Kempegowda International Airport
|Kempegowda International Airport
ಕೆಂಪೇಗೌಡ ಅಂತರರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ವಿಮಾನ ನಿಲ್ದಾಣ
|IATA: BLR – ICAO: VOBL|
|Owner/Operator||Bengaluru International Airport Limited|
|Location||Devanahalli, Karnataka, India|
|Opened||24 May 2008|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||915 m / 3,002 ft|
|Statistics (FY2015 (April 2014-March 2015))|
Kempegowda International Airport (IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBL) is an international airport serving the city of Bangalore, Karnataka, India. It is located at Devanahalli about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Bangalore City Railway Station and covers 1,622 hectares (4,009 acres). The airport opened in May 2008 as Bengaluru International Airport, replacing HAL Airport as the city's main commercial airport. It was renamed in 2013 after Kempe Gowda I, the founder of Bangalore.
In 2014-15 Kempegowda Airport was ranked third busiest airport by passenger traffic in the country, behind the airports of Delhi and Mumbai. It handled about 15.24 million passengers and 400 air traffic movements (ATM) per day.
The airport serves as the primary hub for AirAsia India and Air Pegasus, and as a secondary hub for Jet Airways. It also serves as focus city for Air India, IndiGo and SpiceJet. Prior to their demise, Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines were also based at the airport.
- 1 History
- 2 Ownership
- 3 Expansion
- 4 Runway
- 5 Terminals
- 6 Other facilities
- 7 Airlines and destinations
- 8 Connectivity
- 9 Awards and honours
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The airport project started as a public-private joint venture between Switzerland's Zurich Airport, Germany's Siemens Project Ventures GmbH, Government of Karnataka and Airports Authority of India (AAI). Construction began in July 2005, after a decade long postponement. The new airport was originally planned to accommodate 6.5 million passengers a year, but this was later redesigned to handle 12 million passengers per year. The redesign resulted in an increase in the size of the terminal, number of aircraft stands, new taxiway layouts and supporting infrastructure. The airport was to be inaugurated on 30 March 2008, but due to delays in air traffic control (ATC) services, it was finally inaugurated on 24 May 2008. A Jet Airways flight from Mumbai marked the start of commercial operations. Later, an Air India flight to Singapore became the first commercial flight to take-off from the airport. The erstwhile HAL airport located in downtown Bangalore was closed to commercial aviation.
On 27 February 2009, the Government of Karnataka forwarded the proposal to the central government to rename the airport after the city's founder, Kempe Gowda I. In 2011, the state government sent another proposal to the central government to name the airport after Kempegowda. In 2012, the central government accepted the state government's proposal to name the airport after Kempegowda. On 18 July 2013, the Union Cabinet formally approved the name change. Finally, the airport was officially renamed on 14 December 2013.
Bangalore International Airport Limited (BIAL) is a Public limited company under the Companies Act formed to build, own and operate the airport. BIAL has been given rights by the Government of India to develop, design, finance, operate and manage the airport for 30 years from the date of commencement of commercial flight operations. It has an option to extend the same for an additional 30 years. Private promoters GVK (43%), Siemens Project Ventures GmbH (26%) and Zurich Airport (5%) hold 74% stake in BIAL while government entities Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development Corporation (13%) and Airport Authority of India (13%) hold the remaining 26% stake in the airport. Further, a 26% of GVK-KIA's equity is owned by AAI and KSIIDC and 74% by private promoters of which GVK acquired 43% in January 2012.
|Terminal 1 expansion video|
KIAB is being expanded in two phases, with the first phase complete and the second phase having begun in 2015.
The first phase was completed in December 2013 at a cost of ₹15 billion (US$220 million). The passenger terminal was expanded to a size of 150,556 m2 (1,620,570 sq ft); facilities for check-in, immigration, security, and baggage reclaim were all expanded. Terminal 1A was constructed as an extension to the original terminal, consisting of three gates for widebody aircraft. Phase 1 as a whole raised the airport's annual passenger capacity to 20 million.
