Yulin, Guangxi

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Yulin
玉林市 · Yilinz Si
Prefecture-level city
Yulin in 2013
Yulin in 2013
Location of Yulin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location of Yulin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Coordinates: 22°38′N 110°09′E / 22.633°N 110.150°E / 22.633; 110.150
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
Area
 • Total 12,839 km2 (4,957 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 6,910,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 537000
Area code(s) 0775
Website http://www.yulin.gov.cn/

Yulin (Chinese: 玉林; pinyin: Yùlín; literally: "Jade Forest") is one of the fourteen prefecture-level cities of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate[edit]

Yulin is located in southeastern Guangxi province along the border with Guangdong. It is a hilly basin with a total area of 12,838 km2 (4,957 sq mi).

Yulin's climate is tropical and monsoonal. Average annual temperature is 21 °C. Yearly precipitation is 1,650 mm. Annual sunlight hours are more than 1,795.

History[edit]

Artifacts suggest that the area was settled before the Qin Dynasty but a commandery by the name of Yulin was not established until early Han Dynasty. The urban centre of Yulin became a zhou in 996. Since ancient times, Yulin has been important for trade and communications between central China and the south, especially the coast of the Tonkin Gulf.

Administration[edit]

Yulin has 1 city, 2 districts, 4 counties, and 119 towns and townships.

City:

Districts:

Counties:

Demographics:

  • Yulin has a population of approximately 6.7 million. The majority of Yulin's population is Han but there are Zhuang, Miao, and other ethnic minorities totaling more than 100,000 people.

Language and culture[edit]

Some Chinese linguists have suggested that the Yue dialect of Yulin is the best surviving example of what ancient spoken Chinese would have sounded like based on rhyme patterns in Tang dynasty poetry.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Yulin is rich in natural resources. Important mineral resources include granite, limestone, iron, and gemstones. It is also Guangxi's biggest source of porcelain clay. Major agricultural products are rice, bananas, tomatoes, mandarin oranges, mangoes, longan, anise, tea, sugarcane, and livestock such as cattle, pigs, geese, and chickens. Industrial goods include machinery, construction materials, processed food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cigarettes, and ceramics.

Tourism[edit]

Various breeds including Dalmatians, Labradors, and Tibetan Mastiffs are consumed at the Dog Meat Festival.[1] Yellow Labrador pictured above.

Yulin is blessed with beautiful natural scenery and a rich cultural heritage. It is famous for its many mineral hot springs and one of China's oldest and most famous towers, Shiyi Tower (石嶷文塔).

Yulin Summer Solstice Dog Meat Festival[edit]

The city is also home to the highly-criticized Yulin Summer Solstice Dog Meat Festival where in 2013 over 10,000 dogs were consumed. Many of the dogs are electrocuted, burned and skinned while alive and conscious.[1] [2] [3]

According to legend, eating dog meat dispels ghosts and disease and has been used to treat impotence. Local activists against the festival decided to petition the White House after local efforts proved fruitless to stop the festival.[4]

Education[edit]

Yulin is home to Yulin Normal University, where there are 13 departments with 38 four-year undergraduate specialties, 14 three-year specialties, more than 17,200 students including 12,000 full-time students and 5,200 higher education students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kaiman, Jonathan (18 June 2013). "Chinese city dogged by criticism over dog-meat festival". The Guardian. Animal rights groups say 10,000 dogs are slaughtered during the festival each year, and that many are electrocuted, burned and skinned alive. Pictures posted online show flayed dogs, dogs hanging from meat hooks, and piles of dog corpses on the side of the road. 
  2. ^ Kwok, Billy H.C. (27 August 2014). "Horrifying Photos of China's Dog-Eating Festival—and the Activists Who Are Trying to Stop It". The New Republic. As many as eight dogs are crammed into cages meant for cats or chickens. 
  3. ^ Young, Connie (23 June 2014). "Canine controversy: Chinese festival serves up dog meat". CNN. Activists say dogs are part of the daily diet here, with an estimated 10,000 dogs killed for the festival alone. 
  4. ^ Li, Amy (23 May 2013). "Chinese animal activists petition White House against dog meat festival in Guangxi". South China Morning Post. They use knives to kill the dogs which are alive ... Then people would like to burn the dogs, which are conscious, so they can eat them. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°38′N 110°09′E / 22.633°N 110.150°E / 22.633; 110.150