Yulin, Guangxi

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Yulin
玉林市 · Yilinz Si
Prefecture-level city
Yulin in 2013
Yulin in 2013
Location of Yulin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location of Yulin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Coordinates: 22°38′N 110°09′E / 22.633°N 110.150°E / 22.633; 110.150
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
Area
 • Total 12,839 km2 (4,957 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 6,910,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 537000
Area code(s) 0775
Website http://www.yulin.gov.cn/

Yulin (Chinese: 玉林; pinyin: Yùlín; literally: "Jade Forest") is one of the fourteen prefecture-level cities of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate[edit]

Yulin is located in southeastern Guangxi province along the border with Guangdong. It is a hilly basin with a total area of 12,838 km2 (4,957 sq mi).

Yulin's climate is subtropical and monsoonal. Average annual temperatures is 21 °C. Yearly precipitation is 1,650 mm. Annual sunlight hours are more than 1,795.

History[edit]

Artifacts suggest that the area was settled before the Qin Dynasty but a commandery by the name of Yulin was not established until early Han Dynasty. The urban centre of Yulin became a zhou in 996. Since ancient times, Yulin has been important for trade and communications between central China and the south, especially the coast of the Tonkin Gulf.

Administration[edit]

Yulin has 1 city, 2 districts, 4 counties, and 119 towns and townships.

City:

Districts:

Counties:

Demographics:

  • Yulin has a population of approximately 6.7 million. The majority of Yulin's population is Han but there are Zhuang, Miao, and other ethnic minorities totaling more than 100,000 people.

Language and culture[edit]

Some Chinese linguists have suggested that the Yue dialect of Yulin is the best surviving example of what ancient spoken Chinese would have sounded like based on rhyme patterns in Tang dynasty poetry.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Yulin is rich in natural resources. Important mineral resources include granite, limestone, iron, and gemstones. It is also Guangxi's biggest source of porcelain clay. Major agricultural products are rice, bananas, tomatoes, mandarin oranges, mangoes, longan, anise, tea, sugarcane, and livestock such as cattle, pigs, geese, and chickens. Industrial goods include machinery, construction materials, processed food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cigarettes, and ceramics.

Tourism[edit]

It is famous for its many mineral hot springs and one of China's oldest and most famous towers, Shiyi Tower (石嶷文塔).

Dog meat festival[edit]

Yulin is also known for its annual dog meat festival which takes place on 21 June. Over 10,000 dogs are killed at this festival for human consumption. Reports of inhumane treatment, including torture, caused celebrities and others to protest against the Festival.[1] A woman named Yang Xiaoyun went as far as to pay 150,000 yuan to save 360 dogs and dozens of cats from the festival in 2014 and 7,000 yuan to save 100 dogs in 2015.[2][3] Some Chinese celebrities such as Ai Weiwei, Chen Kun and Yang Mi, as well as international celebrities like Ricky Gervais, Stella McCartney, Jonas Mekas, Ian Somerhalder, Lindsay Lohan, Seth MacFarlane, Uma Thurman, Morrissey, James Marsden, Rooney Mara, Joaquin Phoenix, Colin Morgan, Sia Furler, Brigitte Bardot, Leona Lewis, Olivia Wilde, Clint Eastwood, Lori Alan, Erykah Badu, Tom Kenny, Pope Francis and many more have also publicly expressed a distaste for the festival.[2][4][5]

Education[edit]

Yulin is home to Yulin Normal University, where there are 13 departments with 38 four-year undergraduate specialties, 14 three-year specialties, more than 17,200 students including 12,000 full-time students and 5,200 higher education students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dog-lovers v dog-eaters: Pet food". The Economist. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b You, Tracy; Danby, Poppy (18 June 2015). "The heroic woman who is trying to save hundreds of dogs from the dinner plate at China's barbaric annual 'meat festival'". Daily Mail Online (Associated Newspapers Ltd). Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Chinese woman pays to rescue 100 dogs from meat festival: report". The Straits Times (Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. Co.). 21 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  4. ^ de Cadenet, Julia (19 June 2015). "Yulin Dog Meat Torture Festival Will Go Ahead Despite Celebrity Pleas". The Huffington Post United Kingdom (AOL (UK) Limited). Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Celebrities join campaign to stop dog meat festival in China". AsiaOne (Singapore Press Holdings Ltd . Co.). 18 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°38′N 110°09′E / 22.633°N 110.150°E / 22.633; 110.150