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玉林市 • Yilinz Si
|Coordinates (Yulin municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Yuzhou District|
|• Prefecture-level city||12,828 km2 (4,953 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,237 km2 (478 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,689.4 km2 (1,424.5 sq mi)|
(2020 census for total, 2016 otherwise)
|• Prefecture-level city||5,796,766|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-GX-09|
Yulin (Chinese: 玉林; pinyin: Yùlín; lit. 'Jade Forest', 鬱林), alternately romanized as Watlam, is one of the fourteen prefecture-level cities of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. Its Chinese name was changed in 1956 from the historical name "鬱林" (pinyin: Yùlín; lit. 'Dense Forest'), which is homophonous in Standard Mandarin, but different in the local dialect of Yue Chinese; "鬱" is [uat˥] while "玉" is [ȵok˨]. The former romanization follows the pronunciation of the historical name in Yue Chinese. Its built-up area is made of two urban districts, and Beiliu City was home to 2,309,600 inhabitants as of 2016 census.
Geography and climate
Yulin's climate is subtropical and monsoonal. Average annual temperatures is 22.9 °C. Yearly precipitation is 1,577 mm.
|Climate data for Yulin (1981−2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.0
|Average low °C (°F)||10.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||59
|Source: National Meteorological Center of CMA|
Artifacts suggest that the area was settled before the Qin dynasty but a commandery by the name of Yulin was not established until early Han dynasty. The urban centre of Yulin became a zhou in 996 AD. Since ancient times, Yulin has been important for trade and communications between central China and the south, especially along the coast of the Tonkin Gulf.
- Beiliu City (北流市)
- Yulin has a population of approximately 6.7 million. The majority of Yulin's population is Han but also includes Zhuang, Miao, and other ethnic minorities, totaling more than 100,000 people.
Language and culture
Some Chinese linguists have suggested that the Yulin dialect is the best surviving example of what ancient spoken Chinese would have sounded like based on rhyme patterns in Tang dynasty poetry.
Dog meat festival
Yulin is also known for its annual dog meat festival which takes place on 21 June. Over 10,000 dogs are killed at this festival for human consumption. Reports of inhumane treatment, including torture, caused celebrities and others to protest against the Festival.
Yulin is rich in natural resources. Important mineral resources include granite, limestone, iron, and gemstones. It is also Guangxi's biggest source of porcelain clay. Major agricultural products are rice, bananas, tomatoes, mandarin oranges, mangoes, longan, anise, tea, sugarcane, livestock such as cattle, pigs, geese, chickens and dogs. Industrial goods include machinery, construction materials, processed food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cigarettes, and ceramics.
It is famous for its many mineral hot springs and one of China's oldest towers, Shiyi Tower (石嶷文塔). Also noteworthy is the annual Yulin Dog Meat Festival. The Yulin Dog festival is well known for its obscene cruelty, and is not a tourist destination.
Yulin is served by Yulin Fumian Airport which opened in August 2020.
Yulin is home to Yulin Normal University, where there are 13 departments with 38 four-year undergraduate specialties, 14 three-year specialties, more than 17,200 students including 12,000 full-time students and 5,200 higher education students.
Guangxi Yulin High School is a high-level key middle school in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and an advanced unit of national spiritual civilization construction. It is also the first demonstration ordinary high school in Guangxi.
- Chinese highways without any divided carriageway are not allowed to have any toll booths
- "China: Guăngxī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
- 郁南（鬱南）的「郁」和玉林（鬱林）的「玉」在粤语读音上有没有区别？. Zhihu (in Chinese). 5 September 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
- "玉林-天气预报". China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
- "Dog-lovers v dog-eaters: Pet food". The Economist. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- (Beta版)玉林高中-Guangxi Yulin High School. www.gxylgz.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-07-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yulin, Guangxi.|