The second phase includes the construction of a second runway and a second terminal. The second runway will be constructed on the south side of the airport and will be the same length as existing runway 09/27, although it will be widened to 60 m (200 ft) to accommodate larger aircraft. The runway will also be CAT III certified, allowing for landings in low visibility such as fog. It is expected to take two years to construct.
The second terminal will itself be constructed in two phases, with the first phase expected to be complete by 2021. It is being designed by US architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. When both phases are complete, Terminal 2 will be able to handle 35 million passengers, raising the airport's overall passenger capacity to 55 million. In addition, cargo facilities will be expanded to a capacity of 1,000,000 t (1,100,000 short tons).
Kempegowda International Airport has one runway, 09/27, 4,000 m × 60 m (13,120 ft × 200 ft), that can accommodate all types of aircraft.
In January 2012, BIAL announced the airport would be closed to all flight operations from 11 March 2012 to 3 April 2012 between 10:30 and 17:30 IST (05:00 to 12:00 UTC), as the top layer of the single runway was to be completely replaced. Following this initial phase, the runway was partly closed during phases 2 and 3 until 1 May.
The passenger terminal is a single, fully air conditioned, four-level building accommodating international and domestic operations. The basement houses storage area and rest areas. The check-in counters and baggage reclaim belts are located on level 1. The arrival and departure areas are separated vertically with a simple straight-ahead flow system. The domestic and international departure lounges and retail outlets are on level 2.
The total floor area is approximately 170,000 m2 (1,800,000 sq ft); the terminal building is designed to accommodate 5,400 passengers at peak hour. The airport has been constructed to the standards set by the Airports Authority of India (AAI), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The airport can handle 20 million people per annum with 35 aircraft movements per hour and has an estimated 576 movements per day. There are 90 Common-Use-Terminal-Equipment (CUTE) enabled check-in counters and 25 self check-in counters. The airport has 38 gates, 20 aero-bridges including three double-armed ones, 45 aircraft parking bays with fueling pits and 18 remote bus bays. The car park can handle 2,000 vehicles.
Terminal 1A is an extension of Terminal 1, projecting from the east side of the terminal. It consists of three gates capable of handling widebody aircraft, with the easternmost gate equipped to serve the Airbus A380.
The airport has an exclusive terminal for Hajj pilgrims operating during the Hajj pilgrimage season. This terminal can handle up to 600 passengers at a time and has specially designated prayer rooms and hot water facilities for Wadu.
Aviation fuel services
The airport has a fuel farm and hydrant system: a 36-kilometre (22 mi) fuel pipeline was commissioned in October 2009 by Indian Oil from Devanagonthi to the airport to reduce the need to transport jet fuel to the airport.
The cargo village was inaugurated on 9 December 2009. It houses 120 freight forwarders and 80 custom house agents and can accommodate parking of nearly 80 trucks. There are two cargo terminals in the village. One is operated by Menzies Aviation Bobba Pvt Ltd. This terminal has an initial capacity to handle 150,000 tonnes (170,000 short tons) of cargo. The other terminal is operated by Air India SATS Joint Venture consortium. This terminal has a two-floor warehouse with a capacity of 200,000 t (220,000 short tons).
Airlines and destinations
The airport is served by metered taxis and car rental services. Auto rickshaws are not allowed beyond the trumpet interchange leading to the airport, but passengers can get dropped off at the trumpet interchange and then use an airport shuttle bus from the interchange.
Bus services provided by the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) connect the airport to major parts of the city. These services known as Vayu Vajra are operated using a fleet of Volvo B7RLE buses. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs a non stop service from the airport to Mysore and Kundapur Via Manipal named FlyBus.
