Proto-Malayo-Polynesian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Proto-Malayo-Polynesian language (PMP) is the reconstructed ancestor of the Malayo-Polynesian languages, which is by far the largest branch (by current speakers) of the Austronesian language family. Proto-Malayo-Polynesian is by definition ancestral to all (certain) Austronesian languages spoken outside Taiwan, and Yami language on Taiwan's Orchid Island. Tai–Kadai languages are hypothesized to be a branch of Austronesian (but not Malayo-Polynesian), further scientific investigation is necessary to determine the relationship. (see Austro-Tai languages). The first systematic reconstruction of Proto-Austronesian (="Uraustronesisch") by Otto Dempwolff was based on evidence from languages outside of Taiwan, and was therefore actually the first reconstruction of what nowadays is known as Proto-Malayo-Polynesian.[1]

However, Roger Blench (2016)[2] doubts that there was actually the existence of a single unitary Proto-Malayo-Polynesian language. Rather, Malayo-Polynesian expansion across the Luzon Strait consisted of multi-ethnic crews rapidly settling across various locations in maritime Southeast Asia, as suggested by both archaeological and linguistic evidence. There was also a Malayo-Polynesian migration to Hainan; Blench (2016) notes that both Hlai and Austronesian peoples use the foot-braced backstrap loom as well.

Malayo-Polynesian (Austronesian)[3]
Indonesian-Philippines Micronesian Melanesian Polynesian
Major languages Indonesian language, Malay language, Javanese language, Sundanese language, Madurese language, Tagalog language, Visayan language, Malagasy language
Minor languages Minangkabau language, Acehnese language, Batak languages, Bugis language, Balinese language, Pangasinan language, Igorot languages, Maranao language, Jarai language, Rade language Marshallese language, Gilbertese language, Chamorro language, Pohnpeian language, Yapese language, Palauan language, Trukese language, Nauruan language Fijian language, Motu language, Yabim language Maori language, 'Uvea language, Samoan language, Tongan language, Niuean language, Rarotongan language, Tahitian language, Tuamotu language, Marquesan language, Hawaiian language

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dempwolff, Otto (1934-37). Vergleichende Lautlehre des austronesischen Wortschatzes. (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen 15;17;19). Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. (3 vols.)
  2. ^ Blench, Roger. 2016. The boiling pot: 4000 years ago in the Luzon straits.
  3. ^ Melinda Fillmore (1999). "What I've Learned about the Malayo-Polynesian Family of Languages". Brigham Young University. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 

External links[edit]