • Pitești

Serbia Serbia

  • Science Technology Park Belgrade
  • NTP Novi Sad

Slovakia Slovakia

Spain Spain

Sweden Sweden

Switzerland Switzerland

Turkey Turkey

United Kingdom United Kingdom

Ukraine Ukraine

Uzbekistan Uzbekistan


Australia Australia

Places with "Silicon" names[edit]

The following list contains places with "Silicon" names, that is, places with nicknames inspired by the Silicon Valley nickname given to part of the San Francisco Bay Area:


Middle East and North Africa[edit]





Costa Rica[edit]


United States[edit]








  • SiliconFjord: Oslofjord region[51]



  • Ticino Valley: Technology cluster in the Lugano area

United Kingdom[edit]



  • Silicon Mallee (Adelaide, Australia; Mallee, an Australian aboriginal word for the land area around Adelaide covered by low, scrubby dwarf eucalyptus "mallee" vegetation)
  • Silicon St, Sydney" An inner city colloquial district including Ultimo/Pyrmont along Harris St spanning 10 km2 from UTS to Google including Fishburners
  • Silicon Beach: A term used by those in the Australian startup community to refer to the startup ecosystem within Australian cities, in particular by Meetup groups like Silicon Beach Sydney and Silicon Beach Adelaide

New Zealand[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Malone, Michael S. (2002). The Valley of Heart's Delight: A Silicon Valley Notebook 1963 - 2001. New York: John S. Wiley & Sons. p. xix. ISBN 9780471201915. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  2. ^ T. Washington Institute
  3. ^ a b Viva Tel Aviv!
  4. ^ Chengdu Tianfu (Heavenly City) Software Park
  5. ^ "Shanghai Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park". Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
  6. ^ "Odisha to make Info Valley an Int'l IT centre". India Whispers. June 10, 2020. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  7. ^ Satapathy, Dillip (2016-06-17). "Centre gives nod to electronic park in Bhubaneswar". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  8. ^ "Make in Odisha: Bharat Biotech to invest Rs 500 cr for vaccine-making unit in Khurda district". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  9. ^ "Bhubaneswar: 'Expedite building of Biotech Park near city', says CS Suresh Chandra Mohapatra | Bhubaneswar News – Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. May 7, 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  10. ^ Pardis Tech Park
  11. ^
  12. ^ "General View of Kansai Science City". Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Tsukuba Science City". Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  14. ^ "Yokosuka Research Park". Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  15. ^ "Technology Park Malaysia". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Selangor Science Park 2 Moving At Snail's Pace". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  17. ^ "FRIM-MTDC – Malaysian Technology Development Corporation". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  18. ^ "UPM-MTDC – Malaysian Technology Development Corporation". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  19. ^ "UKM-MTDC – Malaysian Technology Development Corporation". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  20. ^ "UITM-MTDC – Malaysian Technology Development Corporation". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  21. ^ "Penang is on its way to becoming the Silicon Valley of the East, and IoT is how". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  22. ^ "Styling itself as the 'Silicon Valley of the East'". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  23. ^ "Penang still 'Silicon Valley of the East'". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  24. ^ "A Silicon Valley of the East: Penang's thriving start-up community". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  25. ^ "Invest Penang – Opportunities". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  26. ^ "MSC Cyberport Johor". Archived from the original on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  27. ^ "Nusajaya Tech Park". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  28. ^ "UTM-MTDC – Malaysian Technology Development Corporation". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  29. ^ "Kulim Hi-Tech Park". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  30. ^ Lahore's Software Park almost completed
  31. ^ a b c d e "Industrial Properties for Sale | Science Park of the Philippines Inc".
  32. ^ Singapore Science Park
  33. ^ Lee, Suh-yoon (13 April 2018). "IT firms rushing to hire software developers". The Korea Times. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  34. ^ "中部科學工業園區". Archived from the original on 2007-01-10.
  35. ^ Southern Taiwan Science Park Archived 2008-11-19 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ Nankang Software Park
  37. ^ GIANT Campus website
  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2013-12-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  39. ^ Official Innopolis web-site
  40. ^ "Romania Proving Popular As Software Outsourcing Destination". InformationWeek. 4 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
  41. ^ Barrenechea, Mark (2014-05-16). "Why Ontario is the Silicon Valley of the North". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2014-11-09.
  42. ^ "Is Ottawa still Silicon Valley North?". 29 June 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  43. ^ Soper. "The lure of Chilecon Valley".
  44. ^ "Siliconia -- Part 1".
  45. ^ "Silicon Beach Miami FL". Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  46. ^ "Is Miami The New Silicon Beach?". Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  47. ^ Molpariya, Aakash. "A New "Silicon Beach": Tech Billionaires Move to Miami". Revyuh. Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  48. ^ Soper, Taylor (February 11, 2015). "Silicon Desert: How Phoenix is quickly—and quietly—becoming a hub for innovation". GeekWire. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  49. ^
  50. ^ "Zhongguancun, China's Silicon Valley".
  51. ^ SiliconFjord
  52. ^ "Silicon Britain: Inside the country's tech clusters". BBC News. 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  53. ^ "Silicon Spa". Archived from the original on 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-06-10.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kerr, William R., and Frederic Robert-Nicoud. 2020. "Tech Clusters." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 34 (3): 50–76.

External links[edit]