As the airport is 30 km (19 mi) from the city railway station, a new high-speed rail link has been proposed to connect it to the city. The high-speed rail link would be integrated with the Bangalore Metro and would cover a distance of 33 km (21 mi) from Cubbon Road to the airport with intermediate stations at Hebbal and Yelahanka. The project is expected to cost ₹69 billion (US$1.0 billion) of which the State Government would contribute ₹53.2 billion (US$780 million) and the Central Government would contribute the remaining ₹10.4 billion (US$150 million).
Awards and honours
- Even though there was an economic slowdown, BIA managed to keep its traffic base and route network stable. It was hence awarded "The Routes Asia Airport Marketing Award" chosen among five others in the Indian subcontinent.
- At the Emerging Markets Airports Awards 2010, held in Dubai, BIA was awarded "The Best Emerging Airport in Indian sub-continent."
- It received a platinum certification from IATA in January 2010 for becoming "The first airport in India to be 100% Bar Coded Boarding Passes (BCBP) compliant.
- At the CNBC AWAAZ Travel Awards 2010 held at Delhi, BIA was awarded "The Best Managed Airport in India."
- "Traffic Statistics-2015" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Aircraft Movements-2015" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Cargo Statistics-2015" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Aerodrome Geographical and Administrative Data" (PDF). AAI. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Master Plan and Projects". bengaluruairport.com.
- Anil Urs. "Bangalore International Airport begins ground work for the second runway". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Siemens team wins bid to build international airport in Bangalore: Reuters". Rediff.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Govt to push Centre for 'Kempe Gowda' airport". Bengaluru: Deccan Herald. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Centre accepts proposal to name Kempegowda International Airport after Kempegowda". Bengaluru: The Economic Times. 6 April 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- IANS (17 July 2013). "Bangalore airport named after city founder Kempe Gowda". business-standard.com.
- "Share holders of BIAL". centerforaviation.com. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
- "GVK becomes biggest stake holder". Times of India. 23 August 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
- "Bangalore International Airport" (PDF). gvk.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "About Us, Bangalore Airport". bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- Chandrashekar G. (15 December 2013). New terminal inaugurated at airport. Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- BIA Terminal 1 Expansion Capacity, Design And Construction Update 2012-05-07. Bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Acharjee, Sonali (16 December 2013). Bangalore unveils its new international airport terminal. Indiatoday.in. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Agarwal, Devesh (21 January 2016). "BIAL moves forward on second runway. Target completion in two years". Bangalore Aviation. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "India's Bengaluru airport to construct second terminal and runway in 2016". airport-technology.com. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
- +BS Reporter. "Bengaluru airport T2 phase-1 by 2021, will handle 20 mn more flyers". Business standard. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- Bangalore airport gets 'green nod' for expansion. Business Standard. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "BIAL to receive Environmental Clearance for second stage of expansion". Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- +Devesh Agarwal. "Opinion: Bangalore airport should disclose full details of premature runway surface failure". Bangalore Aviation.
- "No flights at BIA for 7 hrs from today". Bengaluru: The Times of India. 11 March 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Airport Partners". bengaluruairport.com.
- "Lounges". bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- KIA all set to welcome A380. The Hindu. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "6200 pilgrims to make the pilgrimage from the airport this year". Kempegowda International Airport Bengaluru. 27 October 2010. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- "GoAir announces 4 new routes and 12 additional daily frequencies on key routes". Indiainfoline.com. 12 January 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
- "Car Rentals". bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Vayu Vajra". bengaluruairport.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "BMTC bus services for Kempegowda International Airport". BMTCinfo.com.
- "KSRTC planning Flybus service to other cities". The Hindu (Bengaluru). 15 August 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "High-speed rail to BIA gets Govt nod". Times of India. 22 June 2009.
- "Trains". bengaluruairport.com.
- "High speed rail-link for BIA". The Hindu. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "Kempegowda International Airport bags Asian award". Kuwait Samachar. 1 April 2009.
- "Inaugural Emerging Markets Airports Award". Zawya.com. 28 April 2010.
- "BIA Wins Best Emerging Airport Award". The Hindu. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "BIA bags "The Best Managed Airport Award". mybangalore.com. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
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